How to format your references using the Translational Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kasting JF. Earth history. The rise of atmospheric oxygen. Science 2001; 293: 819–820.
A journal article with 2 authors
Victor DG, Leape JP. Global climate agreement: After the talks. Nature 2015; 527: 439–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spandler C, O’Neill HSC, Kamenetsky VS. Survival times of anomalous melt inclusions from element diffusion in olivine and chromite. Nature 2007; 447: 303–306.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhao K, Gu R, Wang L, Xiao P, Chen Y-H, Liang J et al. Voluntary pressing and releasing actions induce different senses of time: evidence from event-related brain responses. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 6047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ciana P. New Frontiers in Technical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Shetty K, Wu GY (eds.). Chronic Viral Hepatitis: Diagnosis and Therapeutics. Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Vacha-Haase T, Donaldson WV, Foster A. Race-Ethnicity and Gender in Older Adults. In: Miville ML, Ferguson AD (eds). Handbook of Race-Ethnicity and Gender in Psychology. Springer: New York, NY, 2014, pp 65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew E. Common Pesticide Damages Bee Brains And Affects Colony Performance. IFLScience. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Problems Plague National Weather Service ADP System. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boakyewa OA. Nana Oparebea and the Akonnedi Shrine: Cultural, religious and global agents. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. An Intersection Where ‘Oh, No!’ Meets ‘Watch Out!’ New York Times. 2002; : 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Psychiatry
AbbreviationTransl. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)2158-3188
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles