How to format your references using the Chemical Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bürgmann, R., 2015. GEOPHYSICS. Weak subduction makes great quakes. Science 349, 1162–1163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hijri, M., Sanders, I.R., 2005. Low gene copy number shows that arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inherit genetically different nuclei. Nature 433, 160–163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roy, M., Jordan, T.H., Pederson, J., 2009. Colorado Plateau magmatism and uplift by warming of heterogeneous lithosphere. Nature 459, 978–982.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kasahara, S., Miyoshi, Y., Yokota, S., Mitani, T., Kasahara, Y., Matsuda, S., Kumamoto, A., Matsuoka, A., Kazama, Y., Frey, H.U., Angelopoulos, V., Kurita, S., Keika, K., Seki, K., Shinohara, I., 2018. Pulsating aurora from electron scattering by chorus waves. Nature 554, 337–340.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stratton, J.A., 2015. Electromagnetic Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Batini, C., 2008. Qualità dei Dati: Concetti, Metodi e Tecniche, UNITEXT. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Guitar, J., 2015. Glee Goes Gaga, in: Johnson, B.C., Faill, D.K. (Eds.), Glee and New Directions for Social Change. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 61–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Understanding The Four Types Of AI, From Reactive Robots To Self-Aware Beings [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Lack of Effective Coordinated or Centralized Management Control of Closed-Circuit Television Used in DOD for Training and Education (No. B-177350). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leslie, M.S., 2012. Understanding Individual Change in Practice: A Grounded Theory Study of Maternity Care Providers (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. As Reed Departs the Mets, Prospects Are on Their Way. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bürgmann, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bürgmann, 2015; Hijri and Sanders, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hijri and Sanders, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kasahara et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Geology
AbbreviationChem. Geol.
ISSN (print)0009-2541
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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