How to format your references using the Nuclear Engineering and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Engineering and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dohlman, H.G., 2002. Diminishing returns. Nature 418, 591.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bozic, I., Nowak, M.A., 2013. Cancer. Unwanted evolution. Science 342, 938–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tayagaki, T., Hoshi, Y., Usami, N., 2013. Investigation of the open-circuit voltage in solar cells doped with quantum dots. Sci. Rep. 3, 2703.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, T., Zhang, Y., Cai, J.W., Pan, H.Y., 2014. Thermally robust Mo/CoFeB/MgO trilayers with strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Sci. Rep. 4, 5895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tissue, B.M., 2013. Basics of Analytical Chemistry and Chemical Equilibria. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hänsler, E., Schmidt, G. (Eds.), 2008. Speech and Audio Processing in Adverse Environments, Signals and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Shand, R.F., Leyva, K.J., 2007. Peptide and Protein Antibiotics from the Domain Archaea: Halocins and Sulfolobicins, in: Riley, M.A., Chavan, M.A. (Eds.), Bacteriocins: Ecology and Evolution. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 93–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Engineering and Design.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Largest Survey Yet Finds Fluoridation Safe And Effective [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. College Savings: Information on State Tuition Prepayment Programs (No. HEHS-95-131). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tam, R., 2013. Adaptation of AspectJ for C sharp (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dohlman, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bozic and Nowak, 2013; Dohlman, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bozic and Nowak, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Engineering and Design
AbbreviationNucl. Eng. Des.
ISSN (print)0029-5493
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Waste Management and Disposal
General Materials Science
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles