How to format your references using the Nuclear Engineering and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Engineering and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kotliar, G., 2003. Physics. Driving the electron over the edge. Science 302, 67–69.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kasparian, J., Wolf, J.-P., 2009. Applied physics. Laser beams take a curve. Science 324, 194–195.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gung, Y., Panning, M., Romanowicz, B., 2003. Global anisotropy and the thickness of continents. Nature 422, 707–711.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Novoselov, K.S., Geim, A.K., Dubonos, S.V., Hill, E.W., Grigorieva, I.V., 2003. Subatomic movements of a domain wall in the Peierls potential. Nature 426, 812–816.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gadd, K., 2016. TRIZ für Ingenieure. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Chen, W., 2014. Recent Advances in Radial Basis Function Collocation Methods, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Emadzadeh, A.A., Speyer, J.L., 2011. Pulse Delay Estimation Using Epoch Folding, in: Speyer, J.L. (Ed.), Navigation in Space by X-Ray Pulsars. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 49–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Engineering and Design.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. A Teenager May Help NASA Decide Where To Land Its Next Mars Rover [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Transportation Infrastructure: Better Tools Needed for Making Decisions on Using ISTEA Funds Flexibly (No. RCED-94-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chamberlain, A.D., 2014. Policy and Behavior: Essays in Applied Microeconomics (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bruno, J., 2017. Watching Coral Reefs Die. New York Times SR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kotliar, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kasparian and Wolf, 2009; Kotliar, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kasparian and Wolf, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Novoselov et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Engineering and Design
AbbreviationNucl. Eng. Des.
ISSN (print)0029-5493
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Waste Management and Disposal
General Materials Science
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles