How to format your references using the Nuclear Engineering and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Engineering and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman, S., 2001. Battle to save beleaguered beluga. Nature 412, 108.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, T.D., Bar-Anan, Y., 2008. Psychology. The unseen mind. Science 321, 1046–1047.
A journal article with 3 authors
Okabe, Y., Sano, T., Nagata, S., 2009. Regulation of the innate immune response by threonine-phosphatase of Eyes absent. Nature 460, 520–524.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Madin, J.S., Alroy, J., Aberhan, M., Fürsich, F.T., Kiessling, W., Kosnik, M.A., Wagner, P.J., 2006. Statistical independence of escalatory ecological trends in Phanerozoic marine invertebrates. Science 312, 897–900.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kwok, S., 2011. Organic Matter in the Universe. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Pederzoli, P., Bassi, C. (Eds.), 2013. Uncommon Pancreatic Neoplasms: In collaboration with Massimo Falconi, Roberto Salvia and Giovanni Butturini, Updates in Surgery. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Chalopin, J., Godard, E., Métivier, Y., 2008. Local Terminations and Distributed Computability in Anonymous Networks, in: Taubenfeld, G. (Ed.), Distributed Computing: 22nd International Symposium, DISC 2008, Arcachon, France, September 22-24, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 47–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Engineering and Design.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. For $8,000, This Startup Will Fill Your Veins With The Blood Of Young People — But It Has No Idea If It’ll Have Any Benefits [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. A Second Launch Site for the Shuttle? An Analysis of Needs for the Nation’s Space Program (No. PSAD-78-57). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paaske, L.K., 2014. AVPV kisspeptin neurons mediate neuroprogesterone induction of the luteinizing hormone surge (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. Step Down to Step Up. New York Times E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodman, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Goodman, 2001; Wilson and Bar-Anan, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Bar-Anan, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Madin et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Engineering and Design
AbbreviationNucl. Eng. Des.
ISSN (print)0029-5493
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Waste Management and Disposal
General Materials Science
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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