How to format your references using the Nuclear Engineering and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Engineering and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wood, W.B., 2009. Science education. Revising the AP biology curriculum. Science 325, 1627–1628.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salzman, H., Lowell, L., 2008. Making the grade. Nature 453, 28–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheng, L., Hong, W., Hao, Z.-C., 2014. Generation of electromagnetic waves with arbitrary orbital angular momentum modes. Sci. Rep. 4, 4814.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Trotter, J.A., Williams, I.S., Barnes, C.R., Lécuyer, C., Nicoll, R.S., 2008. Did cooling oceans trigger Ordovician biodiversification? Evidence from conodont thermometry. Science 321, 550–554.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adamowicz, Z., Zbierski, P., 1997. Logic of Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Meusburger, P., Gregory, D., Suarsana, L. (Eds.), 2015. Geographies of Knowledge and Power, Knowledge and Space, Klaus Tschira Symposia. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Guex, J., Galster, F., Hammer, Ø., 2016. The UA Method and the UAgraph Program, in: Galster, F., Hammer, Ø. (Eds.), Discrete Biochronological Time Scales. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 27–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Engineering and Design.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Solar Impulse Plane Completes Record-Breaking Flight Around The World Powered Only By The Sun [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970. Comments on H.R. 16443 (No. 094452). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delisio, J.P., 2017. Fighting For A Cure: The Berry Plan’s Impact on Civilian Medical Research (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Lithuania: Presidential Runoff. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wood, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Salzman and Lowell, 2008; Wood, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Salzman and Lowell, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Trotter et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Engineering and Design
AbbreviationNucl. Eng. Des.
ISSN (print)0029-5493
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Waste Management and Disposal
General Materials Science
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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