How to format your references using the Nuclear Engineering and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Engineering and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R.A., 2000. OCEANOGRAPHY: Missing Mixing Found in the Deep Sea. Science 288, 1947–1949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kern, B., Martin, C., 2002. Optical pulsations from the anomalous X-ray pulsar 4U0142+61. Nature 417, 527–529.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maisel, S.B., Höfler, M., Müller, S., 2012. A canonical stability-elasticity relationship verified for one million face-centred-cubic structures. Nature 491, 740–743.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Knipscheer, P., Räschle, M., Smogorzewska, A., Enoiu, M., Ho, T.V., Schärer, O.D., Elledge, S.J., Walter, J.C., 2009. The Fanconi anemia pathway promotes replication-dependent DNA interstrand cross-link repair. Science 326, 1698–1701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halpin, D.W., Senior, B.A., 2009. Financial Management and Accounting Fundamentals for Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lamattina, L., García-Mata, C. (Eds.), 2016. Gasotransmitters in Plants: The Rise of a New Paradigm in Cell Signaling, Signaling and Communication in Plants. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Milkowski, A.L., 2011. Sources of Exposure to Nitrogen Oxides, in: Bryan, N.S., Loscalzo, J. (Eds.), Nitrite and Nitrate in Human Health and Disease. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 49–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Engineering and Design.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. Awesome X-Ray View Of A Man Swallowing [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Department of Education: Improved Dissemination and Timely Product Release Would Enhance the Usefulness of the What Works Clearinghouse (No. GAO-10-644). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, K., 2011. Comparing high school physics standards: What is included and what is not (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. Amy Schumer to Make Her Broadway Debut. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kern and Martin, 2002; Kerr, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kern and Martin, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Knipscheer et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Engineering and Design
AbbreviationNucl. Eng. Des.
ISSN (print)0029-5493
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Waste Management and Disposal
General Materials Science
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles