How to format your references using the Nuclear Engineering and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nuclear Engineering and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Neill, L.A.J., 2013. Immunology. Sensing the dark side of DNA. Science 339, 763–764.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bjørnstad, O.N., Grenfell, B.T., 2001. Noisy clockwork: time series analysis of population fluctuations in animals. Science 293, 638–643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shanavas, K.V., Parker, D., Singh, D.J., 2014. Theoretical study on the role of dynamics on the unusual magnetic properties in MnBi. Sci. Rep. 4, 7222.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Walker, M.L., Burgess, S.A., Sellers, J.R., Wang, F., Hammer, J.A., 3rd, Trinick, J., Knight, P.J., 2000. Two-headed binding of a processive myosin to F-actin. Nature 405, 804–807.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, Q., 2013. Practical Design of Magnetostatic Structure Using Numerical Simulation. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Biscari, P., 2016. Meccanica Razionale, 3a edizione. ed, UNITEXT. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Donald, B.R., 2012. The Compass That Steered Robotics, in: Constable, R.L., Silva, A. (Eds.), Logic and Program Semantics: Essays Dedicated to Dexter Kozen on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 50–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nuclear Engineering and Design.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Scientists Hypnotize Baby Sea Turtles For Science [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Consolidation Loan Borrower Interest Rates (No. GAO-05-389R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garbarini, L., 2017. Comparison of the Completion Pathways of Four Categories of Doctoral Students from a Midwestern University (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2016. Museum to Give Lady Liberty’s Crowds More to Do Than Snap Selfies. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Neill, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bjørnstad and Grenfell, 2001; O’Neill, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bjørnstad and Grenfell, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Walker et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleNuclear Engineering and Design
AbbreviationNucl. Eng. Des.
ISSN (print)0029-5493
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Waste Management and Disposal
General Materials Science
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles