How to format your references using the Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kitching, R.L., 2006. Ecology. Crafting the pieces of the diversity jigsaw puzzle. Science 313, 1055–1057.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knauth, L.P., Kennedy, M.J., 2009. The late Precambrian greening of the Earth. Nature 460, 728–732.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldo, M.A., Thompson, M.E., Forrest, S.R., 2000. High-efficiency fluorescent organic light-emitting devices using a phosphorescent sensitizer. Nature 403, 750–753.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jacobs, H.O., Tao, A.R., Schwartz, A., Gracias, D.H., Whitesides, G.M., 2002. Fabrication of a cylindrical display by patterned assembly. Science 296, 323–325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yang, J., 2007. Six-Membered Transition States in Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yu, F., 2010. Three-Dimensional Model Analysis and Processing, Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rahman, S.S. ur, Schallehn, E., Saake, G., 2011. ECOS: Evolutionary Column-Oriented Storage, in: Fernandes, A.A.A., Gray, A.J.G., Belhajjame, K. (Eds.), Advances in Databases: 28th British National Conference on Databases, BNCOD 28, Manchester, UK, July 12-14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 18–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. Mediterranean Diet May Protect Your Brain In Old Age, New Finding Suggests [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. The Post-Implementation Review (No. 112925). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horton, C.R., 2013. Financial crisis within the nonprofit sector (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. Roosevelt District on Mend With Acting Schools Chief. New York Times LI13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kitching, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kitching, 2006; Knauth and Kennedy, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knauth and Kennedy, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Jacobs et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
AbbreviationEstuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.
ISSN (print)0272-7714
ScopeAquatic Science

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