How to format your references using the Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ellsworth, W.L., 2013. Injection-induced earthquakes. Science 341, 1225942.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stellwagen, D., Malenka, R.C., 2006. Synaptic scaling mediated by glial TNF-alpha. Nature 440, 1054–1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bockrath, C., Ballhaus, C., Holzheid, A., 2004. Fractionation of the platinum-group elements during mantle melting. Science 305, 1951–1953.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brunet, I., Weinl, C., Piper, M., Trembleau, A., Volovitch, M., Harris, W., Prochiantz, A., Holt, C., 2005. The transcription factor Engrailed-2 guides retinal axons. Nature 438, 94–98.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dods, R.F., 2013. Understanding Diabetes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Flynn, J.T., Ingelfinger, J.R., Portman, R.J. (Eds.), 2011. Pediatric Hypertension, Clinical Hypertension and Vascular Diseases. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Sedlmair, M., 2013. Radiation Protection in CT-Guided Interventions, in: Mahnken, A.H., Wilhelm, K.E., Ricke, J. (Eds.), CT- and MR-Guided Interventions in Radiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. What Happens To Men Who Stay Abstinent Until Marriage? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Bilingual Education: Four Overlapping Programs Could Be Consolidated (No. GAO-01-657). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rus, E.L., 2017. A grant proposal for program “Tech Connect”: Bridging the generations through technology coaching (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2016. In Debt, but Undaunted, a Mother Finds Her Home. New York Times A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ellsworth, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Ellsworth, 2013; Stellwagen and Malenka, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stellwagen and Malenka, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Brunet et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
AbbreviationEstuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.
ISSN (print)0272-7714
ScopeAquatic Science

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