How to format your references using the Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerridge, J.F., 2001. Isotopic variability of nitrogen in lunar regolith. Science 293, 1947.
A journal article with 2 authors
Padhi, A., Ma, L., 2014. Genetic and epidemiological insights into the emergence of peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) across Asia and Africa. Sci. Rep. 4, 7040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Francis, N.J., Kingston, R.E., Woodcock, C.L., 2004. Chromatin compaction by a polycomb group protein complex. Science 306, 1574–1577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chihara, N., Madi, A., Kondo, T., Zhang, H., Acharya, N., Singer, M., Nyman, J., Marjanovic, N.D., Kowalczyk, M.S., Wang, C., Kurtulus, S., Law, T., Etminan, Y., Nevin, J., Buckley, C.D., Burkett, P.R., Buenrostro, J.D., Rozenblatt-Rosen, O., Anderson, A.C., Regev, A., Kuchroo, V.K., 2018. Induction and transcriptional regulation of the co-inhibitory gene module in T cells. Nature 558, 454–459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle, W., 2009. Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Rauscher, R.C., 2014. Brooklyn’s Bushwick - Urban Renewal in New York, USA: Community, Planning and Sustainable Environments. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ivan., G., Jose A., C.-M., Gonzalo, C., Tomas, S.F., 2007. Determining Practice Achievement in Project Management Using a Two-Phase Questionnaire on Small and Medium Enterprises, in: Abrahamsson, P., Baddoo, N., Margaria, T., Messnarz, R. (Eds.), Software Process Improvement: 14th European Conference, EuroSPI 2007, Potsdam, Germany, September 26-28, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 46–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Higgs Boson Seen At Work For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Information Technology Utilization by the Federal Government (No. T-IMTEC-89-9). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cacciola, J.A., 2010. A quantitative study on retaining leadership talent within a naval aviation squadron (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Currie, A., Hay, G., 2011. Big Temptations For Wells Fargo. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerridge, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kerridge, 2001; Padhi and Ma, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Padhi and Ma, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chihara et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
AbbreviationEstuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.
ISSN (print)0272-7714
ScopeAquatic Science

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