How to format your references using the Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carroll, S.B., 2011. Evolution. How great wings can look alike. Science 333, 1100–1101.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dickson, D., Abbott, A., 2000. Britain asks to join European Southern Observatory. Nature 405, 382–383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xing, M., Li, X., Zhang, J., 2014. Synergistic effect on the visible light activity of Ti3+ doped TiO2 nanorods/boron doped graphene composite. Sci. Rep. 4, 5493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meghraoui, M., Delouis, B., Ferry, M., Giardini, D., Huggenberger, P., Spottke, I., Granet, M., 2001. Active normal faulting in the upper Rhine graben and paleoseismic identification of the 1356 Basel earthquake. Science 293, 2070–2073.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dauphiné, A., 2012. Fractal Geography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Liu, Z., Woodcock, J., Zhu, H. (Eds.), 2013. Unifying Theories of Programming and Formal Engineering Methods: International Training School on Software Engineering, Held at ICTAC 2013, Shanghai, China, August 26-30, 2013, Advanced Lectures, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Buckley, P.F., Foster, A., 2014. Schizophrenia, in: Lammert, E., Zeeb, M. (Eds.), Metabolism of Human Diseases: Organ Physiology and Pathophysiology. Springer, Vienna, pp. 17–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Incredibly Rare Pulsating Star Discovered By Astronomers [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Aviation Safety: Conditions Within the Air Traffic Control Work Force (No. RCED-89-113FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oakes, A.C., 2006. States in Crisis: How Governments Respond to Domestic Unrest (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crane, A.T., Hay, G., 2010. All Is Sparkly For Tiffany. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carroll, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Carroll, 2011; Dickson and Abbott, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dickson and Abbott, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Meghraoui et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
AbbreviationEstuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.
ISSN (print)0272-7714
ScopeAquatic Science

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