How to format your references using the Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicholson, E., 2015. Accounting for career breaks. Science 348, 830.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miltat, J., Thiaville, A., 2000. MAGNETISM: Magnets Fast and Small. Science 290, 466–467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuljapurkar, S., Li, N., Boe, C., 2000. A universal pattern of mortality decline in the G7 countries. Nature 405, 789–792.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Scott, S.H., Gribble, P.L., Graham, K.M., Cabel, D.W., 2001. Dissociation between hand motion and population vectors from neural activity in motor cortex. Nature 413, 161–165.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stahl, S., 2011. Real Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Scatena, R. (Ed.), 2015. Advances in Cancer Biomarkers: From biochemistry to clinic for a critical revision, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Severs, N.J., Dupont, E., Kaba, R., Thomas, N., 2005. Gap Junction and Connexin Remodeling in Human Heart Disease, in: Winterhager, E. (Ed.), Gap Junctions in Development and Disease. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 57–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Researchers Observe Social Spread Of New Behaviors In Chimps [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. USCIS Transformation: Improvements to Performance, Human Capital, and Information Technology Management Needed as Modernization Proceeds (No. GAO-07-1013R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mersch, C., 2012. Campus-based drunk-driving intervention program: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmitt, E., Bradsher, K., 2017. After Pair of Crashes in 2 Months, Navy Will Pause for Safety Check. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nicholson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Miltat and Thiaville, 2000; Nicholson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miltat and Thiaville, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Scott et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
AbbreviationEstuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.
ISSN (print)0272-7714
ScopeAquatic Science

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