How to format your references using the Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norreys, P.A., 2008. Physics. Complexity in fusion plasmas. Science 319, 1193–1194.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freeman, B.C., Yamamoto, K.R., 2002. Disassembly of transcriptional regulatory complexes by molecular chaperones. Science 296, 2232–2235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sivars, U., Aivazian, D., Pfeffer, S.R., 2003. Yip3 catalyses the dissociation of endosomal Rab-GDI complexes. Nature 425, 856–859.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shu, Y., Hasenstaub, A., Duque, A., Yu, Y., McCormick, D.A., 2006. Modulation of intracortical synaptic potentials by presynaptic somatic membrane potential. Nature 441, 761–765.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moll, W., Moll, A., 2011. Schallschutz im Wohnungsbau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Rajarathnam, G.P., 2016. The Zinc/Bromine Flow Battery: Materials Challenges and Practical Solutions for Technology Advancement, 1st ed. 2016. ed, SpringerBriefs in Energy. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Hallinger, P., Bridges, E.M., 2007. IMPLEMENTING PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING IN THE CLASSROOM, in: Bridges, E.M. (Ed.), A Problem-Based Approach for Management Education: Preparing Managers for Action. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 69–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. Gigantic Extinct Worm With Impressively Large Jaws Discovered In Canada [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Need To Remove More Low-Cost, Low-Usage Items From Inventories (No. B-133118). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milillo, M.S., 2009. Analysis of emotional intelligence among management leaders and non-management leaders in software development (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016. A Potluck of Anxiety as a Family Gathers in an Election Season. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norreys, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Freeman and Yamamoto, 2002; Norreys, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freeman and Yamamoto, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Shu et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
AbbreviationEstuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.
ISSN (print)0272-7714
ScopeAquatic Science

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