How to format your references using the IET Electric Power Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Electric Power Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clement, B.M.: ‘Dependence of the duration of geomagnetic polarity reversals on site latitude’Nature, 2004, 428, (6983), pp. 637–640.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwämmle, V., Herrmann, H.J.: ‘Geomorphology: solitary wave behaviour of sand dunes’Nature, 2003, 426, (6967), pp. 619–620.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yano, J.-I., Talagrand, O., Drossart, P.: ‘Outer planets: Origins of atmospheric zonal winds’Nature, 2003, 421, (6918), p. 36.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Morales-Sánchez, A., Molina-Muñoz, T., Martínez-López, J.L.E., et al.: ‘No association between Epstein-Barr Virus and Mouse Mammary Tumor Virus with breast cancer in Mexican women’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 2970.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henden, J.: ‘Beating Combat Stress’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011)
An edited book
Hanazawa, A., Miki, T., Horio, K. (Eds.): ‘Brain-Inspired Information Technology’ (Springer, 2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Rangnekar, A., LaBean, T.H.: ‘Tile-Based DNA Nano-assemblies’, in Kjems, J., Ferapontova, E., Gothelf, K.V. (Eds.): ‘Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology’ (Springer, 2014), pp. 71–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Electric Power Applications.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: ‘Astronomers Capture The Fireworks Of Newborn Stars’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘[Comments on Proposed MOU To Govern GAO Disclosure of FCC Documents]’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Learn, D.T.: ‘Differentiating instruction on the basis of cognitive tools: A case study of honors and mainstream middle school classes’. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, A.L.: ‘Push to Rid City of Classrooms That Are Anything but Temporary’New York Times, 2014, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Electric Power Applications
ISSN (print)1751-8660
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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