How to format your references using the IET Electric Power Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Electric Power Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, N.L.: ‘Applied physics. Colloid science collides with liquid crystals’Science, 2013, 342, (6164), pp. 1326–1327.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yan, K., Fujita, M.: ‘CATALYSIS. A speedy marriage in supramolecular catalysis’Science, 2015, 350, (6265), pp. 1165–1166.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Ami Bartal, I., Decety, J., Mason, P.: ‘Empathy and pro-social behavior in rats’Science, 2011, 334, (6061), pp. 1427–1430.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Miritello, G., Lara, R., Cebrian, M., Moro, E.: ‘Limited communication capacity unveils strategies for human interaction’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 1950.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smed, J., Hakonen, H.: ‘Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017)
An edited book
Rovenski, V., Walczak, P. (Eds.): ‘Geometry and its Applications’ (Springer International Publishing, 2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Timmis, J., Andrews, P.: ‘A Beginners Guide to Artificial Immune Systems’, in Flower, D., Timmis, J. (Eds.): ‘In Silico Immunology’ (Springer US, 2007), pp. 47–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Electric Power Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘10 Parasites That Could Be Making Your Body Their Home’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Space Acquisitions: Improvements Needed in Space Systems Acquisitions and Keys to Achieving Them’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzalez, E.R.: ‘Technology and adiposity: Effects of television time, video or computer game time, and computer use on body fat among Latino youth’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ratliff, B.: ‘An Online Record Shop for the Faster, Punker Set’New York Times, 2016, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Electric Power Applications
ISSN (print)1751-8660
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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