How to format your references using the NRL Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NRL Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Weyer S (2008) Geochemistry. What drives iron isotope fractionation in magma? Science 320:1600–1601
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
MacCoun R, Perlmutter S (2015) Blind analysis: Hide results to seek the truth. Nature 526:187–189
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Reiserer A, Ritter S, Rempe G (2013) Nondestructive detection of an optical photon. Science 342:1349–1351
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Okamura K, Chung W-J, Ruby JG, et al (2008) The Drosophila hairpin RNA pathway generates endogenous short interfering RNAs. Nature 453:803–806

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
You H, Jianjuan X, Xin G (2016) Radar Data Processing with Applications. John Wiley &;#38; Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
1.
Bezhanishvili N, Goranko V (2012) Lectures on Logic and Computation: ESSLLI 2010 Copenhagen, Denmark, August 2010, ESSLLI 2011, Ljubljana, Slovenia, August 2011, Selected Lecture Notes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Horiuchi T, Masamune K, Tsukihara H, et al (2012) Clipping Device with a Clear Liquid-Flushing Endoscope Equipping Wide View Coaxial Nozzle for Edge-to-Edge Repair Surgery without Heart-Lung Machine. In: Dohi T, Liao H (eds) Computer Aided Surgery: 7th Asian Conference on Computer Aided Surgery, Bangkok, Thailand, August 2011, Proceedings. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 38–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NRL Advances.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) What Are These Odd Green Balls Covering This Australian Beach? In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/what-are-odd-green-balls-covering-australian-beach/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1972) Training America’s Labor Force: Potential, Progress, and Problems of Vocational Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Murray E (2012) California community college athletic directors lived experience and perceptions about financing issues with athletic programs. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K (2001) Need Milk? Too Bad. Maybe a Thong? New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNRL Advances
ISSN (online)2197-375X
Scope

Other styles