How to format your references using the NRL Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NRL Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Vilenkin A (2006) Astronomy. The vacuum energy crisis. Science 312:1148–1149
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wolf D, Goff SP (2009) Embryonic stem cells use ZFP809 to silence retroviral DNAs. Nature 458:1201–1204
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wang B, Chen J, Corlett RT (2014) Factors influencing repeated seed movements by scatter-hoarding rodents in an alpine forest. Sci Rep 4:4786
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Yin H-S, Wen X, Paterson RG, et al (2006) Structure of the parainfluenza virus 5 F protein in its metastable, prefusion conformation. Nature 439:38–44

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schrör K (2016) Acetylsalicylic Acid. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Nenajdenko V (2014) Fluorine in Heterocyclic Chemistry Volume 2: 6-Membered Heterocycles. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lamperti M (2014) The Choice of a Vein in Critically Ill Patients: Cost-Effectiveness. In: Sandrucci S, Mussa B (eds) Peripherally Inserted Central Venous Catheters. Springer, Milano, pp 31–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NRL Advances.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Experimental Cholesterol Drug Shows Potential to Fight Breast Cancer. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/experimental-cholesterol-drug-shows-potential-fight-breast-cancer/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1995) Charter Schools: New Model for Public Schools Provides Opportunities and Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tran A (2012) A psychoeducational program on hoarding within the Vietnamese community: Grant writing proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Baker P, Schmidt MS, Haberman M (2017) Trump Lashes Out At Russia Inquiry And Its Overseers. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNRL Advances
ISSN (online)2197-375X
Scope

Other styles