How to format your references using the NRL Advances citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for NRL Advances. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P (2011) Beyond the bond. Nature 469:26–28
A journal article with 2 authors
Scharlemann JPW, Laurance WF (2008) Environmental science. How green are biofuels? Science 319:43–44
A journal article with 3 authors
Hartgerink JD, Beniash E, Stupp SI (2001) Self-assembly and mineralization of peptide-amphiphile nanofibers. Science 294:1684–1688
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ma LQ, Komar KM, Tu C, et al (2001) A fern that hyperaccumulates arsenic. Nature 409:579

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cardon A, Itmi M (2016) New Autonomous Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bellon S, Penvern S (2014) Organic Farming, Prototype for Sustainable Agricultures: Prototype for Sustainable Agricultures. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Simon HU (2006) Spectral Norm in Learning Theory: Some Selected Topics. In: Todorovski L, Lavrač N, Jantke KP (eds) Discovery Science: 9th International Conference, DS 2006, Barcelona, Spain, October 7-10, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 16–16

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for NRL Advances.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) New Contraceptive Lasts For Three Months And Protects Against HIV And Pregnancy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Mainframe Procurements: Statistics Showing How and What the Government is Acquiring. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfenden A (2012) Factors predicting oncology care providers’ behavioral intention to adopt clinical decision support systems. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Music Distributor Helps Artists With a Tricky Part: Splitting Royalties. New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNRL Advances
ISSN (online)2197-375X

Other styles