How to format your references using the Nordic Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R. A. 2000. GREENHOUSE WARMING: Dueling Models: Future U.S. Climate Uncertain. - Science 288: 2113.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eiben, A. E. and Smith, J. 2015. From evolutionary computation to the evolution of things. - Nature 521: 476–482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kieffer, H. H. et al. 2006. CO2 jets formed by sublimation beneath translucent slab ice in Mars’ seasonal south polar ice cap. - Nature 442: 793–796.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhu, J.-X. et al. 2014. Induced ferromagnetism at BiFeO3/YBa2Cu3O7 interfaces. - Sci. Rep. 4: 5368.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety 1998. Guidelines for Design Solutions for Process Equipment Failures. - John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
2016. Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services: 12th International Conference, GECON 2015, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, September 15-17, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (J Altmann, GC Silaghi, and OF Rana, Eds.). - Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Aloisio, G. et al. 2006. A Grid Software Process. - In: Cunha, J. C. and Rana, O. F. (eds), Grid Computing: Software Environments and Tools. Springer, pp. 75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016. Russian Fisherman Captures Insane-Looking Deep-Sea Creatures, But What The Hell Are They? - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2011. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter, K. E. 2009. The use of boron-doped diamond film electrodes for the oxidative degradation of perfluorooctane sulfonate and trichloroethylene.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B. 2016. Goldie’s. - New York Times: D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr 2000, Eiben and Smith 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eiben and Smith 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Journal of Botany
AbbreviationNord. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0107-055X
ISSN (online)1756-1051
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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