How to format your references using the Nordic Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. 2003. California dreaming: San Diego. - Nature 422: 240–241.
A journal article with 2 authors
Satheesh, S. K. and Ramanathan, V., V. 2000. Large differences in tropical aerosol forcing at the top of the atmosphere and Earth’s surface. - Nature 405: 60–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laxon, S. et al. 2003. High interannual variability of sea ice thickness in the Arctic region. - Nature 425: 947–950.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Maphutha, S. et al. 2013. A carbon nanotube-infused polysulfone membrane with polyvinyl alcohol layer for treating oil-containing waste water. - Sci. Rep. 3: 1509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bourlès, H. 2013. Linear Systems. - John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chernousko, F. L. 2008. Control of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems: Methods and Applications (IM Ananievski and SA Reshmin, Eds.). - Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cacciola, P. and Muscolino, G. 2011. Stochastic Seismic Analysis of Large Linear Structural Systems Under Fully Non-stationary Spectrum Compatible Ground Motion. - In: Papadrakakis, M. et al. (eds), Computational Methods in Stochastic Dynamics. Computational Methods in Applied Sciences. Springer Netherlands, pp. 89–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Journal of Botany.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2017. Breakthrough In Search For Life As Seven Earth-Sized Worlds Found Orbiting Nearby Star. - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1998. Information Technology: Assessment of the Commerce Department’s Report on Worker Demand and Supply.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joshi, T. 2010. Understanding gold nanoisland formation using transport measurement.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. 2015. Gamblers, Scientists and the Hot Hand. - New York Times: SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Satheesh and Ramanathan 2000, Smaglik 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Satheesh and Ramanathan 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Maphutha et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Journal of Botany
AbbreviationNord. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0107-055X
ISSN (online)1756-1051
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles