How to format your references using the Nordic Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shalaev, V. M. 2008. Physics. Transforming light. - Science 322: 384–386.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsymbal, E. Y. and Kohlstedt, H. 2006. Applied physics. Tunneling across a ferroelectric. - Science 313: 181–183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kane Dickson, V. et al. 2014. Structure and insights into the function of a Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel. - Nature 516: 213–218.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sudmant, P. H. et al. 2010. Diversity of human copy number variation and multicopy genes. - Science 330: 641–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silk, R. D. and Lintott, J. W. 2011. Managing Foundations and Charitable Trusts. - John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tuschmann, W. 2015. Moduli Spaces of Riemannian Metrics (DJ Wraith, Ed.). - Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pratt-Hartmann, I. 2010. The Two-Variable Fragment with Counting Revisited. - In: Dawar, A. and Queiroz, R. de (eds), Logic, Language, Information and Computation: 17th International Workshop, WoLLIC 2010, Brasilia, Brazil, July 6-9, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, pp. 42–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2016. Cretaceous Bird Fossil Suggests Similar Digestive Features As Modern Birds. - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2014. Office of Personnel Management: Agency Needs to Improve Outcome Measures to Demonstrate the Value of Its Innovation Lab.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parker, J. S. 2006. Land Tenure in the Sugar Creek Watershed: A Contextual Analysis of Land Tenure and Social Networks, Intergenerational Farm Succession, and Conservation Use Among Farmers of Wayne County, Ohio.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. 2016. Return of Jets’ Decker Is Clouded by Injury. - New York Times: D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shalaev 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Tsymbal and Kohlstedt 2006, Shalaev 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsymbal and Kohlstedt 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Sudmant et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Journal of Botany
AbbreviationNord. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0107-055X
ISSN (online)1756-1051
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles