How to format your references using the Nordic Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wade, N. 2009. Retrospective. John Maddox (1925-2009). - Science 324: 1028.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCauley, D. W. and Bronner-Fraser, M. 2006. Importance of SoxE in neural crest development and the evolution of the pharynx. - Nature 441: 750–752.
A journal article with 3 authors
Riehl, S. et al. 2013. Emergence of agriculture in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains of Iran. - Science 341: 65–67.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tomita, S. et al. 2005. Stargazin modulates AMPA receptor gating and trafficking by distinct domains. - Nature 435: 1052–1058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nicholls, D. L. et al. 2013. Psychoanalytic Thinking in Occupational Therapy. - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
2015. Membrane Hydration: The Role of Water in the Structure and Function of Biological Membranes (EA Disalvo, Ed.). - Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Majumder, M. and Barman, R. N. 2013. Application of a Genetic Algorithm to Predict the Growth Rate of Bufo melanostictus in Urban Forest. - In: Majumder, M. and Barman, R. N. (eds), Application of Nature Based Algorithm in Natural Resource Management. Springer Netherlands, pp. 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Ravens Have Social Abilities Previously Only Seen In Humans. - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1995. Aviation Research: Perspectives on FAA’s Efforts to Develop New Technology.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, S. S. 2006. Identification of Stress-Responsive Genes in the Early Larval Stage of the Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pols, M. 2016. Apples of Contention. - New York Times: BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wade 2009).
This sentence cites two references (McCauley and Bronner-Fraser 2006, Wade 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCauley and Bronner-Fraser 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Tomita et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Journal of Botany
AbbreviationNord. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0107-055X
ISSN (online)1756-1051
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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