How to format your references using the Nordic Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. 2006. Rumblings from the fringe. - Nature 439: 910–911.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, J. W.-H. and Vederas, J. C. 2009. Drug discovery and natural products: end of an era or an endless frontier? - Science 325: 161–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conard, N. J. et al. 2009. New flutes document the earliest musical tradition in southwestern Germany. - Nature 460: 737–740.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, S. S.-J. et al. 2009. Genetics. The illusive gold standard in genetic ancestry testing. - Science 325: 38–39.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, D. 2010. The Future of Finance. - John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Duclos, J.-Y. 2006. Poverty and Equity: Measurement, Policy and Estimation with DAD (A Araar, Ed.). - Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Spaccasassi, C. and Koutavas, V. 2014. Towards Efficient Abstractions for Concurrent Consensus. - In: McCarthy, J. (ed), Trends in Functional Programming: 14th International Symposium, TFP 2013, Provo, UT, USA, May 14-16, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, pp. 76–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Climate Change Threatens Range of Bald Eagles and Half of American Bird Species. - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1992. NASA Procurement: Agencywide Action Needed to Improve Management of Contract Modifications.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Florio, M. L. 2012. Assessing the impacts of knowing natural team player styles on team satisfaction and cohesion.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 1993. Summit in Moscow: Comes the Next Generation; With Yeltsin Overture, Clinton Backs Early Meeting. - New York Times: A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2006, Li and Vederas 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Vederas 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Journal of Botany
AbbreviationNord. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0107-055X
ISSN (online)1756-1051
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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