How to format your references using the Nordic Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vernos, I. 2013. Research management: Quotas are questionable. - Nature 495: 39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greig, D. and Travisano, M. 2003. Evolution. Haploid superiority. - Science 299: 524–525.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gruber, N. et al. 2002. Interannual variability in the North Atlantic Ocean carbon sink. - Science 298: 2374–2378.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Oppenheimer, B. R. et al. 2001. Direct detection of galactic halo dark matter. - Science 292: 698–702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, J. and Roberts, R. 2015. Vital Signs for Nurses. - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
2008. Solar Hydrogen Generation: Toward a Renewable Energy Future (K Rajeshwar, R McConnell, and S Licht, Eds.). - Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Almond, R. G. et al. 2015. Basic Graph Theory and Graphical Models. - In: Mislevy, R. J. et al. (eds), Bayesian Networks in Educational Assessment. Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences. Springer, pp. 81–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2015. Take This Test To See How You Perceive Color. - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1993. B-2 Bomber: Acquisition Cost Estimates.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayhan, M. S. 2015. A Probabilistic Biomarker for Alzheimer’s Disease.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fernandez, M. and Fausset, R. 2017. Houston Mayor’s Grave Dilemma: Whether to Tell Residents to Stay or Go. - New York Times: A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vernos 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Greig and Travisano 2003, Vernos 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greig and Travisano 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Oppenheimer et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Journal of Botany
AbbreviationNord. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0107-055X
ISSN (online)1756-1051
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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