How to format your references using the Nordic Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nordic Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. 2000. US Geological Survey needs more resources, says draft report. - Nature 407: 933.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ma, Y. and Lin, C. 2013. Microbial oxidation of Fe2+ and pyrite exposed to flux of micromolar H₂O₂ in acidic media. - Sci. Rep. 3: 1979.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford, E. B. et al. 2001. Characterization of extrasolar terrestrial planets from diurnal photometric variability. - Nature 412: 885–887.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hetzel, R. et al. 2002. Low slip rates and long-term preservation of geomorphic features in Central Asia. - Nature 417: 428–432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marage, J.-P. and Mori, Y. 2013. Sonar and Underwater Acoustics. - John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
2015. Grounding Global Climate Change: Contributions from the Social and Cultural Sciences (H Greschke and J Tischler, Eds.). - Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
McBride, W. S. 2010. African-American Women, Power, and Freedom in the Contested Landscape of Camp Nelson, Kentucky. - In: Baugher, S. and Spencer-Wood, S. M. (eds), Archaeology and Preservation of Gendered Landscapes. Springer, pp. 95–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nordic Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2017. Organic Molecules Found On Giant Asteroid Ceres – Why That’s Such A Huge Deal. - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1971. Use of ADP Equipment Operated by Three or Four Typical Government Contractors.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zivkovic, O. 2010. Ternary nanomaterials: Synthesis by alkalide reduction and characterization.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. 2010. Scouting Report. - New York Times: E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fortin 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Csontos 2010, Grayson 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ma and Lin 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wild et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNordic Journal of Botany
AbbreviationNord. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0107-055X
ISSN (online)1756-1051
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles