How to format your references using the Documenta Ophthalmologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Documenta Ophthalmologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Friedman JM (2000) Obesity in the new millennium. Nature 404:632–634
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Khudiyev T, Bayindir M (2014) Superenhancers: novel opportunities for nanowire optoelectronics. Sci Rep 4:7505
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Huang S, Pollack HN, Shen PY (2000) Temperature trends over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures. Nature 403:756–758
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Barsbold R, Currie PJ, Myhrvold NP, et al (2000) A pygostyle from a non-avian theropod. Nature 403:155–156

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bragg SM (2013) Accounting Best Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
An edited book
1.
Harris H, Wijesinghe G, McKenzie S (2013) The Heart of the Good Institution: Virtue Ethics as a Framework for Responsible Management. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gautschi H, Gautschi D (2016) What Contexts Could Be? In: Gautschi D (ed) Technological Innovation and Economic Transformation: A Method for Contextual Analysis. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 121–155

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Documenta Ophthalmologica.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Hilarious Responses To Nobel Prize Winner Tim Hunt’s Sexist Comments. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/scientists-mock-nobel-prize-winner-tim-hunt-distractinglysexy-twitter/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1982) Army Needs Better Data To Develop Policies for Sole and Inservice Parents. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Nichols J (2012) Genetic and genomic mechanisms of neonatal hyperoxic lung injury in the inbred mouse. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J (2016) Cespedes Said to Accept Highest Salary in Mets History. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDocumenta Ophthalmologica
AbbreviationDoc. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0012-4486
ISSN (online)1573-2622
ScopeOphthalmology
Physiology (medical)
Sensory Systems

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