How to format your references using the Climate Change Responses citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Change Responses. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Marx J. ALZHEIMER’S CONGRESS: Drug Shows Promise for Advanced Disease. Science. 2000;289:375b–7b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Codelli JA, Reisman SE. Chemistry. Pactamycin made easy. Science. 2013;340:152–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lutz W, O’Neill BC, Scherbov S. Demographics. Europe’s population at a turning point. Science. 2003;299:1991–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Volfson D, Marciniak J, Blake WJ, Ostroff N, Tsimring LS, Hasty J. Origins of extrinsic variability in eukaryotic gene expression. Nature. 2006;439:861–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Norton L. How to Be a Global Nonprofit. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Bausch A, Schwenker B, editors. Handbook Utility Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Liu W, Fu B, Liu X, Jin Y. Numerical Calculation and Analysis of Influencing Factors on Waist Force of Armored Vehicle Driver. In: Long S, Dhillon BS, editors. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Man–Machine–Environment System Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 39–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Change Responses.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. World’s Biggest X-Ray Laser Shines Its First Light [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/worlds-biggest-xray-laser-shines-its-first-light/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Within-School Discrimination: Inadequate Title VI Enforcement by the Office for Civil Rights. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Jul. Report No.: HRD-91-85.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Keels D. An Analysis of the Correlation between Teacher Effectiveness and Student Standardized Test Scores [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. To Your Health. New York Times. 2009 Feb 22;NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Change Responses
AbbreviationClim. Chang. Responses
ISSN (online)2053-7565
Scope

Other styles