How to format your references using the Climate Change Responses citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Change Responses. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rocha B. Comment on “Thymic origin of intestinal alphabeta T cells revealed by fate mapping of RORgammat+ cells.” Science. 2005;308:1553; author reply 1553.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Simmons LW, Roberts B. Bacterial immunity traded for sperm viability in male crickets. Science. 2005;309:2031.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cerritelli SM, Chon H, Crouch RJ. Molecular biology. A new twist for topoisomerase. Science. 2011;332:1510–1.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ke A, Zhou K, Ding F, Cate JHD, Doudna JA. A conformational switch controls hepatitis delta virus ribozyme catalysis. Nature. 2004;429:201–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Price J. The Conscious Investor. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Gruba P. Blended Language Program Evaluation. Cárdenas-Claros MS, Suvorov R, Rick K, editors. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yitzhaki S, Schechtman E. The Lorenz Curve and the Concentration Curve. In: Schechtman E, editor. The Gini Methodology: A Primer on a Statistical Methodology. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Change Responses.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Discover A New Human Virus [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP Planning: Challenges at the U.S. Transportation Command. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-88-54.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Angervil G. Administrative Discretion in Public Policy Implementation: The Case of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Bernstein N. Medicaid Shift Fuels Rush for Profitable Clients. New York Times. 2014 May 9;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Change Responses
AbbreviationClim. Chang. Responses
ISSN (online)2053-7565

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