How to format your references using the Climate Change Responses citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Change Responses. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Baker M. Genomics: The search for association. Nature. 2010;467:1135–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schultz TF, Kay SA. Circadian clocks in daily and seasonal control of development. Science. 2003;301:326–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lee J, Park J, Choi C. Identification of phenotype deterministic genes using systemic analysis of transcriptional response. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4413.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Meng L, Zhang Y, Wan X, Li C, Zhang X, Wang Y, et al. Organic and solution-processed tandem solar cells with 17.3% efficiency. Science. 2018;361:1094–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bar-Eli M, Plessner H, Raab M. Judgement, Decision Making and Success in Sport. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Langhorne J, editor. Immunology and Immunopathogenesis of Malaria. 297th ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dechesne F, Dignum V, Tan Y-H. Understanding Compliance Differences between Legal and Social Norms: The Case of Smoking Ban. In: Dechesne F, Hattori H, Mors AT, Such JM, Weyns D, Dignum F, editors. Advanced Agent Technology: AAMAS 2011 Workshops, AMPLE, AOSE, ARMS, DOCM3AS, ITMAS, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2-6, 2011 Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 50–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Change Responses.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. SpaceX Might Perform A Daring Landing Of Its Massive New Rocket Later This Year [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Icing and Winter Weather-Related Recommendations That NTSB Has Issued Since 1996 (GAO-10-679SP), an E-supplement to (GAO-10-678). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Jul. Report No.: GAO-10-679SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lyngarkos B. Examination of the relative importance of website elements for users of manufacturers representative websites [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Fury at the Sounds of South Africa’s World Cup. New York Times. 2010 Jul 1;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Change Responses
AbbreviationClim. Chang. Responses
ISSN (online)2053-7565

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