How to format your references using the Nonlinear Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dodds, P.N.: Plant science. Genome evolution in plant pathogens. Science. 330, 1486–1487 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
de Graaf, J., Manna, L.: Materials science. A roadmap for the assembly of polyhedral particles. Science. 337, 417–418 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Maertens, G.N., Hare, S., Cherepanov, P.: The mechanism of retroviral integration from X-ray structures of its key intermediates. Nature. 468, 326–329 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Radu, I.P., Miller, J.B., Marcus, C.M., Kastner, M.A., Pfeiffer, L.N., West, K.W.: Quasi-particle properties from tunneling in the v = 5/2 fractional quantum Hall state. Science. 320, 899–902 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hartley, J.: Digital Futures for Cultural and Media Studies. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Hajek, A.E., Glare, T.R., O’Callaghan, M. eds: Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Bo, L., Evangelou, N., Tallantyre, E.: The Neuropathology of Progressive Multiple Sclerosis. In: Wilkins, A. (ed.) Progressive Multiple Sclerosis. pp. 51–70. Springer, London (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Dynamics.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Scientists Create Amazing 3D Cast Of Renowned Philosopher’s Brain


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: No Child Left Behind Act: Assistance from Education Could Help States Better Measure Progress of Students with Limited English Proficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lamanna, S.G.: Colombian Spanish in North Carolina: The role of language and dialect contact in the formation of a new variety of U.S. Spanish, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: Suffolk Bill Focuses On Day Laborers, (2007)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Dynamics
AbbreviationNonlinear Dyn.
ISSN (print)0924-090X
ISSN (online)1573-269X
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Ocean Engineering
Applied Mathematics

Other styles