How to format your references using the Nonlinear Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hens, Z.: NANOMATERIALS. Economical routes to colloidal nanocrystals. Science. 348, 1211–1212 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Sander, P.M., Clauss, M.: Paleontology. Sauropod gigantism. Science. 322, 200–201 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lammert, E., Cleaver, O., Melton, D.: Induction of pancreatic differentiation by signals from blood vessels. Science. 294, 564–567 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liutkus, A., Martina, D., Popoff, S., Chardon, G., Katz, O., Lerosey, G., Gigan, S., Daudet, L., Carron, I.: Imaging with nature: compressive imaging using a multiply scattering medium. Sci. Rep. 4, 5552 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight, J.G., Foote, R.: Ethics in Science and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Stella, V.J., Borchardt, R.T., Hageman, M.J., Oliyai, R., Maag, H., Tilley, J.W. eds: Prodrugs: Challenges and Rewards Part 1. Springer, New York, NY (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Moon, H., Kim, C.-J. “cj”: Electrowetting: Thermodynamic Foundation and Application to Microdevices. In: Hardt, S. and Schönfeld, F. (eds.) Microfluidic Technologies for Miniaturized Analysis Systems. pp. 203–239. Springer US, Boston, MA (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Ebola Claims Lives of Five Study Co-Authors Before Paper Is Published


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: DOD Business Systems Modernization: Billions Being Invested without Adequate Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2005)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Capelli, A.M.: The (Un)Balanced Canon: Re-Visioning Feminist Conceptions of Madness and Transgression, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B.: Pink’s Latest Album Tops Billboard Chart, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Dynamics
AbbreviationNonlinear Dyn.
ISSN (print)0924-090X
ISSN (online)1573-269X
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Ocean Engineering
Applied Mathematics

Other styles