How to format your references using the Nonlinear Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, Q.: China’s citizens must act to save their environment. Nature. 497, 159 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewenstein, M., Sanpera, A.: Physics. Probing quantum magnetism with cold atoms. Science. 319, 292–293 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Vasudevan, S., Tong, Y., Steitz, J.A.: Switching from repression to activation: microRNAs can up-regulate translation. Science. 318, 1931–1934 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, T., Chang, C.-Y., Jin, D.-Y., Lin, P.-J., Khvorova, A., Stafford, D.W.: Identification of the gene for vitamin K epoxide reductase. Nature. 427, 541–544 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCrary, S.A.: Mastering Corporate Finance Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
Vermeulen, B.: Debugging Systems-on-Chip: Communication-centric and Abstraction-based Techniques. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Brouquet, A., Andreou, A., Shindoh, J., Vauthey, J.-N.: Methods to Improve Resectability of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. In: Vauthey, J.-N. and Brouquet, A. (eds.) Multidisciplinary Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. pp. 57–67. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Dynamics.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Sharks Keep Attacking Google’s Deep-Ocean Internet Cables,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Essential Air Service: Changes in Subsidy Levels, Air Carrier Costs, and Passenger Traffic. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2000)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung, D.: Health Information Infrastructure: Flows and Frictions, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: At Museum Shops, Unusual Selections, (2005)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Dynamics
AbbreviationNonlinear Dyn.
ISSN (print)0924-090X
ISSN (online)1573-269X
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Ocean Engineering
Applied Mathematics

Other styles