How to format your references using the Journal of Controlled Release citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Controlled Release. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Estrada-Oyuela, Copenhagen needs a strong lead negotiator, Nature. 461 (2009) 1056–1057.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.C. García-Bellido, D.H. Collins, Moulting arthropod caught in the act, Nature. 429 (2004) 40.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.M. Scholey, I. Brust-Mascher, A. Mogilner, Cell division, Nature. 422 (2003) 746–752.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Le Goff, V. Artero, B. Jousselme, P.D. Tran, N. Guillet, R. Métayé, A. Fihri, S. Palacin, M. Fontecave, From hydrogenases to noble metal-free catalytic nanomaterials for H2 production and uptake, Science. 326 (2009) 1384–1387.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Nógrádi, Stereoselective Synthesis, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany, 2007.
An edited book
J.L. Hunt, ed., Molecular Pathology of Endocrine Diseases, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Bandyopadhyay, F. Deepak, K.-S. Kim, An Improvement in Performance of Input-Delay System Using Nonlinear Sliding Surface, in: F. Deepak, K.-S. Kim (Eds.), Sliding Mode Control Using Novel Sliding Surfaces, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 65–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Controlled Release.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Peculiar Ancient Marine Reptile Reveals Life Evolved Rapidly After 'Great Dying” Apocalypse, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NASA Must Reconsider Operations Pricing Policy To Compensate for Cost Growth on the Space Transportation System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Bartenhagen, Transitioning organizations for sustainability: Exploring the intersection of sustainability, worldview, and organization development, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, Making Dystopia Fresh Again, New York Times. (2017) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Controlled Release
AbbreviationJ. Control. Release
ISSN (print)0168-3659
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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