How to format your references using the Journal of Controlled Release citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Controlled Release. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Bollen, Cell cycle: It takes three to find the exit, Nature. 517 (2015) 29–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Watrin, J.-M. Peters, Molecular biology. How and when the genome sticks together, Science. 317 (2007) 209–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.D. Green, J.D. Watson, F.S. Collins, Human Genome Project: Twenty-five years of big biology, Nature. 526 (2015) 29–31.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Liu, H.-G. Jung, S.-O. Kim, H.-S. Choi, S. Lee, J.H. Moon, J.K. Lee, Silicon/copper dome-patterned electrodes for high-performance hybrid supercapacitors, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3183.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Trayed and Packed Columns, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
G. Engels, C. Lewerentz, W. Schäfer, A. Schürr, B. Westfechtel, eds., Graph Transformations and Model-Driven Engineering: Essays Dedicated to Manfred Nagl on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Amorim, P.L. Moseley, Heat Shock Protein and Inflammation, in: A.A.A. Asea, B.K. Pedersen (Eds.), Heat Shock Proteins and Whole Body Physiology, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010: pp. 57–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Controlled Release.

Blog post
S. Luntz, How Black Holes Destroy Star Formation, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, FCC: Unlicensed NII Devices in the 5 GHz Frequency Range, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Colchero Dorado, Recovering memory in Jordi Soler’s “Los rojos de ultramar,” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, New Plan Approved for Kings Park Property, New York Times. (2007) 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Controlled Release
AbbreviationJ. Control. Release
ISSN (print)0168-3659
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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