How to format your references using the Journal of Controlled Release citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Controlled Release. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.K. Amaravadi, Cancer. Autophagy in tumor immunity, Science. 334 (2011) 1501–1502.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.T. Bolton, H.M. Stoll, Late Miocene threshold response of marine algae to carbon dioxide limitation, Nature. 500 (2013) 558–562.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.S. Shepherd, M.J. Claussen, S.E. Kurtz, Evidence for a solar system-size accretion disk around the massive protostar G192.16-3.82, Science. 292 (2001) 1513–1518.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Corso, W. Auwärter, M. Muntwiler, A. Tamai, T. Greber, J. Osterwalder, Boron nitride nanomesh, Science. 303 (2004) 217–220.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, Guidelines for Chemical Transportation Safety, Security, and Risk Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
I. Cheltsov, C. Ciliberto, H. Flenner, J. McKernan, Y.G. Prokhorov, M. Zaidenberg, eds., Automorphisms in Birational and Affine Geometry: Levico Terme, Italy, October 2012, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Ratnadass, É. Blanchart, P. Lecomte, Ecological Interactions Within the Biodiversity of Cultivated Systems, in: É. Hainzelin (Ed.), Cultivating Biodiversity to Transform Agriculture, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013: pp. 141–179.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Controlled Release.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Pollution In The Arctic Is So Bad, Polar Bear Cubs Are Feeding On Contaminated Mothers’ Milk, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Higher Education: Restructuring Student Aid Could Reduce Low-Income Student Dropout Rate, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Espinoza, Understanding help-seeking behavior among at-risk Latino male high school students, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, In Yanks-Phillies Rivalry, a Wife May Have Been the Key Player, New York Times. (2011) SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Controlled Release
AbbreviationJ. Control. Release
ISSN (print)0168-3659
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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