How to format your references using the Economics of Innovation and New Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Innovation and New Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Calegari, Federico. 2014. “Neurodevelopment. Tossed out to Save the Masses.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6215): 1298–1299.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shao, Zongping, and Sossina M. Haile. 2004. “A High-Performance Cathode for the next Generation of Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells.” Nature 431 (7005): 170–173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stanger, Ben Z., Akemi J. Tanaka, and Douglas A. Melton. 2007. “Organ Size Is Limited by the Number of Embryonic Progenitor Cells in the Pancreas but Not the Liver.” Nature 445 (7130): 886–891.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Colman-Lerner, Alejandro, Andrew Gordon, Eduard Serra, Tina Chin, Orna Resnekov, Drew Endy, C. Gustavo Pesce, and Roger Brent. 2005. “Regulated Cell-to-Cell Variation in a Cell-Fate Decision System.” Nature 437 (7059): 699–706.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cavalla, David. 2015. Off-Label Prescribing - Justifying Unapproved Medicine. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zhang, Yu-Jin, ed. 2015. Image and Graphics: 8th International Conference, ICIG 2015, Tianjin, China, August 13-16, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. 1st ed. 2015. Vol. 9218. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, Lu Pien, and Tin Lam Toh. 2015. “Mathematical Problem-Solving Using Real-World Problems.” In Authentic Problem Solving and Learning in the 21st Century: Perspectives from Singapore and Beyond, edited by Young Hoan Cho, Imelda S. Caleon, and Manu Kapur, 57–71. Education Innovation Series. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Innovation and New Technology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2017. “NASA’s Mission To Europa Now Has An Official Name.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Emergency Alerting: Capabilities Have Improved, but Additional Guidance and Testing Are Needed. GAO-13-375. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant, Terrence Lamar. 2017. “The Influence of High School Preparation on Black Male Students’ Ability to Succeed at the Post-Secondary Level.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casey, Nicholas. 2017. “Peace Is New Test for Colombian Coca Farmers.” New York Times, July 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Calegari 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Calegari 2014; Shao and Haile 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shao and Haile 2004)
  • Three authors: (Stanger, Tanaka, and Melton 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Colman-Lerner et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Innovation and New Technology
AbbreviationEcon. Innov. New Technol.
ISSN (print)1043-8599
ISSN (online)1476-8364
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles