How to format your references using the Economics of Innovation and New Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Innovation and New Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DePinho, R. A. 2000. “The Age of Cancer.” Nature 408 (6809): 248–254.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koch, C., and F. Crick. 2001. “The Zombie Within.” Nature 411 (6840): 893.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gong, Ying, Chunhui Mo, and Scott E. Fraser. 2004. “Planar Cell Polarity Signalling Controls Cell Division Orientation during Zebrafish Gastrulation.” Nature 430 (7000): 689–693.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Hongbin, Jiandong Yao, Jianmei Shao, Hai Li, Shuwei Li, Dinghua Bao, Chengxin Wang, and Guowei Yang. 2014. “Anomalous Photoelectric Effect of a Polycrystalline Topological Insulator Film.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5876.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camman, Christelle, Claude Fiore, Laurent Livolsi, and Pascal Querro. 2017. Supply Chain Management and Business Performance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pequegnat, Willo, and Carl C. Bell, eds. 2012. Family and HIV/AIDS: Cultural and Contextual Issues in Prevention and Treatment. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, Kisu, Won-Hyuk Lee, Ki-Sung Yu, Jae-Yong Lee, Seongjin Ahn, and Jin-Wook Chung. 2008. “Recovery Schemes for Fast Fault Recovery on GMPLS Network.” In Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2008: International Conference, Perugia, Italy, June 30– July 3, 2008, Proceedings, Part II, edited by Osvaldo Gervasi, Beniamino Murgante, Antonio Laganà, David Taniar, Youngsong Mun, and Marina L. Gavrilova, 43–55. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Innovation and New Technology.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2017. “Megalodon Shark May Have Died Out Because It Refused To Pick On Someone Its Own Size.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Continued Investment in Key Accounting Systems Needs to Be Justified. GAO-03-465. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell, Venessa M. 2014. “A Phenomenological Study Factors African American Female College Students Face Participating in Engineering STEM Majors.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John. 2016. “400.” New York Times, October 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DePinho 2000).
This sentence cites two references (DePinho 2000; Koch and Crick 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koch and Crick 2001)
  • Three authors: (Gong, Mo, and Fraser 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Innovation and New Technology
AbbreviationEcon. Innov. New Technol.
ISSN (print)1043-8599
ISSN (online)1476-8364
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles