How to format your references using the Economics of Innovation and New Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Innovation and New Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, Xiaoyu. 2014. “Plant Science. Delayed Gratification--Waiting to Terminate Stem Cell Identity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6170): 498–499.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trost, Barry M., and Guangbin Dong. 2008. “Total Synthesis of Bryostatin 16 Using Atom-Economical and Chemoselective Approaches.” Nature 456 (7221): 485–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bernevig, B. Andrei, Taylor L. Hughes, and Shou-Cheng Zhang. 2006. “Quantum Spin Hall Effect and Topological Phase Transition in HgTe Quantum Wells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5806): 1757–1761.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Schalch, Thomas, Sylwia Duda, David F. Sargent, and Timothy J. Richmond. 2005. “X-Ray Structure of a Tetranucleosome and Its Implications for the Chromatin Fibre.” Nature 436 (7047): 138–141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brunet, Roger. 2013. Sustainable Geography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lakshmanan, Valliappa, Eric Gilleland, Amy McGovern, and Martin Tingley, eds. 2015. Machine Learning and Data Mining Approaches to Climate Science: Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Climate Informatics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Carneiro, Pedro, James J. Heckman, and Dimitriy V. Masterov. 2005. “Understanding the Sources of Ethnic and Racial Wage Gaps and Their Implications for Policy.” In Handbook of Employment Discrimination Research: Rights and Realities, edited by Laura Beth Nielsen and Robert L. Nelson, 99–136. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Innovation and New Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Genetic Target May Prevent Weight Gain on High Sugar Diet.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Air Force F-22 Embedded Computers. AIMD-94-177R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Englebrecht, Karol Meza. 2012. “Healing the Invisible Wounds: A Grant Proposal for Female Veterans Suffering from PTSD.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2017. “Delightful in Their Depravity.” New York Times, June 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Zhang 2014; Trost and Dong 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trost and Dong 2008)
  • Three authors: (Bernevig, Hughes, and Zhang 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Schalch et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Innovation and New Technology
AbbreviationEcon. Innov. New Technol.
ISSN (print)1043-8599
ISSN (online)1476-8364
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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