How to format your references using the Economics of Innovation and New Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Innovation and New Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pearson, Paul N. 2010. “Paleoclimate. Increased Atmospheric CO₂ during the Middle Eocene.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6005): 763–764.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lionetti, Davide, and Theodor Agapie. 2014. “Inorganic Chemistry: How Calcium Affects Oxygen Formation.” Nature 513 (7519): 495–496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nuttall, William J., Richard H. Clarke, and Bartek A. Glowacki. 2012. “Resources: Stop Squandering Helium.” Nature 485 (7400): 573–575.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Riha, K., T. D. McKnight, L. R. Griffing, and D. E. Shippen. 2001. “Living with Genome Instability: Plant Responses to Telomere Dysfunction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5509): 1797–1800.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe, W. Brian. 2010. Modern Grinding Techniques. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hardiman, Orla, and Colin P. Doherty, eds. 2011. Neurodegenerative Disorders: A Clinical Guide. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Edwards, Anthony C., Robin L. Walker, Phillip Maskell, Christine A. Watson, Robert M. Rees, Elizabeth A. Stockdale, and Oliver G. G. Knox. 2010. “Improving Bioavailability of Phosphate Rock for Organic Farming.” In Genetic Engineering, Biofertilisation, Soil Quality and Organic Farming, edited by Eric Lichtfouse, 99–117. Sustainable Agriculture Reviews. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Innovation and New Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2017. “We Created A Song That Makes Babies Happy.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Transportation Infrastructure: Department of Transportation Highway and Mass Transit Program Reauthorization Proposals. T-RCED-91-26. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desam, Jayasimha Reddy. 2017. “Effective Nodal Placement in Overlay Networks Using Complexity Theory.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. 2000. “Powell Leads Syracuse; Princeton Survives.” New York Times, May 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pearson 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Pearson 2010; Lionetti and Agapie 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lionetti and Agapie 2014)
  • Three authors: (Nuttall, Clarke, and Glowacki 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Riha et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Innovation and New Technology
AbbreviationEcon. Innov. New Technol.
ISSN (print)1043-8599
ISSN (online)1476-8364
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles