How to format your references using the Economics of Innovation and New Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Innovation and New Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flowers, Jeff. 2004. “The Route to Atomic and Quantum Standards.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5700): 1324–1330.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, R. C., and V. Ambros. 2001. “An Extensive Class of Small RNAs in Caenorhabditis Elegans.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5543): 862–864.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raj, K., P. Ogston, and P. Beard. 2001. “Virus-Mediated Killing of Cells That Lack P53 Activity.” Nature 412 (6850): 914–917.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jennerjahn, Tim C., Venugopalan Ittekkot, Helge W. Arz, Hermann Behling, Jürgen Pätzold, and Gerold Wefer. 2004. “Asynchronous Terrestrial and Marine Signals of Climate Change during Heinrich Events.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5705): 2236–2239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Niles, John D. 2016. Old English Literature. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Camina, Alan. 2011. An Introduction to Enumeration. Edited by Barry Lewis. Springer Undergraduate Mathematics Series. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nuutila, Esko, Seppo Törmä, Päivi Kinnunen, and Lauri Malmi. 2008. “Learning Programming with the PBL Method — Experiences on PBL Cases and Tutoring.” In Reflections on the Teaching of Programming: Methods and Implementations, edited by Jens Bennedsen, Michael E. Caspersen, and Michael Kölling, 47–67. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Innovation and New Technology.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “Owl-Inspired Tech Could Make Wind Turbines Quieter.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. TV Marti: Costs and Compliance With Broadcast Standards and International Agreements. NSIAD-92-199. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman, Eric D. 2014. “The Nature of Leadership: A Case Study of Distributed Leadership Amidst A Participative Change Effort.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 1998. “With a New Western Arrival, Moscow Rocks.” New York Times, November 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Flowers 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Flowers 2004; Lee and Ambros 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Ambros 2001)
  • Three authors: (Raj, Ogston, and Beard 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Jennerjahn et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Innovation and New Technology
AbbreviationEcon. Innov. New Technol.
ISSN (print)1043-8599
ISSN (online)1476-8364
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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