How to format your references using the Economics of Innovation and New Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Innovation and New Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bard, E. 2001. “Paleoclimate. Extending the Calibrated Radiocarbon Record.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5526): 2443–2444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buskirk, Allen R., and Rachel Green. 2013. “Biochemistry. Getting Past Polyproline Pauses.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6115): 38–39.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thürmer, Konrad, Ellen Williams, and Janice Reutt-Robey. 2002. “Autocatalytic Oxidation of Lead Crystallite Surfaces.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5589): 2033–2035.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Anderson, Travis M., Wade A. Neiwert, Martin L. Kirk, Paula M. B. Piccoli, Arthur J. Schultz, Thomas F. Koetzle, Djamaladdin G. Musaev, Keiji Morokuma, Rui Cao, and Craig L. Hill. 2004. “A Late-Transition Metal Oxo Complex: K7Na9[O=PtIV(H2O)L2], L = [PW9O34]9-.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5704): 2074–2077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Remy, Jean-Gabriel, and Charlotte Letamendia. 2014. LTE Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Borchers, Hans-Jürgen. 2006. Mathematical Implications of Einstein-Weyl Causality. Edited by Rathindra Nath Sen. Vol. 709. Lecture Notes in Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bockus, Neil F. 2015. “Cyber in Space: 2035.” In Evolution of Cyber Technologies and Operations to 2035, edited by Misty Blowers, 39–57. Advances in Information Security. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Innovation and New Technology.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2016. “Have Chinese Skeletons Been Found In A Roman-Era London Grave?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. November 1988 Internet Computer Virus and the Vulnerability of National Telecommunications Networks to Computer Viruses. T-IMTEC-89-10. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hudson, Nicholas. 2017. “Undocumented Latino Student Activists’ Funds of Knowledge: Transforming Social Movements.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, Ben. 2016. “Kerber Loses Final and Bid for No. 1 Spot.” New York Times, August 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bard 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bard 2001; Buskirk and Green 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buskirk and Green 2013)
  • Three authors: (Thürmer, Williams, and Reutt-Robey 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Anderson et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Innovation and New Technology
AbbreviationEcon. Innov. New Technol.
ISSN (print)1043-8599
ISSN (online)1476-8364
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles