How to format your references using the Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Putnis, A.: Materials science. Why mineral interfaces matter. Science. 343, 1441–1442 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Daily, G.C., Walker, B.H.: Seeking the great transition. Nature. 403, 243–245 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Truckses, D.M., Garrenton, L.S., Thorner, J.: Jekyll and Hyde in the microbial world. Science. 306, 1509–1511 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Higgins, D.A., Pomianek, M.E., Kraml, C.M., Taylor, R.K., Semmelhack, M.F., Bassler, B.L.: The major Vibrio cholerae autoinducer and its role in virulence factor production. Nature. 450, 883–886 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larose, D.T.: Data Mining Methods and Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Leuchtag, H.R. ed: Voltage-Sensitive Ion Channels: Biophysics of Molecular Excitability. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Yu, W.H., Yang, Y., Park, K.N., Lim, H.: Sentiment-Property Extraction Using Korean Syntactic Features. In: Park, J.J. (jong H., Leung, V.C.M., Wang, C.-L., and Shon, T. (eds.) Future Information Technology, Application, and Service: FutureTech 2012 Volume 2. pp. 23–30. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: 3D “Semantic Atlas” Of The Brain Reveals How We All Give Meaning To Words,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Update of Economic Analysis of Impact Aid Program Reflecting the Educational Amendments of 1974. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang, N.: Computational Studies on Biomolecular Diffusion and Electrostatics, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A.: Educator Recounts ‘Painful Experience’ of Halloween Email Furor at Yale, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA
AbbreviationNoDEA Nonlinear Differential Equations Appl.
ISSN (print)1021-9722
ISSN (online)1420-9004
Applied Mathematics

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