How to format your references using the Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nordstrom, D.K.: Public health. Worldwide occurrences of arsenic in ground water. Science. 296, 2143–2145 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hayashi, T., Carthew, R.W.: Surface mechanics mediate pattern formation in the developing retina. Nature. 431, 647–652 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gibbs, K.A., Urbanowski, M.L., Greenberg, E.P.: Genetic determinants of self identity and social recognition in bacteria. Science. 321, 256–259 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lambert, D.M., Ritchie, P.A., Millar, C.D., Holland, B., Drummond, A.J., Baroni, C.: Rates of evolution in ancient DNA from Adélie penguins. Science. 295, 2270–2273 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCrary, S.A.: Mastering Financial Accounting Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2009)
An edited book
Byham-Gray, L.D., Burrowes, J.D., Chertow, G.M. eds: Nutrition in Kidney Disease. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Lozovanu, D., Pickl, S.: Dynamic Programming Algorithms for Finite Horizon Control Problems and Markov Decision Processes. In: Pickl, S. (ed.) Optimization of Stochastic Discrete Systems and Control on Complex Networks: Computational Networks. pp. 341–388. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Watch A Zebrafish Brain As It Thinks And Moves,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Aviation Administration: Agency Is Taking Steps to Plan for and Train Its Technician Workforce, but a More Strategic Approach Is Warranted. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2010)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newcomb, S.: Reliability of the CVI range: A functional vision assessment for children with cortical visual impairment, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S.M.: Farm to Blanket, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA
AbbreviationNoDEA Nonlinear Differential Equations Appl.
ISSN (print)1021-9722
ISSN (online)1420-9004
Applied Mathematics

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