How to format your references using the Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Madariaga, R.: Geophysics. Slippery when hot. Science. 316, 842–843 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, Q., Bachtrog, D.: Sex-specific adaptation drives early sex chromosome evolution in Drosophila. Science. 337, 341–345 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Karnath, H.O., Ferber, S., Himmelbach, M.: Spatial awareness is a function of the temporal not the posterior parietal lobe. Nature. 411, 950–953 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lassagne, B., Tarakanov, Y., Kinaret, J., Garcia-Sanchez, D., Garcia-Sanchez, D., Bachtold, A.: Coupling mechanics to charge transport in carbon nanotube mechanical resonators. Science. 325, 1107–1110 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zauderer, E.: Partial Differential Equations of Applied Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2006)
An edited book
Gendler, R. ed: Lessons from the Masters: Current Concepts in Astronomical Image Processing. Springer, New York, NY (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Sparano, A., Barbato, G.: Aorta toracica e tronchi sovraortici. In: Romano, L., Fulciniti, S., and Silva, M. (eds.) Anatomia TC multidetettore — Body. pp. 23–27. Springer, Milano (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Take An Interactive Tour Through The Largest Cave In The World,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The Fight Against Infant Mortality. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jorge, M.H.: Relationships Among Poverty, Financial Services, Human Capital, Risk Coping, and Natural Resources: Evidence from El Salvador and Bolivia, (2004)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K.: City Is to Build the Largest DNA Lab, for a Grim Task, (2001)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA
AbbreviationNoDEA Nonlinear Differential Equations Appl.
ISSN (print)1021-9722
ISSN (online)1420-9004
Applied Mathematics

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