How to format your references using the Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angel, R.: Future optical and infrared telescopes. Nature. 409, 427–430 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Boles, M.A., Talapin, D.V.: Chemistry. Connecting the dots. Science. 344, 1340–1341 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Faller, M., Niederweis, M., Schulz, G.E.: The structure of a mycobacterial outer-membrane channel. Science. 303, 1189–1192 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cobo, I., Martinelli, P., Flández, M., Bakiri, L., Zhang, M., Carrillo-de-Santa-Pau, E., Jia, J., Sánchez-Arévalo Lobo, V.J., Megías, D., Felipe, I., Del Pozo, N., Millán, I., Thommesen, L., Bruland, T., Olson, S.H., Smith, J., Schoonjans, K., Bamlet, W.R., Petersen, G.M., Malats, N., Amundadottir, L.T., Wagner, E.F., Real, F.X.: Transcriptional regulation by NR5A2 links differentiation and inflammation in the pancreas. Nature. 554, 533–537 (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Storey, I.C., Allan, A.: A Guide to Ancient Greek Drama. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK (2008)
An edited book
Herrera, F.: Multilabel Classification: Problem Analysis, Metrics and Techniques. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Tsimbalyuk, V., Zinkovskii, A., Gnesin, V., Rzadkowski, R., Sokolowski, J.: EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF 2D PALISADE FLUTTER FOR THE HARMONIC OSCILLATIONS. In: Hall, K.C., Kielb, R.E., and Thomas, J.P. (eds.) UNSTEADY AERODYNAMICS, AEROACOUSTICS AND AEROELASTICITY OF TURBOMACHINES. pp. 53–63. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Earth-Sized Radio Telescope Spies A Star Falling Into Black Hole,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: High Speed Passenger Rail: Future Development Will Depend on Addressing Financial and Other Challenges and Establishing a Clear Federal Role. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crowley, C.J.: A critical analysis of the CELF-4: The responsible clinician’s guide to the CELF-4, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Packer, G.: Revolutionary Roads, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA
AbbreviationNoDEA Nonlinear Differential Equations Appl.
ISSN (print)1021-9722
ISSN (online)1420-9004
Applied Mathematics

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