How to format your references using the Journal of Risk and Financial Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Risk and Financial Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
O’Neill, L.A.J. Biochemistry: succinate strikes. Nature 2014, 515, 350–351.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Deeks, S.G.; Barré-Sinoussi, F. Public health: Towards a cure for HIV. Nature 2012, 487, 293–294.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Prins, M.W.; Welters, W.J.; Weekamp, J.W. Fluid control in multichannel structures by electrocapillary pressure. Science 2001, 291, 277–280.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Alper, H.; Moxley, J.; Nevoigt, E.; Fink, G.R.; Stephanopoulos, G. Engineering yeast transcription machinery for improved ethanol tolerance and production. Science 2006, 314, 1565–1568.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Shynk, J.J. Mathematical Foundations for Linear Circuits and Systems in Engineering; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2016; ISBN 9781119073444.
An edited book
1.
Digital Systems for Open Access to Formal and Informal Learning; Sampson, D.G., Ifenthaler, D., Spector, J.M., Isaias, P., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; ISBN 9783319022635.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jensen, K. Pitch Gestures in Generative Modeling of Music. In Exploring Music Contents: 7th International Symposium, CMMR 2010, Málaga, Spain, June 21-24, 2010. Revised Papers; Ystad, S., Aramaki, M., Kronland-Martinet, R., Jensen, K., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp. 51–59 ISBN 9783642231254.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Risk and Financial Management.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton, K. Masked Hypertension Is A Silent Killer – We Must Do More To Detect It Available online: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/masked-hypertension-is-a-silent-killer-we-must-do-more-to-detect-it/ (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office Truck Safety: Information on Driver Training; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Schwartz, K.A. Dynamics of Teacher Self-Efficacy: Middle School Reading and Language Arts Teacher Responses on a Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida: Tampa, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg, B. Alina. New York Times 2017, C11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Risk and Financial Management
AbbreviationJ. Risk Fin. Manag.
ISSN (online)1911-8074
Scope

Other styles