How to format your references using the Non-Coding RNA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Non-Coding RNA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Banks, M. Seeking a PhD abroad. Nature 2007, 445, 680.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gomberg, J.; Johnson, P. Seismology: dynamic triggering of earthquakes. Nature 2005, 437, 830.
A journal article with 3 authors
Le Mée, L.; Girardeau, J.; Monnier, C. Mantle segmentation along the Oman ophiolite fossil mid-ocean ridge. Nature 2004, 432, 167–172.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gamezo, V.N.; Khokhlov, A.M.; Oran, E.S.; Chtchelkanova, A.Y.; Rosenberg, R.O. Thermonuclear supernovae: simulations of the deflagration stage and their implications. Science 2003, 299, 77–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birinyi, L. The Master Trader; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013; ISBN 9781118774946.
An edited book
Anthropogenic Geomorphology: A Guide to Man-Made Landforms; Szabó, J., Dávid, L., Lóczy, D., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2010; ISBN 9789048130573.
A chapter in an edited book
Hawkes, D.; Kennell, J.; Booth, P.; Abson, E. The Impact of Motivation Factors on Spending at a Public Sector Festivals Programme. In Impact Assessment in Tourism Economics; Matias, Á., Nijkamp, P., Romão, J., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 67–80 ISBN 9783319149196.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Non-Coding RNA.

Blog post
Andrew, E. What Does The World Look Like For Someone With A Bionic Eye? (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Teacher Quality: Sustained Coordination among Key Federal Education Programs Could Enhance State Efforts to Improve Teacher Quality; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, K. Development of a facility-specific dietary training program for diet technicians. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. A Potluck of Anxiety as a Family Gathers in an Election Season. New York Times 2016, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNon-Coding RNA
AbbreviationNoncoding RNA
ISSN (online)2311-553X

Other styles