How to format your references using the Non-Coding RNA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Non-Coding RNA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCann, K. Protecting Biostructure. Nature 2007, 446, 29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kruglyak, L.; Stern, D.L. Evolution. An Embarrassment of Switches. Science 2007, 317, 758–759.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lepper, C.; Conway, S.J.; Fan, C.-M. Adult Satellite Cells and Embryonic Muscle Progenitors Have Distinct Genetic Requirements. Nature 2009, 460, 627–631.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dong, S.; Liu, G.; Hu, J.; Zheng, M. Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans Formed from Sucralose at High Temperatures. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2946.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Unmehopa, M.; Vemuri, K.; Bennett, A. Parlay/OSA; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006; ISBN 9780470028247.
An edited book
Fracture of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures: Proceedings of the 16th European Conference of Fracture, Alexandroupolis, Greece, July 3–7, 2006; Gdoutos, E.E., Ed.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2006; ISBN 9781402049712.
A chapter in an edited book
Hemming, D.; Agnew, M.D.; Goodess, C.M.; Giannakopoulos, C.; Salem, S.B.; Bindi, M.; Bradai, M.N.; Congedi, L.; Dibari, C.; El-Askary, H.; et al. Climate Impact Assessments. In Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean: Volume 3: Case Studies; Navarra, A., Tubiana, L., Eds.; Advances in Global Change Research; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp. 61–104 ISBN 9789400757684.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Non-Coding RNA.

Blog post
Hale, T. Drones Capture Stunning Images Of Orca Pod (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office High Speed Passenger Rail: Future Development Will Depend on Addressing Financial and Other Challenges and Establishing a Clear Federal Role; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fine, J.G. Magical Transformation or Illusion of Grandeur: The Development of Downtown West Palm Beach, 1985-2015. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University: Boca Raton, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. Gifted Frenemies, Egging Each Other on to Greatness. New York Times 2016, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNon-Coding RNA
AbbreviationNoncoding RNA
ISSN (online)2311-553X

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