How to format your references using the Non-Coding RNA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Non-Coding RNA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirchman, D. Journal Club. A Microbial Ecologist Learns Something New from an Old-Fashioned Study. Nature 2009, 459, 13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Short, J.; Murray, S. A Frozen Hell. Nature 2011, 472, 162–163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Borsa, A.A.; Agnew, D.C.; Cayan, D.R. Remote Hydrology. Ongoing Drought-Induced Uplift in the Western United States. Science 2014, 345, 1587–1590.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Johnnidis, J.B.; Harris, M.H.; Wheeler, R.T.; Stehling-Sun, S.; Lam, M.H.; Kirak, O.; Brummelkamp, T.R.; Fleming, M.D.; Camargo, F.D. Regulation of Progenitor Cell Proliferation and Granulocyte Function by MicroRNA-223. Nature 2008, 451, 1125–1129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Free, M.L. CBT and Christianity; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015; ISBN 9781118330098.
An edited book
The Emerging Physics of Consciousness; Tuszynski, J.A., Ed.; The Frontiers Collection; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; ISBN 9783540238904.
A chapter in an edited book
Perner, A.; Pedersen, U.G. Diagnosing Hypovolemia in Critically III Patients. In Intensive Care Medicine; Vincent, J.-L., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2010; pp. 39–45 ISBN 9781441955616.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Non-Coding RNA.

Blog post
Hale, T. The American Museum Of Natural History Cuts Financial Ties To Fossil Fuel Industry Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Transportation Worker Identification Credential: Card Reader Pilot Results Are Unreliable; Security Benefits Need to Be Reassessed; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2013;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nersessian, N. Modified Gravity with Scale Invariance and Implications. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R. Fond Paean Kicks Off a High-Profile Run. New York Times 2016, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNon-Coding RNA
AbbreviationNoncoding RNA
ISSN (online)2311-553X

Other styles