How to format your references using the Oncology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncology Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Webster RG: Virology. A molecular whodunit. Science 293: 1773–1775, 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nash JD and Moum JN: River plumes as a source of large-amplitude internal waves in the coastal ocean. Nature 437: 400–403, 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Jankowski P, McKellar ARW and Szalewicz K: Theory untangles the high-resolution infrared spectrum of the ortho-H2-CO van der Waals complex. Science 336: 1147–1150, 2012.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1.
Brennecke J, Malone CD, Aravin AA, Sachidanandam R, Stark A and Hannon GJ: An epigenetic role for maternally inherited piRNAs in transposon silencing. Science 322: 1387–1392, 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Smaini L: RF Analog Impairments Modeling for Communication Systems Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
1.
Arge L, Cachin C, Jurdziński T and Tarlecki A: Automata, Languages and Programming: 34th International Colloquium, ICALP 2007, Wrocław, Poland, July 9-13, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Queralt J: A Human Right to Financial Inclusion. In: Ethical Issues in Poverty Alleviation. Gaisbauer HP, Schweiger G and Sedmak C (eds.) Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp77–92, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncology Letters.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J: Virgin Galactic Flies Its New Space Plane Freely For The First Time. IFLScience, 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Space Transportation: Challenges Facing NASA’s Space Launch Initiative. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cannon CA: Comparison of language arts scores between computerized and teacher differentiation of instruction., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hanc J: Ideas and Goals, Yes. Walls, No. New York Times: F42, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleOncology Letters
AbbreviationOncol. Lett.
ISSN (print)1792-1074
ISSN (online)1792-1082
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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