How to format your references using the Oncology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncology Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H: Building bridges. Nature 425: 882–883, 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stott PA and Thorne PW: How best to log local temperatures? Nature 465: 158–159, 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pompilio L, Kacelnik A and Behmer ST: State-dependent learned valuation drives choice in an invertebrate. Science 311: 1613–1615, 2006.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hayashi M, Thomas L, Moriya R, Rettner C and Parkin SSP: Current-controlled magnetic domain-wall nanowire shift register. Science 320: 209–211, 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baber RL: The Language of Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Bas P: Watermarking Security. (Furon T, Cayre F, Doërr G and Mathon B (eds.)). Springer, Singapore, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Bellman C, AlOmari R, Fung A, Vargas Martin M and Liscano R: Challenges in the Effectiveness of Image Tagging Using Consumer-Grade Brain-Computer Interfaces. In: Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, and Computer Graphics: Third International Conference, AVR 2016, Lecce, Italy, June 15-18, 2016. Proceedings, Part II. De Paolis LT and Mongelli A (eds.) Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp55–64, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncology Letters.

Blog post
Andrew E: Why Do We Dream? IFLScience, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Health, Education and Human Services Information Systems Issue Area--Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Volkmer JE: The Cretaceous-Tertiary tectonic evolution of the Lhasa Terrane, Tibet., 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Semple K and Correal A: The Extent of Losses Begins to Come Into Focus for Families, Friends and Residents. New York Times: A18, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleOncology Letters
AbbreviationOncol. Lett.
ISSN (print)1792-1074
ISSN (online)1792-1082
ScopeCancer Research

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