How to format your references using the Oncology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oncology Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deschamps J: Developmental biology. Hox genes in the limb: a play in two acts. Science 304: 1610–1611, 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottifredi V and Prives C: Molecular biology. Getting p53 out of the nucleus. Science 292: 1851–1852, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Perlo J, Casanova F and Blümich B: Ex situ NMR in highly homogeneous fields: 1H spectroscopy. Science 315: 1110–1112, 2007.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Morrish TA, Garcia-Perez JL, Stamato TD, Taccioli GE, Sekiguchi J and Moran JV: Endonuclease-independent LINE-1 retrotransposition at mammalian telomeres. Nature 446: 208–212, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akcoglu MA, Bartha PFA and Ha DM: Analysis in Vector Spaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
Koskinen U: Aggressive and Violent Peasant Elites in the Nordic Countries, C. 1500-1700. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Gámez J, Rosa D, Alcántara E, et al.: Measurement of Hand Palm Pressures in “La Pelota Vasca” Game. In: The Engineering of Sport 6: Volume 2: Developments for Disciplines. Haake S (ed.) Springer, New York, NY, pp17–22, 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oncology Letters.

Blog post
Andrews R: San Andreas Fault Is “Locked, Loaded And Ready To Go,” Says Leading Seismologist. IFLScience, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Data Mining: Agencies Have Taken Key Steps to Protect Privacy in Selected Efforts, but Significant Compliance Issues Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bono S: Perceptions of Psychological Abuse and the Impact of Blame and Gender Role Beliefs., 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K: One Stop for Homey or Haute. New York Times: 14NJ14, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleOncology Letters
AbbreviationOncol. Lett.
ISSN (print)1792-1074
ISSN (online)1792-1082
ScopeCancer Research

Other styles