How to format your references using the Nexus Network Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nexus Network Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Braun, Jean. 2010. Journal club. A geoscientist ponders possible links between erosion and Earth’s climate. Nature 466: 299.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tumer, Evren C., and Michael S. Brainard. 2007. Performance variability enables adaptive plasticity of “crystallized” adult birdsong. Nature 450: 1240–1244.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cramer, P., D. A. Bushnell, and R. D. Kornberg. 2001. Structural basis of transcription: RNA polymerase II at 2.8 angstrom resolution. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292: 1863–1876.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Buban, J. P., K. Matsunaga, J. Chen, N. Shibata, W. Y. Ching, T. Yamamoto, and Y. Ikuhara. 2006. Grain boundary strengthening in alumina by rare earth impurities. Science (New York, N.Y.) 311: 212–215.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cowan, James P. 2016. The Effects of Sound on People. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bagchi, Aditya, and Indrakshi Ray, ed. 2013. Information Systems Security: 9th International Conference, ICISS 2013, Kolkata, India, December 16-20, 2013. Proceedings. Vol. 8303. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Palmer-Brown, Dominic, and Chrisina Jayne. 2011. Hypercube Neural Network Algorithm for Classification. In Engineering Applications of Neural Networks: 12th INNS EANN-SIG International Conference, EANN 2011 and 7th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference, AIAI 2011, Corfu, Greece, September 15-18, 2011, Proceedings Part I, ed. Lazaros Iliadis and Chrisina Jayne, 41–51. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nexus Network Journal.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. Alzheimer’s May Have Evolved Alongside Our Increasing Intelligence. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 28.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Transportation Infrastructure: A Comparison of Federal and State Highway Laws. RCED-90-157. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayhan, Murat Seckin. 2015. A Probabilistic Biomarker for Alzheimer’s Disease. Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John. 2017. Climate Scientists Unite With Lawyers to Counter Attacks on Their Efforts. New York Times, May 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Braun 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Tumer and Brainard 2007; Braun 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tumer and Brainard 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Buban et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNexus Network Journal
ISSN (print)1590-5896
ISSN (online)1522-4600

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