How to format your references using the Nexus Network Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nexus Network Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmittner, Andreas. 2005. Decline of the marine ecosystem caused by a reduction in the Atlantic overturning circulation. Nature 434: 628–633.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zwiers, F. W., and A. J. Weaver. 2000. CLIMATE CHANGE: The Causes of 20th Century Warming. Science (New York, N.Y.) 290: 2081–2083.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, So-Jung, T. Andrew Taton, and Chad A. Mirkin. 2002. Array-based electrical detection of DNA with nanoparticle probes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 1503–1506.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Scott, Fiona L., Boguslaw Stec, Cristina Pop, Małgorzata K. Dobaczewska, Jeongeun J. Lee, Edward Monosov, Howard Robinson, Guy S. Salvesen, Robert Schwarzenbacher, and Stefan J. Riedl. 2009. The Fas-FADD death domain complex structure unravels signalling by receptor clustering. Nature 457: 1019–1022.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hwang, Ruey-Bing Raybeam. 2012. Periodic Structures. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Filipe, Joaquim, Ana Fred, and Bernadette Sharp, ed. 2011. Agents and Artificial Intelligence: Second International Conference, ICAART 2010, Valencia, Spain, January 22-24, 2010. Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 129. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Khangamwa, Gift. 2011. Detecting Network Intrusions Using Hierarchical Temporal Memory. In E-Infrastuctures and E-Services for Developing Countries: Second International ICST Conference, AFRICOM 2010, Cape Town, South Africa, November 25-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, ed. Radu Popescu-Zeletin, Idris A. Rai, Karl Jonas, and Adolfo Villafiorita, 41–48. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nexus Network Journal.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. Global Extinction Rates Could Be Way Higher Than Previously Thought. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 12.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Positive Train Control: Additional Authorities Could Benefit Implementation. GAO-13-720. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forlizzi, Michele L. 2008. Congruency of supervisor and counselor perceptions of actual and preferred counselor work behaviors. Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, Michael. 2017. Everyone’s Got a Different Dream. New York Times, October 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmittner 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Zwiers and Weaver 2000; Schmittner 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zwiers and Weaver 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Scott et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNexus Network Journal
ISSN (print)1590-5896
ISSN (online)1522-4600

Other styles