How to format your references using the Nexus Network Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nexus Network Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe, Duncan. 2013. Public planning: Designs fit for purpose. Nature 493: S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Drain, Paul K., and Michele Barry. 2010. Global health. Fifty years of U.S. embargo: Cuba’s health outcomes and lessons. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328: 572–573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Powell, Kristin I., Jonathan M. Chase, and Tiffany M. Knight. 2013. Invasive plants have scale-dependent effects on diversity by altering species-area relationships. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339: 316–318.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Miaudet, Pierre, Alain Derré, Maryse Maugey, Cécile Zakri, Patrick M. Piccione, Rabi Inoubli, and Philippe Poulin. 2007. Shape and temperature memory of nanocomposites with broadened glass transition. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318: 1294–1296.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wildi, Otto. 2010. Data Analysis in Vegetation Ecology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Alleva, Giorgio, and Andrea Giommi, ed. 2016. Topics in Theoretical and Applied Statistics. Studies in Theoretical and Applied Statistics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Benner, Peter. 2015. Theory and Numerical Solution of Differential and Algebraic Riccati Equations. In Numerical Algebra, Matrix Theory, Differential-Algebraic Equations and Control Theory: Festschrift in Honor of Volker Mehrmann, ed. Peter Benner, Matthias Bollhöfer, Daniel Kressner, Christian Mehl, and Tatjana Stykel, 67–105. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nexus Network Journal.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. Baby Birds May Reveal How Flight Evolved In Their Dinosaur Ancestors. IFLScience. IFLScience. April 25.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Land Management Systems: Status of BLM’s Actions to Improve Information Technology Management. AIMD-00-67. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Tiease. 2013. Implementation of an after-school program to reduce the suicide risk of transgender youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, Linda. 2009. Optimism in the Mormon Heartland. New York Times, May 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graham-Rowe 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Drain and Barry 2010; Graham-Rowe 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Drain and Barry 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Miaudet et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNexus Network Journal
ISSN (print)1590-5896
ISSN (online)1522-4600

Other styles