How to format your references using the Nexus Network Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nexus Network Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Odling-Smee, Lucy. 2013. Science education: a science giant moves house. Nature 496: 167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brunnschweiler, C. N., and E. H. Bulte. 2008. Economics. Linking natural resources to slow growth and more conflict. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320: 616–617.
A journal article with 3 authors
Galy, Valier, Bernhard Peucker-Ehrenbrink, and Timothy Eglinton. 2015. Global carbon export from the terrestrial biosphere controlled by erosion. Nature 521: 204–207.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Esashi, Fumiko, Nicole Christ, Julian Gannon, Yilun Liu, Tim Hunt, Maria Jasin, and Stephen C. West. 2005. CDK-dependent phosphorylation of BRCA2 as a regulatory mechanism for recombinational repair. Nature 434: 598–604.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kamso, Noripah, and Tsu Mae Ng. 2013. Investing in Islamic Funds. Singapore Pte. Ltd.: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Indulska, Jadwiga, Donald J. Patterson, Tom Rodden, and Max Ott, ed. 2008. Pervasive Computing: 6th International Conference, Pervasive 2008 Sydney, Australia, May 19-22, 2008 Proceedings. Vol. 5013. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghafari, Naghmeh, Arie Gurfinkel, and Richard Trefler. 2009. Verification of Parameterized Systems with Combinations of Abstract Domains. In Formal Techniques for Distributed Systems: Joint 11th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference FMOODS 2009 and 29th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference FORTE 2009, Lisboa, Portugal, June 9-12, 2009. Proceedings, ed. David Lee, Antónia Lopes, and Arnd Poetzsch-Heffter, 57–72. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nexus Network Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. How Did Palm Oil Become Such A Problem — And What Can We Do About It? IFLScience. IFLScience. June 12.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Aviation Infrastructure: Feasibility of Using Alternate Means to Satisfy Requirements of Alaska National Airspace System Interfacility Communications System (ANICS) Phase II. RCED-00-110R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woods, Barbara A. 2006. The Perceived Efficacy of an Empowerment Model of Youth Development among Vermont Educational Leaders. Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James, Caryn. 2017. The Talented Mr. Gilmour. New York Times, September 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Odling-Smee 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Brunnschweiler and Bulte 2008; Odling-Smee 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brunnschweiler and Bulte 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Esashi et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNexus Network Journal
ISSN (print)1590-5896
ISSN (online)1522-4600

Other styles