How to format your references using the Nexus Network Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nexus Network Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyd, Robert. 2015. Charles H. Townes (1915-2015). Nature 519: 292.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diamond, Jared, and Peter Bellwood. 2003. Farmers and their languages: the first expansions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300: 597–603.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Fusuo, Xinping Chen, and Peter Vitousek. 2013. Chinese agriculture: An experiment for the world. Nature 497: 33–35.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Thornalley, David J. R., Delia W. Oppo, Pablo Ortega, Jon I. Robson, Chris M. Brierley, Renee Davis, Ian R. Hall, et al. 2018. Anomalously weak Labrador Sea convection and Atlantic overturning during the past 150 years. Nature 556: 227–230.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samonas, Michael. 2015. Financial Forecasting, Analysis, and Modelling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lee, Dwight R., ed. 2013. Public Choice, Past and Present: The Legacy of James M. Buchanan and Gordon Tullock. Vol. 28. Studies in Public Choice. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hsu, Yung-Chi, and Sherry Y. Chen. 2011. Associating Learners’ Cognitive Style with Their Navigation Behaviors: A Data-Mining Approach. In Human-Computer Interaction. Users and Applications: 14th International Conference, HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part IV, ed. Julie A. Jacko, 27–34. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nexus Network Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. These Bizarre Creatures Defy What We Think We Know About Plants And Animals. IFLScience. IFLScience. November 26.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Air Traffic Control: Uncertainties and Challenges Face FAA’s Advanced Automated System. T-RCED-93-30. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dominguez, Yesenia C. 2014. Recruitment, training, and support for foster parents of children birth to 4 years: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Valerian, Susan. 2013. For a Brown, the Comeback Trail Leads Home. New York Times, October 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boyd 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond and Bellwood 2003; Boyd 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diamond and Bellwood 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Thornalley et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleNexus Network Journal
ISSN (print)1590-5896
ISSN (online)1522-4600

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