How to format your references using the Antibiotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antibiotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carr, A.M. Checking that replication breakdown is not terminal. Science 2002, 297, 557–558.
A journal article with 2 authors
Snook, R.R.; Hosken, D.J. Sperm death and dumping in Drosophila. Nature 2004, 428, 939–941.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alitalo, K.; Tammela, T.; Petrova, T.V. Lymphangiogenesis in development and human disease. Nature 2005, 438, 946–953.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, S.H.; Choi, J.; Kim, H.-D.; Choi, H.; Min, B. Ultrafast refractive index control of a terahertz graphene metamaterial. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2135.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casandjian, C.; Challamel, N.; Lanos, C.; Hellesland, J. Reinforced Concrete Beams, Columns and Frames; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ 07030 USA, 2013; ISBN 9781118639511.
An edited book
Sumathi, S. Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems: An Introduction to Theory, Modeling with MATLAB/SIMULINK, and the Role of Soft Computing Techniques; Ashok Kumar, L., Surekha, P., Eds.; Green Energy and Technology; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319149400.
A chapter in an edited book
Bliem, B.; Pichler, R.; Woltran, S. Declarative Dynamic Programming as an Alternative Realization of Courcelle’s Theorem. In Parameterized and Exact Computation: 8th International Symposium, IPEC 2013, Sophia Antipolis, France, September 4-6, 2013, Revised Selected Papers; Gutin, G., Szeider, S., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2013; pp. 28–40 ISBN 9783319038971.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antibiotics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Metallic Glass Alloys Could Be Stronger Than Steel But As Malleable As Putty (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Aviation Security: Progress Made but Actions Needed to Address Challenges in Meeting the Air Cargo Screening Mandate; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeReus, D.L. The correlation between career anchors and satisfaction - a comparative analysis of multiple affiliations under a single organizational structure. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University: Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. Feeding Off Trump-Era Anxiety. New York Times 2017, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntibiotics
AbbreviationAntibiotics (Basel)
ISSN (online)2079-6382
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)
Pharmacology (medical)
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles