How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wong G. Recruiters and industry. Get a foot in the door. Nature. 2004 Oct 28;431(7012):1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yurimoto H, Kuramoto K. Molecular cloud origin for the oxygen isotope heterogeneity in the solar system. Science. 2004 Sep 17;305(5691):1763–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi Y, Sipp D, Enomoto H. Tissue interactions in neural crest cell development and disease. Science. 2013 Aug 23;341(6148):860–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nakamura F, Sakaki M, Yamanaka Y, Tamaru S, Suzuki T, Maeno Y. Electric-field-induced metal maintained by current of the Mott insulator Ca2RuO4. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Çapin TK, Pandzic IS, Magnenat-Thalmann N, Thalmann D. Avatars in Networked Virtual Environments. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2001.
An edited book
Hamano Y, editor. Amino-Acid Homopolymers Occurring in Nature. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. VII, 250p. 62 illus. (Microbiology Monographs; vol. 15).
A chapter in an edited book
Shifferaw Y, Raimond K. Hybrid Intelligent System for Lung Cancer Type Identification. In: Rajsingh EB, Bhojan A, Peter JD, editors. Informatics and Communication Technologies for Societal Development: Proceedings of ICICTS 2014. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 41–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. Bison Seriously Injures Second Tourist In Three Weeks At Yellowstone National Park. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tribal Internet Access: Increased Federal Coordination and Performance Measurement Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Apr. Report No.: GAO-16-504T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moble B. Fundamental understanding of the cycloidal-rotor concept for micro air vehicle applications [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times. 2015 Mar 6;C29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science
ISSN (print)1171-0195

Other styles