How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lastoskie C. Chemistry. Caging carbon dioxide. Science. 2010 Oct 29;330(6004):595–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beuther H, Schilke P. Fragmentation in massive star formation. Science. 2004 Feb 20;303(5661):1167–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reddien PW, Cameron S, Horvitz HR. Phagocytosis promotes programmed cell death in C. elegans. Nature. 2001 Jul 12;412(6843):198–202.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Serreli V, Lee C-F, Kay ER, Leigh DA. A molecular information ratchet. Nature. 2007 Feb 1;445(7127):523–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tebbani S, Lopes F, Filali R, Dumur D, Pareau D. CO 2 Biofixation by Microalgae. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Jones JS, editor. Prostate Cancer Diagnosis: PSA, Biopsy and Beyond. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013. XIV, 386 p. 92 illus., 62 illus. in color. (Current Clinical Urology).
A chapter in an edited book
Myers J, Maresh M. Clinical Management. In: Ovesen PG, Møller Jensen D, editors. Maternal Obesity and Pregnancy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 43–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Identify A Mechanism That Facilitates Brain Repair Following Stroke. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: Fares and Concentration at Small-City Airports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Jan. Report No.: RCED-91-51.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belknap BM. Fostering Resilience in Beginning Special Education Teachers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Reconsiders Pivotal Louisiana Case on Racial Selection of Juries. New York Times. 2007 Dec 5;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science
ISSN (print)1171-0195

Other styles