How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watanabe M. Small world, big hopes. Nature. 2003 Nov 27;426(6965):478–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blagosklonny MV, Pardee AB. Conceptual biology: unearthing the gems. Nature. 2002 Mar 28;416(6879):373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Niu M, Cheng D, Cao D. SiH/TiO2 and GeH/TiO2 heterojunctions: promising TiO2-based photocatalysts under visible light. Sci Rep. 2014 May 2;4:4810.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Joshi N, Shirsath N, Singh A, Joshi KS, Banerjee R. Endogenous lung surfactant inspired pH responsive nanovesicle aerosols: pulmonary compatible and site-specific drug delivery in lung metastases. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 18;4:7085.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ytterdal T, Cheng Y, Fjeldly TA. Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2003.
An edited book
Altman C. Reciprocity, Spatial Mapping and Time Reversal in Electromagnetics. Suchy K, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. XIX, 317 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Barbu V, Precupanu T. Convex Control Problems in Banach Spaces. In: Precupanu T, editor. Convexity and Optimization in Banach Spaces. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 233–364. (Springer Monographs in Mathematics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science.

Blog post
Davis J. New Glasses May Allow The Wearer To See Colors Not Usually Visible [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Offshoring in Six Human Services Programs: Offshoring Occurs in Most States, Primarily in Customer Service and Software Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Mar. Report No.: GAO-06-342.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baggio BG. Integrating social software into blended -learning courses: A Delphi study of instructional -design processes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. At 8 Feet Tall, He Sat Down and Started Getting Noticed. New York Times. 2016 Sep 12;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science
ISSN (print)1171-0195

Other styles