How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abdool Karim SS. Stigma impedes AIDS prevention. Nature. 2011 Jun 2;474(7349):29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bartlett DH, Azam F. Microbiology. Chitin, cholera, and competence. Science. 2005 Dec 16;310(5755):1775–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prins MW, Welters WJ, Weekamp JW. Fluid control in multichannel structures by electrocapillary pressure. Science. 2001 Jan 12;291(5502):277–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang X, Guerin G, Wang H, Wang Y, Manners I, Winnik MA. Cylindrical block copolymer micelles and co-micelles of controlled length and architecture. Science. 2007 Aug 3;317(5838):644–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ballast DK. Interior Detailing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Marinč M. The Economics of Bank Bankruptcy Law. Vlahu R, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XIII, 158 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Sakarovitch J. Finite Automata and the Writing of Numbers. In: Harju T, Karhumäki J, Lepistö A, editors. Developments in Language Theory: 11th International Conference, DLT 2007, Turku, Finland, July 3-6, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 29–30. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. A Russian Spacecraft Is Heading For A Fiery Demise. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA and NASA Have Improved Human Factors Research Coordination, but Stronger Leadership Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Aug. Report No.: GAO-10-824.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yuan J. Membrane Protein Insertion in Bacteria by the YidC and Sec Pathway [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Baker P. Saudis Welcome Trump’s Rebuff Of Obama’s Views. New York Times. 2017 May 20;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Medical Laboratory Science
ISSN (print)1171-0195

Other styles