How to format your references using the Journal of Geochemical Exploration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geochemical Exploration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, R., 2002. A clash of two cultures. Nature 419, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hines, P.J., Zahn, L.M., 2012. Plant metabolism. Green pathways. Introduction. Science 336, 1657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brohawn, S.G., del Mármol, J., MacKinnon, R., 2012. Crystal structure of the human K2P TRAAK, a lipid- and mechano-sensitive K+ ion channel. Science 335, 436–441.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ryan, J.V., Berry, A.D., Anderson, M.L., Long, J.W., Stroud, R.M., Cepak, V.M., Browning, V.M., Rolison, D.R., Merzbacher, C.I., 2000. Electronic connection to the interior of a mesoporous insulator with nanowires of crystalline RuO2. Nature 406, 169–172.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCrary, S.A., 2010. Mastering Corporate Finance Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wright, S., 2012. Pro SharePoint 2010 Governance. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Parmar, S.S., 2016. Maritime Security and Order at Sea in the Indian Ocean Region, in: Bekkevold, J.I., Till, G. (Eds.), International Order at Sea: How It Is Challenged. How It Is Maintained. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 93–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geochemical Exploration.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Oceans May Become Too Acidic For Animals To Smell Their Way Around [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Current National Issues Involving Science and Technology (No. 094310). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mathew, J., 2008. Examining the relationship between secondary school head teachers’ leadership and teachers’ satisfaction in Kerala, India (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Women’s Tennis Examines The Serve. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Funk, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gupta, 2014; Stevenson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hines and Zahn, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geochemical Exploration
AbbreviationJ. Geochem. Explor.
ISSN (print)0375-6742
ScopeEconomic Geology
Geochemistry and Petrology

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