How to format your references using the Journal of Geochemical Exploration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geochemical Exploration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Qiu, J., 2007. China tightens up. Nature 448, 636–637.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reid, G., Flonta, M.L., 2001. Physiology. Cold current in thermoreceptive neurons. Nature 413, 480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Redhu, S.K., Castronovo, M., Nicholson, A.W., 2013. Digital imprinting of RNA recognition and processing on a self-assembled nucleic acid matrix. Sci. Rep. 3, 2550.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gandha, K., Elkins, K., Poudyal, N., Liu, X., Liu, J.P., 2014. High energy product developed from cobalt nanowires. Sci. Rep. 4, 5345.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pérez, A., 2013. Mobile Networks Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Wohlers, T.E., 2016. Setting Sail into the Age of Digital Local Government: Trends and Best Practices, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Public Administration and Information Technology. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Cairns, P., 2016. Engagement in Digital Games, in: O’Brien, H., Cairns, P. (Eds.), Why Engagement Matters: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives of User Engagement in Digital Media. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 81–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geochemical Exploration.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. No New Particles But Hundreds Of Results Announced By CERN [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Telecommunications: Additional Coordination and Performance Measurement Needed for High-Speed Internet Access Programs on Tribal Lands (No. GAO-16-222). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Papacostaki, M., 2010. Under the black sun (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., Chapman, M.M., 2015. Smaller Pay Gap in New Contract at Fiat Chrysler. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Qiu, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Qiu, 2007; Reid and Flonta, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reid and Flonta, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Gandha et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geochemical Exploration
AbbreviationJ. Geochem. Explor.
ISSN (print)0375-6742
ScopeEconomic Geology
Geochemistry and Petrology

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