How to format your references using the Journal of Geochemical Exploration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geochemical Exploration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lakhdar, Z.B., 2005. Global voices of science. Following the light: opening doors to science in Tunisia. Science 310, 1435–1437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Y., Pfeiffer, J.K., 2014. Microbiology: a backup for bacteria. Nature 516, 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Balco, G., Rovey, C.W., 2nd, Stone, J.O.H., 2005. The first glacial maximum in North America. Science 307, 222.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fares, M.A., Ruiz-González, M.X., Moya, A., Elena, S.F., Barrio, E., 2002. Endosymbiotic bacteria: groEL buffers against deleterious mutations. Nature 417, 398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Douglas, B., 2008. Achieving Business Success with GIS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Peris-Ortiz, M., Ferreira, J.J., Farinha, L., Fernandes, N.O. (Eds.), 2016. Multiple Helix Ecosystems for Sustainable Competitiveness, Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, X.-G., Pang, R.-P., Zhou, L.-J., Wei, X.-H., Zang, Y., 2016. Neuropathic Pain: Sensory Nerve Injury or Motor Nerve Injury?, in: Ma, C., Huang, Y. (Eds.), Translational Research in Pain and Itch, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 59–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geochemical Exploration.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. Blue Whale Interrupts Presenter’s Complaint About How Hard It Is To Find Blue Whales [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Air Traffic Control: Status of the Current Modernization Program and Planning for the Next Generation System (No. GAO-06-738T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell, J.R., 2013. Ocean fronts in the Southern California Current System and their role in structuring zooplankton distributions, diel vertical migration, and size composition (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2015. The Progressive Who Didn’t Pass ‘Go.’ New York Times BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lakhdar, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Lakhdar, 2005; Wang and Pfeiffer, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Pfeiffer, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Fares et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geochemical Exploration
AbbreviationJ. Geochem. Explor.
ISSN (print)0375-6742
ScopeEconomic Geology
Geochemistry and Petrology

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