How to format your references using the Journal of Geochemical Exploration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geochemical Exploration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Müller-Wodarg, I.C.F., 2006. Planetary science. Exploring other worlds to learn more about our own. Science 312, 1319–1320.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leopold, P., Perrimon, N., 2007. Drosophila and the genetics of the internal milieu. Nature 450, 186–188.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blüher, M., Kahn, B.B., Kahn, C.R., 2003. Extended longevity in mice lacking the insulin receptor in adipose tissue. Science 299, 572–574.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mann, N.H., Cook, A., Millard, A., Bailey, S., Clokie, M., 2003. Marine ecosystems: bacterial photosynthesis genes in a virus. Nature 424, 741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heywood, J., 2005. Engineering Education. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Karmakar, S., 2016. Induction Motor Fault Diagnosis: Approach through Current Signature Analysis, Power Systems. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Gill, S.S., Anjum, N.A., Ahmad, I., Thangavel, P., Sridevi, G., Pacheco, M., Duarte, A.C., Umar, S., Khan, N.A., Pereira, M.E., 2012. Metal Hyperaccumulation and Tolerance in Alyssum, Arabidopsis and Thlaspi: An Overview, in: Anjum, N.A., Ahmad, I., Pereira, M.E., Duarte, A.C., Umar, S., Khan, N.A. (Eds.), The Plant Family Brassicaceae: Contribution Towards Phytoremediation, Environmental Pollution. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 99–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geochemical Exploration.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Gut Bacteria Found In African Apes Perfectly Match Our Evolutionary Relationships [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. FCC: Reconsideration of the Rules and Policies for the 220-222 MHz Radio Service (No. OGC-98-57). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chima-Okereke, O., 2010. The distinct VPS35 mutant, env1, exhibits unique protein mislocalization and processing phenotype (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. Kelly May Get Morning Slot, Shaking Up ‘Today.’ New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Müller-Wodarg, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Leopold and Perrimon, 2007; Müller-Wodarg, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leopold and Perrimon, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Mann et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geochemical Exploration
AbbreviationJ. Geochem. Explor.
ISSN (print)0375-6742
ScopeEconomic Geology
Geochemistry and Petrology

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