How to format your references using the Journal of Geochemical Exploration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geochemical Exploration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shaw, R.J., 2013. Cell biology. GATORs take a bite out of mTOR. Science 340, 1056–1057.
A journal article with 2 authors
Girguis, P.R., Lee, R.W., 2006. Thermal preference and tolerance of alvinellids. Science 312, 231.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, Y.-Y., Slotine, J.-J., Barabási, A.-L., 2011. Controllability of complex networks. Nature 473, 167–173.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lescano, A.G., Salmon-Mulanovich, G., Pedroni, E., Blazes, D.L., 2007. Epidemiology. Outbreak investigation and response training. Science 318, 574–575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morrison, T.J., 2000. Functional Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wong, K.-C. (Ed.), 2016. Big Data Analytics in Genomics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chtcherbakov, A., Bloxam, R., Yap, D., Fraser, D., Reid, N., Wong, S., 2006. Models-3/CMAQ Simulations to Estimate Transboundary Influences on Ozone and Particulate Matter Concentrations Over Ontario in Spring – Summer 1998, in: Borrego, C., Norman, A.-L. (Eds.), Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application XVII. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 41–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geochemical Exploration.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Beijing Confirms That Climate Change Is Not A Chinese Hoax After All [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Army Training: Improvements Are Needed in 5-Ton Truck Driver Training and Supervision (No. GAO-01-436). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Toler, R.L., 2017. Structural Equation Modeling of Advertising Involvement, Consumer Attitude, and Engagement for Video Advertising in a Social Networking Site (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, J., 2017. Asked to Reduce Prison Rape, Then Accused of Sexual Abuse. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shaw, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Girguis and Lee, 2006; Shaw, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Girguis and Lee, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lescano et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geochemical Exploration
AbbreviationJ. Geochem. Explor.
ISSN (print)0375-6742
ScopeEconomic Geology
Geochemistry and Petrology

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