How to format your references using the Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatfull GF (2001) Microbiology. The great escape. Science 292:2263–2264
A journal article with 2 authors
Nutman AP, Friend CRL (2007) Comment on “A vestige of Earth’s oldest ophiolite.” Science 318:746
A journal article with 3 authors
Nieder A, Freedman DJ, Miller EK (2002) Representation of the quantity of visual items in the primate prefrontal cortex. Science 297:1708–1711
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang J, Yan S, Sluyter R, et al (2014) Inertial particle separation by differential equilibrium positions in a symmetrical serpentine micro-channel. Sci Rep 4:4527

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prager FH, Rosteck H (2006) Polyurethane and Fire. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Moy GG, Vannoort RW (eds) (2013) Total Diet Studies. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Frellsen J, Mardia KV, Borg M, et al (2012) Towards a General Probabilistic Model of Protein Structure: The Reference Ratio Method. In: Hamelryck T, Mardia K, Ferkinghoff-Borg J (eds) Bayesian Methods in Structural Bioinformatics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 125–134

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) The World’s Rarest Wild Dog Has Not Gone Extinct After All. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Traffic Safety: Improved Reporting and Performance Measures Would Enhance Evaluation of High-Visibility Campaigns. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ekstrom JE (2009) Factors influencing retention in a residential treatment program. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B (2016) Not Everyone Is a Football Fan. New York Times D10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatfull 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hatfull 2001; Nutman and Friend 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nutman and Friend 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational and Mathematical Organization Theory
AbbreviationComput. Math. Organ. Theory
ISSN (print)1381-298X
ISSN (online)1572-9346
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
General Decision Sciences
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles