How to format your references using the First Amendment Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for First Amendment Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. “A Delicate Balance.” Nature 429, no. 6989 (May 20, 2004): 323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert, François, and Marc Chaussidon. “A Palaeotemperature Curve for the Precambrian Oceans Based on Silicon Isotopes in Cherts.” Nature 443, no. 7114 (October 26, 2006): 969–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tyler, Robert H., Stefan Maus, and Hermann Lühr. “Satellite Observations of Magnetic Fields Due to Ocean Tidal Flow.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299, no. 5604 (January 10, 2003): 239–41.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Schunck, Christian H., Yong-Il Shin, André Schirotzek, and Wolfgang Ketterle. “Determination of the Fermion Pair Size in a Resonantly Interacting Superfluid.” Nature 454, no. 7205 (August 7, 2008): 739–43.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goudon, Thierry. Mathematics for Modeling and Scientific Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
Harris, Don, ed. Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics: 8th International Conference, EPCE 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009. Proceedings. Vol. 5639. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Massé, Eric, and Peter D. Pawelek. “Iron as Nutrient: Strategies for Iron Acquisition and Usage by Pathogenic Microorganisms.” In Iron Deficiency and Overload: From Basic Biology to Clinical Medicine, edited by Shlomo Yehuda and David I. Mostofsky, 65–76. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for First Amendment Studies.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. “Watch As A Volcanic Eruption Gets Completely Upstaged By A Streaking Meteor.” IFLScience. IFLScience, January 3, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Tribal Transportation: Better Data Could Improve Road Management and Inform Indian Student Attendance Strategies.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 22, 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hannington, Richard Luke. “Power and Display in the Court Music of Augustus the Strong: The Influences Affecting the Composition of Johann David Heinichens’s Sinfonias.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. “Surviving With the Moscow Symphony on $5 a Day.” New York Times, December 20, 2000.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFirst Amendment Studies
AbbreviationFirst Amend. Stud.
ISSN (print)2168-9725
ISSN (online)2168-9733
Sociology and Political Science

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