How to format your references using the First Amendment Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for First Amendment Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arthur, Charles. “Academics Should Not Remain Silent on Hacking.” Nature 504, no. 7480 (December 19, 2013): 333.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bottos, Alessia, and Nancy E. Hynes. “Cancer: Staying Together on the Road to Metastasis.” Nature 514, no. 7522 (October 16, 2014): 309–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Zhaohui, Andrei Pakoulev, and Dana D. Dlott. “Watching Vibrational Energy Transfer in Liquids with Atomic Spatial Resolution.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296, no. 5576 (June 21, 2002): 2201–3.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Flores, Elsa R., Kenneth Y. Tsai, Denise Crowley, Shomit Sengupta, Annie Yang, Frank McKeon, and Tyler Jacks. “P63 and P73 Are Required for P53-Dependent Apoptosis in Response to DNA Damage.” Nature 416, no. 6880 (April 4, 2002): 560–64.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duckert, Gregory H. Practical Enterprise Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Andrews, Simon, Simon Polovina, Richard Hill, and Babak Akhgar, eds. Conceptual Structures for Discovering Knowledge: 19th International Conference on Conceptual Structures, ICCS 2011, Derby, UK, July 25-29, 2011. Proceedings. Vol. 6828. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Truong, Tuyen, Martin Palmer, Nidhi Bansal, and Bhesh Bhandari. “Methodologies to Vary Milk Fat Globule Size.” In Effect of Milk Fat Globule Size on the Physical Functionality of Dairy Products, edited by Martin Palmer, Nidhi Bansal, and Bhesh Bhandari, 15–30. SpringerBriefs in Food, Health, and Nutrition. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for First Amendment Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Strange, Newly-Discovered Exoplanet Defies Planetary Formation Theories.” IFLScience. IFLScience, December 6, 2013.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Federal Surplus Ships: Government Efforts to Address the Growing Backlog of Ships Awaiting Disposal.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, October 22, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paulone, Stephen. “Mergers and Acquisitions: Examining Managerial Strategy Connection to Post Transaction Accounting Measures.” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. “Building a Better Bowler.” New York Times, April 11, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFirst Amendment Studies
AbbreviationFirst Amend. Stud.
ISSN (print)2168-9725
ISSN (online)2168-9733
Sociology and Political Science

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