How to format your references using the First Amendment Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for First Amendment Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mawet, Dimitri. “PLANETARY SCIENCE. Eyeing up a Jupiter-like Exoplanet.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350, no. 6256 (October 2, 2015): 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Atkins, John F., and Ray Gesteland. “Biochemistry. The 22nd Amino Acid.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296, no. 5572 (May 24, 2002): 1409–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Jennifer Y., Jeffrey A. Engelman, and Lewis C. Cantley. “Biochemistry. PI3K Charges Ahead.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317, no. 5835 (July 13, 2007): 206–7.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lacoste, V., P. Mauclère, G. Dubreuil, J. Lewis, M. C. Georges-Courbot, and A. Gessain. “KSHV-like Herpesviruses in Chimps and Gorillas.” Nature 407, no. 6801 (September 14, 2000): 151–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schrör, Karsten. Acetylsalicylic Acid. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2016.
An edited book
Liang, Qilian, Jiasong Mu, Wei Wang, and Baoju Zhang, eds. Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Communications, Signal Processing, and Systems. Vol. 386. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Alberts, David S., and Mary C. Clouser. “Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy: Phase III Trials.” In Intraperitoneal Therapy for Ovarian Cancer, edited by David S. Alberts, Mary C. Clouser, and Lisa M. Hess, 37–50. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for First Amendment Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Watch The Annual Beluga Whale Migration LIVE.” IFLScience. IFLScience, July 28, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Payments in Lieu of Taxes for Federal Property.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, October 20, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Molina-Gutierrez, Elizabeth. “Keys to My Home: A Grant Proposal Project.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary. “Finding Economic Lessons In Fading Era of Card Shows.” New York Times, April 22, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFirst Amendment Studies
AbbreviationFirst Amend. Stud.
ISSN (print)2168-9725
ISSN (online)2168-9733
Sociology and Political Science

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