How to format your references using the First Amendment Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for First Amendment Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zaanen, Jan. “Physics. Watching Rush Hour in the World of Electrons.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315, no. 5817 (March 9, 2007): 1372–73.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sagarin, R., and F. Micheli. “Climate Change in Nontraditional Data Sets.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294, no. 5543 (October 26, 2001): 811.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hattori, Yuko, Masaki Tomonaga, and Tetsuro Matsuzawa. “Spontaneous Synchronized Tapping to an Auditory Rhythm in a Chimpanzee.” Scientific Reports 3 (2013): 1566.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Yayu, S. Ono, Y. Onose, G. Gu, Yoichi Ando, Y. Tokura, S. Uchida, and N. P. Ong. “Dependence of Upper Critical Field and Pairing Strength on Doping in Cuprates.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299, no. 5603 (January 3, 2003): 86–89.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandrea, Nicolae, and Nicolae-Doru Stănescu. Dynamics of the Rigid Solid with General Constraints by a Multibody Approach. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
Resch, Michael, Katharina Benkert, Xin Wang, Martin Galle, Wolfgang Bez, Hiroaki Kobayashi, and Sabine Roller, eds. High Performance Computing on Vector Systems 2010. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Ploux, François. “Violence in France’s Past: An Anthropological Approach.” In Violence in Europe, edited by Sophie Body-Gendrot and Pieter Spierenburg, 65–78. New York, NY: Springer, 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for First Amendment Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. “This NASA Asteroid Mission Is Going To Bring A Huge Chunk Of Space Rock To Earth.” IFLScience. IFLScience, August 25, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Railroad Safety: Status of Efforts to Improve Railroad Crossing Safety.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 3, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon, Joseph Romaine. “Microwave-Supported Acid Hydrolysis for Proteomics.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, Monica, and Mary Williams Walsh. “Detroit Reaches Deal With Creditor, as Others Object to Bankruptcy Plans.” New York Times, September 16, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFirst Amendment Studies
AbbreviationFirst Amend. Stud.
ISSN (print)2168-9725
ISSN (online)2168-9733
Sociology and Political Science

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