How to format your references using the First Amendment Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for First Amendment Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Messersmith, Phillip B. “Materials Science. Holding on by a Hard-Shell Thread.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328, no. 5975 (April 9, 2010): 180–81.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nussenzweig, Michel C., and Ira Mellman. “Ralph Steinman (1943-2011).” Nature 478, no. 7370 (October 26, 2011): 460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Winn, Joshua N., David Rusin, and Christopher S. Kochanek. “The Central Image of a Gravitationally Lensed Quasar.” Nature 427, no. 6975 (February 12, 2004): 613–15.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rom, T., Th Best, D. van Oosten, U. Schneider, S. Fölling, B. Paredes, and I. Bloch. “Free Fermion Antibunching in a Degenerate Atomic Fermi Gas Released from an Optical Lattice.” Nature 444, no. 7120 (December 7, 2006): 733–36.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, Bridgit. Legal Aspects of Occupational Therapy. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
Fetzer, Michael, and Kathy Tuzinski, eds. Simulations for Personnel Selection. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Ugurlu, Tugberk, Alexander Zeitler, and Ali Kheyrollahi. “HttpClient.” In Pro ASP.NET Web API: HTTP Web Services in ASP.NET, edited by Alexander Zeitler and Ali Kheyrollahi, 75–94. Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for First Amendment Studies.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. “Brain-Damaged Turtle Takes Trip To Hospital For A CT Scan.” IFLScience. IFLScience, October 7, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Amtrak: Deteriorated Financial and Operating Conditions.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, January 26, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McClain, Rebekah. “The Role of Spirituality/Religiosity in the Lives of People Who Are Hearing Impaired.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, Anemona. “On Eve of Graduation, University of Chicago Student President May Face Expulsion.” New York Times, June 9, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFirst Amendment Studies
AbbreviationFirst Amend. Stud.
ISSN (print)2168-9725
ISSN (online)2168-9733
Sociology and Political Science

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