How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lipton, S. A. (2004). Turning down, but not off. Nature, 428(6982), 473.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stark, C. P., & Stieglitz, M. (2000). Hydrology. The sting in a fractal tail. Nature, 403(6769), 493, 495.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grunwald, R., Elsaesser, T., & Bock, M. (2014). Spatio-temporal coherence mapping of few-cycle vortex pulses. Scientific reports, 4, 7148.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koebel, C. M., Vermi, W., Swann, J. B., Zerafa, N., Rodig, S. J., Old, L. J., et al. (2007). Adaptive immunity maintains occult cancer in an equilibrium state. Nature, 450(7171), 903–907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kang, C. W., & Kvam, P. H. (2011). Basic Statistical Tools for Improving Quality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bres, S., & Laurini, R. (Eds.). (2006). Visual Information and Information Systems: 8th International Conference, VISUAL 2005, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, July 5, 2005, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3736). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Okaie, Y., Nakano, T., Hara, T., & Nishio, S. (2016). Controllability of Mobile Bionanosensors. In T. Nakano, T. Hara, & S. Nishio (Eds.), Target Detection and Tracking by Bionanosensor Networks (pp. 53–58). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 2). Cave Engraving May Be First Example Of Neanderthal Artwork. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Airport Financing: Information on Airport Fees Paid by Airlines (No. RCED-99-26R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schlumbrecht, C. E. (2015). Do Negative Experiences Influence Substance Use in Adolescent Males and Females? (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2012, March 27). New Ideas On Pensions: Use States. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lipton 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Lipton 2004; Stark and Stieglitz 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stark and Stieglitz 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Koebel et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Educational Studies
AbbreviationN. Z.. J. Educ. Stud.
ISSN (print)0028-8276
ISSN (online)2199-4714

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