How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2007). Swedish strategies. Nature, 449(7159), 254–255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wennberg, P. O., & Dabdub, D. (2008). Atmospheric chemistry. Rethinking ozone production. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5870), 1624–1625.
A journal article with 3 authors
Callier, V., Clack, J. A., & Ahlberg, P. E. (2009). Contrasting developmental trajectories in the earliest known tetrapod forelimbs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5925), 364–367.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Baldwin, M. P., Rhines, P. B., Huang, H.-P., & McIntyre, M. E. (2007). Atmospheres. The jet-stream conundrum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5811), 467–468.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, P. G., & Chan, T. (2011). The Chinese Yuan. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Liu, Z. (Ed.). (2009). Essentials of Chinese Medicine. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zoitl, A., Kainz, G., & Keddis, N. (2013). Production Plan-Driven Flexible Assembly Automation Architecture. In V. Mařík, J. L. M. Lastra, & P. Skobelev (Eds.), Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems: 6th International Conference, HoloMAS 2013, Prague, Czech Republic, August 26-28, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 49–58). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 23). Guys, This Smartphone App Can Accurately Test Your Sperm Count. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Telecommunications: Information on Low Power Television, FCC’s Spectrum Incentive Auction, and Unlicensed Spectrum Use (No. GAO-17-135). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, H. H. (2017). Social Capital, Academics, and Sense of Belonging among High School Foster Youth (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, May 1). Friday File. New York Times, p. C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier 2007; Wennberg and Dabdub 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wennberg and Dabdub 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Baldwin et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Educational Studies
AbbreviationN. Z.. J. Educ. Stud.
ISSN (print)0028-8276
ISSN (online)2199-4714

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