How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gadagkar, R. (2011). Evolution. Altruistic wasps? Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6044), 833–834.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ikehara, T., & Kataoka, T. (2013). Relation between the helical twist and S-shaped cross section of the lamellar crystals of polyethylene. Scientific reports, 3, 1444.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brisbin, I. L., Jr, Austad, S., & Jacobson, S. K. (2000). Canine detectives: the nose knows-or does it? Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5494), 1093b.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hata, K., Futaba, D. N., Mizuno, K., Namai, T., Yumura, M., & Iijima, S. (2004). Water-assisted highly efficient synthesis of impurity-free single-walled carbon nanotubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5700), 1362–1364.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hites, R. A., & Raff, J. D. (2012). Elements of Environmental Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sarwat, M., Ahmad, A., & Abdin, M. Z. (Eds.). (2013). Stress Signaling in Plants: Genomics and Proteomics Perspective, Volume 1. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Post, A., Hoenicke, J., & Podelski, A. (2011). rt-Inconsistency: A New Property for Real-Time Requirements. In D. Giannakopoulou & F. Orejas (Eds.), Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 14th International Conference, FASE 2011, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2011, Saarbrücken, Germany, March 26–April 3, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 34–49). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, November 11). Decades-Old Mystery of “Frankenstein DNA” Solved. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). Major Federal Research and Development Agencies Are Implementing the Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980 (No. RCED-84-26). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Safi Samghabadi, P. (2013). Kinematic analysis and control design of a retractable wheel mechanism using optimal control theory (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, October 17). Fixing Geffen Hall? Ask Ohio. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gadagkar 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gadagkar 2011; Ikehara and Kataoka 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ikehara and Kataoka 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hata et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Educational Studies
AbbreviationN. Z.. J. Educ. Stud.
ISSN (print)0028-8276
ISSN (online)2199-4714

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