How to format your references using the New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, M. R. (2012). Eppendorf winner. When attention wanders. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6103), 58–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, M. S., & White, M. C. (2010). Combined effects on selectivity in Fe-catalyzed methylene oxidation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5965), 566–571.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheung, V. G., Sherman, S. L., & Feingold, E. (2010). Genetics. Genetic control of hotspots. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5967), 791–792.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lacorre, P., Goutenoire, F., Bohnke, O., Retoux, R., & Laligant, Y. (2000). Designing fast oxide-ion conductors based on La2Mo2O9. Nature, 404(6780), 856–858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bruen, G. O. (2015). WHOIS Running the Internet. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lang, F., & Flammini, F. (Eds.). (2014). Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems: 19th International Conference, FMICS 2014, Florence, Italy, September 11-12, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8718). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Juarrero, A. (2009). Top-Down Causation and Autonomy in Complex Systems. In N. Murphy, G. F. R. Ellis, & T. O’Connor (Eds.), Downward Causation and the Neurobiology of Free Will (pp. 83–102). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, March 29). Knowing Names Makes Cooperation More Likely. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Domestic Aviation: Barriers to Entry Continue to Limit Benefits of Airline Deregulation (No. T-RCED-97-120). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scaramella, J. (2013). Physical activity and red light foods consumed in ASPIRE-VA veterans (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Davenport, C. (2017, May 31). World Awaits President’s Decision on U.S. Future in Paris Accord. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and White 2010; Cohen 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and White 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lacorre et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Journal of Educational Studies
AbbreviationN. Z.. J. Educ. Stud.
ISSN (print)0028-8276
ISSN (online)2199-4714

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