How to format your references using the Molecular Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martinez Arias A. Cell signaling. Frizzled at the cutting edge of the synapse. Science 2005; 310: 1284–1285.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolff EW, British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK. Ocean science. Whither Antarctic sea ice? Science 2003; 302: 1164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Exadaktylos F, Espín AM, Brañas-Garza P. Experimental subjects are not different. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 1213.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Heine A, DeSantis G, Luz JG, Mitchell M, Wong CH, Wilson IA. Observation of covalent intermediates in an enzyme mechanism at atomic resolution. Science 2001; 294: 369–374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flynn JR. How to Improve Your Mind. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Buttazzo G. Optimal Urban Networks via Mass Transportation. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerbush M, Lewko A, O’Neill A, Waters B. Dual Form Signatures: An Approach for Proving Security from Static Assumptions. In: Wang X, Sako K (eds). Advances in Cryptology – ASIACRYPT 2012: 18th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Beijing, China, December 2-6, 2012. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, pp 25–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew D. Why Zebra Refused To Be Saddled With Domesticity. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Need To Remove More Low-Cost, Low-Usage Items From Inventories. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ku Y. Dealing with historical issues in Japan and Germany: Ruling coalitions, transnational activism, and conservative reaction. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Where Medieval Armor Meets the Aquatic. New York Times. 2013; : WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1476-5578

Other styles