How to format your references using the New Zealand Economic Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Economic Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agrawal, A. F. (2001). Sexual selection and the maintenance of sexual reproduction. Nature, 411(6838), 692–695.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mello, C. C., & Conte, D., Jr. (2004). Revealing the world of RNA interference. Nature, 431(7006), 338–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, T., Hashmi, A., & Hong, J. (2014). Transparent half metallic g-C4N3 nanotubes: potential multifunctional applications for spintronics and optical devices. Scientific Reports, 4, 6059.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Clarkson, J. R., Baquero, E., Shubert, V. A., Myshakin, E. M., Jordan, K. D., & Zwier, T. S. (2005). Laser-initiated shuttling of a water molecule between H-bonding sites. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5714), 1443–1446.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sapienza, A. M. (2004). Managing Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gendelman, H. E., & Ikezu, T. (Eds.). (2008). Neuroimmune Pharmacology. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Lauritzen, T. Z., Harris, J., Mohand-Said, S., Sahel, J. A., Dorn, J. D., McClure, K., & Greenberg, R. J. (2014). Reading Visual Braille with a Retinal Prosthesis. In C. Guger, B. Allison, & E. C. Leuthardt (Eds.), Brain-Computer Interface Research: A State-of-the-Art Summary -2 (pp. 29–39). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Economic Papers.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 21). Ebola Outbreak: Where We Are Now And What Happens Next. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Aviation Safety: Additional Oversight Planning by FAA Could Enhance Safety Risk Management (GAO-14-516). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Geiselman, C. K. (2010). Diet and reproduction of sympatric nectar-feeding bat species (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in French Guiana [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1998, March 8). Patrons Root for the Return of the “Cheers” of Clinton Street. New York Times, 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Agrawal, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Agrawal, 2001; Mello & Conte, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mello & Conte, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Hu et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Clarkson et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Economic Papers
AbbreviationN. Z.. Econ. Pap.
ISSN (print)0077-9954
ISSN (online)1943-4863
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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