How to format your references using the New Zealand Economic Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Economic Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T. (2000). NASA review leaves projects on launch pad. National Aeronautics & Space Administration. Nature, 403(6770), 583.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bliss, T., & Schoepfer, R. (2004). Neuroscience. Controlling the ups and downs of synaptic strength. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5673), 973–974.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, F., Luo, W., & Hong, M. (2010). Mechanisms of proton conduction and gating in influenza M2 proton channels from solid-state NMR. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6003), 505–508.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kimata, S., Sakurai, T., Nozue, Y., Kasahara, T., Yamaguchi, N., Karino, T., … Kornfield, J. A. (2007). Molecular basis of the shish-kebab morphology in polymer crystallization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5827), 1014–1017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woo, J.-H., Sohn, J.-H., Nam, B.-G., & Yoo, H.-J. (2010). Mobile 3D Graphics SoC. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Stewart, W. P., Williams, D. R., & Kruger, L. E. (Eds.). (2013). Place-Based Conservation: Perspectives from the Social Sciences. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Serrano Oswald, S. E. (2016). Social Resilience and Intangible Cultural Heritage: A Mutually Fertilizing Potential Seen in a Case Study in Mexico. In Ú. Oswald Spring, H. G. Brauch, S. E. Serrano Oswald, & J. Bennett (Eds.), Regional Ecological Challenges for Peace in Africa, the Middle East, Latin America and Asia Pacific (pp. 57–90). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Economic Papers.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, January 20). X-rays Reveal Text on Scorched Herculaneum Scrolls. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Weather Satellites: Planning for the Geostationary Satellite Program Needs More Attention (No. AIMD-97-37). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delaney, R. M. (2014). A qualitative descriptive case study explaining professional development in community corrections (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2012, January 24). Deconstructing the Legend of Choo Choo. New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bliss & Schoepfer, 2004; Reichhardt, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bliss & Schoepfer, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Hu, Luo, & Hong, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kimata et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Economic Papers
AbbreviationN. Z.. Econ. Pap.
ISSN (print)0077-9954
ISSN (online)1943-4863
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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