How to format your references using the New Zealand Economic Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Economic Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Takahashi, T. (2004). Ocean science. The fate of industrial carbon dioxide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5682), 352–353.
A journal article with 2 authors
Asimow, P. D., & Langmuir, C. H. (2003). The importance of water to oceanic mantle melting regimes. Nature, 421(6925), 815–820.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zarrinpar, A., Park, S.-H., & Lim, W. A. (2003). Optimization of specificity in a cellular protein interaction network by negative selection. Nature, 426(6967), 676–680.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Breyton, C., Haase, W., Rapoport, T. A., Kühlbrandt, W., & Collinson, I. (2002). Three-dimensional structure of the bacterial protein-translocation complex SecYEG. Nature, 418(6898), 662–665.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robinson, M. D. (2013). An Employer’s and Engineer’s Guide to the FIDIC Conditions of Contract. John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Bretzke, W.-R. (2013). Sustainable Logistics: Responses to a Global Challenge (K. Barkawi, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stojadinović, S., Vasilić, R., Kasalica, B., Belča, I., & Zeković, L. (2014). Luminescence During the Electrochemical Oxidation of Aluminum. In S. S. Djokić (Ed.), Electrodeposition and Surface Finishing: Fundamentals and Applications (pp. 241–302). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Economic Papers.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, June 27). Penguins Make Full Circumpolar Migration To Keep Population United. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services (T-RCED-89-60). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shambra, S. M. (2017). Automated Vulnerability Assessment of Mobile Device Vulnerabilities [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, November 4). Scouting Report. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Takahashi, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Asimow & Langmuir, 2003; Takahashi, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Asimow & Langmuir, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Zarrinpar et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Breyton et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Economic Papers
AbbreviationN. Z.. Econ. Pap.
ISSN (print)0077-9954
ISSN (online)1943-4863
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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