How to format your references using the New Zealand Economic Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Economic Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hamburg, M. A. (2012). Science and regulation. FDA’s approach to regulation of products of nanotechnology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6079), 299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, M. M., & Johanson, Z. (2003). Separate evolutionary origins of teeth from evidence in fossil jawed vertebrates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5610), 1235–1236.
A journal article with 3 authors
Topper, T. P., Holmer, L. E., & Caron, J.-B. (2014). Brachiopods hitching a ride: an early case of commensalism in the middle Cambrian Burgess Shale. Scientific Reports, 4, 6704.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kumagai, H., Miyakawa, K., Negishi, H., Inoue, H., Obara, K., & Suetsugu, D. (2003). Magmatic dike resonances inferred from very-long-period seismic signals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5615), 2058–2061.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wittcoff, H. A., Reuben, B. G., & Plotkin, J. S. (2012). Industrial Organic Chemicals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tappia, P. S., & Dhalla, N. S. (Eds.). (2014). Phospholipases in Health and Disease (Vol. 10). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hardin, C. S., & Taylor, A. D. (2013). The Denumerable Setting: One-Way Visibility. In A. D. Taylor (Ed.), The Mathematics of Coordinated Inference: A Study of Generalized Hat Problems (pp. 29–47). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Economic Papers.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, April 25). From Flapper To Flipper: How The Penguin Lost Its Flight. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Surface Transportation Security: TSA Has Taken Actions to Manage Risk, Improve Coordination, and Measure Performance, but Additional Actions Would Enhance Its Efforts (GAO-10-650T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J. M. (2008). Navy Supply Corps officer’s perspective on effective leadership [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, September 14). The Eve of Destruction, as Seen on TV. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hamburg, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hamburg, 2012; Smith & Johanson, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith & Johanson, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Topper et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kumagai et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Economic Papers
AbbreviationN. Z.. Econ. Pap.
ISSN (print)0077-9954
ISSN (online)1943-4863
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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