How to format your references using the New Zealand Economic Papers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Economic Papers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman, J. M. (2000). Obesity in the new millennium. Nature, 404(6778), 632–634.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stamm, L. M., & Goldberg, M. B. (2011). Microbiology. Establishing the secretion hierarchy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6021), 1147–1148.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsberg, N. S., Garner, S. R., & Hau, L. V. (2007). Coherent control of optical information with matter wave dynamics. Nature, 445(7128), 623–626.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Daniels, M. A., Teixeiro, E., Gill, J., Hausmann, B., Roubaty, D., Holmberg, K., Werlen, G., Holländer, G. A., Gascoigne, N. R. J., & Palmer, E. (2006). Thymic selection threshold defined by compartmentalization of Ras/MAPK signalling. Nature, 444(7120), 724–729.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anisman, H. (2015). Stress and Your Health. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Russell, C. T. (Ed.). (2007). The Mars Plasma Environment. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Morrison, A. B., & Jha, A. P. (2015). Mindfulness, Attention, and Working Memory. In B. D. Ostafin, M. D. Robinson, & B. P. Meier (Eds.), Handbook of Mindfulness and Self-Regulation (pp. 33–45). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Economic Papers.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 5). Watch “Beast” Asteroid Pass By Earth Live. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (AA-96-30(4)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kent, L. (2017). Justification-Suppression of Gender and Race Bias in Hiring: The Impact of Accountability [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J. (2017, July 12). Custom Suits At Accessible Prices. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman, 2000; Stamm & Goldberg, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stamm & Goldberg, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Ginsberg et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Daniels et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Economic Papers
AbbreviationN. Z.. Econ. Pap.
ISSN (print)0077-9954
ISSN (online)1943-4863
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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