How to format your references using the Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Management potential. Nature. 2005;435(7038):123.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sabatini BL, Svoboda K. Analysis of calcium channels in single spines using optical fluctuation analysis. Nature. 2000;408(6812):589-593.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Li L, Wang H, Zhao X. Effects of Rhodiola on production, health and gut development of broilers reared at high altitude in Tibet. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7166.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Schiff ML, Siderovski DP, Jordan JD, et al. Tyrosine-kinase-dependent recruitment of RGS12 to the N-type calcium channel. Nature. 2000;408(6813):723-727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hitchner JR. Financial Valuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Krolak-Schwerdt S, Glock S, Böhmer M, eds. Teachers’ Professional Development: Assessment, Training, and Learning. SensePublishers; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vu TT, Dall’Alba G. Becoming Authentic Professionals: Learning for Authenticity. In: Scanlon L, ed. “Becoming” a Professional: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Professional Learning. Springer Netherlands; 2011:95-108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Are Hospitals The Safest Place For Healthy Women To Have Babies? An Obstetrician Thinks Twice. IFLScience. Published June 9, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/are-hospitals-safest-place-healthy-women-have-babies-obstetrician-thinks-twice/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: VA and DOD Continue to Expand Sharing of Medical Information, but Still Lack Comprehensive Electronic Medical Records. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gardina VJ. Analysis of LiDAR data for fluvial geomorphic change detection at a small Maryland stream. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Corkery M. Uneven Gains For Graduates Of Walmart U. New York Times. August 8, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Diabetes and Its Complications
AbbreviationJ. Diabetes Complications
ISSN (print)1056-8727
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

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