How to format your references using the Journal of Dental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schultz JC. Biochemical ecology: how plants fight dirty. Nature. 2002;416(6878):267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Noble AJ, Stagg SM. STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. COPI gets a fancy new coat. Science. 2015;349(6244):142-143.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chait R, Craney A, Kishony R. Antibiotic interactions that select against resistance. Nature. 2007;446(7136):668-671.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Head JF, Inouye S, Teranishi K, Shimomura O. The crystal structure of the photoprotein aequorin at 2.3 A resolution. Nature. 2000;405(6784):372-376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shynk JJ. Mathematical Foundations for Linear Circuits and Systems in Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Dranoff G, ed. Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy. Vol 344. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Humar A, Khwaja KO, Sutherland DER. Pancreas Transplantation. In: Matas AJ, Payne WD, eds. Atlas of Organ Transplantation. London: Springer; 2006:133-195.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dental Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews R. Indonesian Volcano Erupts Electric-Blue Lava. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Super Collider Is Over Budget and Behind Schedule. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson D. Chamber Music in Early Piano Study: A Guide to Repertoire. 2004.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kanter J, Eddy M. E.U. Official Apologizes For Comments On Chinese. New York Times. November 3, 2016:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dental Sciences
ISSN (print)1991-7902

Other styles