How to format your references using the Journal of Dental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Benniston A. Chemistry. Corralling positively charged molecular radicals. Science. 2013;339(6118):404-405.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lu P, Werb Z. Patterning mechanisms of branched organs. Science. 2008;322(5907):1506-1509.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bai G, Zhang Y, Hao J. Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5724.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Xiao S, Liu D, Wang Y, Yang Z, Chen W. Temporal variation of methane flux from Xiangxi Bay of the Three Gorges Reservoir. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2500.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Taylor CJ, Young PC, Chotai A. True Digital Control. John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Bhidayasiri R. Movement Disorders: A Video Atlas: A Video Atlas. (Tarsy D, ed.). Humana Press; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hansen LK, Arvidsson A, Nielsen FA, Colleoni E, Etter M. Good Friends, Bad News - Affect and Virality in Twitter. In: Park JJ, Yang LT, Lee C, eds. Future Information Technology: 6th International Conference, FutureTech 2011, Loutraki, Greece, June 28-30, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer; 2011:34-43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dental Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Seals Rely On Earth’s Magnetic Field. IFLScience. Published December 24, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/seals-rely-earths-magnetic-field/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: VA and DOD Are Making Progress in Sharing Medical Information, but Are Far from Comprehensive Electronic Medical Records. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Oliver CN. The relationship between length of kindergarten day and student literacy and math achievement. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M. Decision Is Annulled, Exonerating Officials. New York Times. April 18, 2014:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dental Sciences
ISSN (print)1991-7902
Scope

Other styles