How to format your references using the Journal of Dental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mutter J. Disasters widen the rich-poor gap. Nature. 2010;466(7310):1042.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zhang J, Ferré-D’Amaré AR. Co-crystal structure of a T-box riboswitch stem I domain in complex with its cognate tRNA. Nature. 2013;500(7462):363-366.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Fried SI, Münch TA, Werblin FS. Mechanisms and circuitry underlying directional selectivity in the retina. Nature. 2002;420(6914):411-414.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Grammatikopoulos P, Cassidy C, Singh V, Sowwan M. Coalescence-induced crystallisation wave in Pd nanoparticles. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5779.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lane D. The Chief Information Officer’s Body of Knowledge. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Dellacherie C. Inverse M-Matrices and Ultrametric Matrices. Vol 2118. (Martinez S, San Martin J, eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Madden B. Putting It All Together. In: Madden B, ed. Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:171-176.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dental Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Plant That Only Grows In Diamond-Rich Soil Found. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Justice Plans to Improve Oversight of Agency Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wuebbels PJ. Effectiveness of Reading and Writing Across the Curriculum on Middle School Reading Comprehension and Preparation for Common Core State Standards. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B. Zverev and Konta Lose In French Open Upsets. New York Times. May 30, 2017:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dental Sciences
ISSN (print)1991-7902
Scope

Other styles