How to format your references using the Journal of Dental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Dental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kamel F. Epidemiology. Paths from pesticides to Parkinson’s. Science. 2013;341(6147):722-723.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Karner DB, Muller RA. PALEOCLIMATE: A Causality Problem for Milankovitch. Science. 2000;288(5474):2143-2144.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Guler U, Boltasseva A, Shalaev VM. Applied physics. Refractory plasmonics. Science. 2014;344(6181):263-264.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Xu T, Yu X, Perlik AJ, et al. Rapid formation and selective stabilization of synapses for enduring motor memories. Nature. 2009;462(7275):915-919.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stephans RA. System Safety for the 21 St Century. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Zhou X, Sokolsky O, Yan L, et al., eds. Emerging Directions in Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing: EUC 2006 Workshops: NCUS, SecUbiq, USN, TRUST, ESO, and MSA, Seoul, Korea, August 1-4, 2006. Proceedings. Vol 4097. Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Szathmary L, Valtchev P, Napoli A. Finding Minimal Rare Itemsets and Rare Association Rules. In: Bi Y, Williams MA, eds. Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: 4th International Conference, KSEM 2010, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, September 1-3, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2010:16-27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Dental Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. What Medicines Would We Pack For A Trip To Mars? IFLScience. Published October 2, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/what-medicines-would-we-pack-trip-mars/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Effects of Tax Changes on Commuter Behavior. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sawant KG. A Chemo-Physical Model for Predicting Post Fracking Pressure Buildup in Pierre Shale. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO. 70 Years Ago. New York Times. May 13, 2016:C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Dental Sciences
ISSN (print)1991-7902
Scope

Other styles