How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Villeval MC (2014) Behavioural economics: Professional identity can increase dishonesty. Nature 516:48–49
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
O’Toole PW, Jeffery IB (2015) Gut microbiota and aging. Science 350:1214–1215
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Foster SL, Hargreaves DC, Medzhitov R (2007) Gene-specific control of inflammation by TLR-induced chromatin modifications. Nature 447:972–978
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Roche S, Rey FA, Gaudin Y, Bressanelli S (2007) Structure of the prefusion form of the vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein G. Science 315:843–848

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Freeman RL (2005) Fundamentals of Telecommunications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Scheinemann K, Bouffet E (2015) Pediatric Neuro-oncology. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Griebling TL (2014) Frailty. In: Griebling TL (ed) Geriatric Urology. Springer, New York, NY, pp 47–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2017) Idiots Stone Crocodile To Death At A Zoo In Tunisia. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/idiots-stone-crocodile-to-death-at-a-zoo-in-tunisia/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2012) IT Supply Chain: Additional Efforts Needed by National Security-Related Agencies to Address Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Nadeau EM (2017) Baby Boomer Generation’s Knowledge of Alzheimer’s Disease. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton, on Tour of Western States, Chides G.O.P. for Investigating His Mother. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationIndian J. Surg.
ISSN (print)0972-2068
ISSN (online)0973-9793
ScopeSurgery

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