How to format your references using the New Review of Film and Television Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Review of Film and Television Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colquhoun, David. 2007. “Science Degrees without the Science.” Nature 446 (7134): 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, Deborah L., and Sandra A. S. Johnson. 2008. “Cell Biology. RNA Metabolism and Oncogenesis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5875): 461–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vukusic, Pete, Benny Hallam, and Joe Noyes. 2007. “Brilliant Whiteness in Ultrathin Beetle Scales.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5810): 348.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ballentine, Chris J., Bernard Marty, Barbara Sherwood Lollar, and Martin Cassidy. 2005. “Neon Isotopes Constrain Convection and Volatile Origin in the Earth’s Mantle.” Nature 433 (7021): 33–38.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stefanoiu, Dan, Pierre Borne, Dumitru Popescu, Florin Gh Filip, and Abdelkader El Kamel. 2014. Optimization in Engineering Sciences: Approximate and Metaheuristic Methods. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hellmüller, Sara, and Martina Santschi, eds. 2014. Is Local Beautiful?: Peacebuilding between International Interventions and Locally Led Initiatives. Vol. 11. SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kantert, Jan, Yvonne Bernard, Lukas Klejnowski, and Christian Müller-Schloer. 2014. “Estimation of Reward and Decision Making for Trust-Adaptive Agents in Normative Environments.” In Architecture of Computing Systems – ARCS 2014: 27th International Conference, Lübeck, Germany, February 25-28, 2014. Proceedings, edited by Erik Maehle, Kay Römer, Wolfgang Karl, and Eduardo Tovar, 49–59. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Review of Film and Television Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2017. “A Key Ingredient For Life Has Been Found Around Another Star.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1968. Management Information Needs in an Era of Change. 094496. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGaughey, Kathryn M. 2017. “Textural Juxtaposition: Representing the Natural and the Human in Elements.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, Michael. 2017. “‘Groundhog Day’ Will Close on Sept. 17.” New York Times, August 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Colquhoun 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Colquhoun 2007; Johnson and Johnson 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson and Johnson 2008)
  • Three authors: (Vukusic, Hallam, and Noyes 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ballentine et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Review of Film and Television Studies
ISSN (print)1740-0309
ISSN (online)1740-7923
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts

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