How to format your references using the New Review of Film and Television Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Review of Film and Television Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas, Richard H. 2003. “Evolution. Wingless Insects and Plucked Chickens.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5614): 1854–1855.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen, Myles R., and David A. Stainforth. 2002. “Towards Objective Probabalistic Climate Forecasting.” Nature 419 (6903): 228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilson, A. H., S. B. Shirey, and R. W. Carlson. 2003. “Archaean Ultra-Depleted Komatiites Formed by Hydrous Melting of Cratonic Mantle.” Nature 423 (6942): 858–861.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vatanen, Tommi, Eric A. Franzosa, Randall Schwager, Surya Tripathi, Timothy D. Arthur, Kendra Vehik, Åke Lernmark, et al. 2018. “The Human Gut Microbiome in Early-Onset Type 1 Diabetes from the TEDDY Study.” Nature 562 (7728): 589–594.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sommers-Flanagan, John, and Rita Sommers-Flanagan. 2015. Tough Kids Cool Counseling. Alexandria, VA, USA: American Counseling Association.
An edited book
Liu, Honghai, Naoyuki Kubota, Xiangyang Zhu, Rüdiger Dillmann, and Dalin Zhou, eds. 2015. Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 8th International Conference, ICIRA 2015, Portsmouth, UK, August 24-27, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. 1st ed. 2015. Vol. 9244. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Imono, Misako, Eriko Yoshimura, Seiji Tsuchiya, and Hirokazu Watabe. 2015. “Method of Embodying the Newspaper Headlines by Using Words and Phrases in the Article.” In Knowledge-Based Information Systems in Practice, edited by Jeffrey W. Tweedale, Lakhmi C. Jain, Junzo Watada, and Robert J. Howlett, 51–63. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Review of Film and Television Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Man Fails To Get ‘Eaten Alive’ By Anaconda.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Education and Workforce Data: Challenges in Matching Student and Worker Information Raise Concerns about Longitudinal Data Systems. GAO-15-27. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tseng, Yen Hua-Hui. 2008. “Motivation of Participation in Inservice Training Based on Problem Solving: A Modified Delphi Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, James. 2017. “Trinity Church Is Sued For Moving a Sculpture.” New York Times, April 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thomas 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Thomas 2003; Allen and Stainforth 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allen and Stainforth 2002)
  • Three authors: (Wilson, Shirey, and Carlson 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Vatanen et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Review of Film and Television Studies
ISSN (print)1740-0309
ISSN (online)1740-7923
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts

Other styles