How to format your references using the New Review of Film and Television Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Review of Film and Television Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chait, Brian T. 2006. “Chemistry. Mass Spectrometry: Bottom-up or Top-Down?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5796): 65–66.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seddon, N., and T. Bearpark. 2003. “Observation of the Inverse Doppler Effect.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5650): 1537–1540.
A journal article with 3 authors
Christodoulides, Demetrios N., Falk Lederer, and Yaron Silberberg. 2003. “Discretizing Light Behaviour in Linear and Nonlinear Waveguide Lattices.” Nature 424 (6950): 817–823.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Boyd, Martin M., Tanya Zelevinsky, Andrew D. Ludlow, Seth M. Foreman, Sebastian Blatt, Tetsuya Ido, and Jun Ye. 2006. “Optical Atomic Coherence at the 1-Second Time Scale.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5804): 1430–1433.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kim, Dae Mann. 2015. Introductory Quantum Mechanics for Applied Nanotechnology. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Curran, Richard, Shuo-Yan Chou, and Amy Trappey, eds. 2008. Collaborative Product and Service Life Cycle Management for a Sustainable World: Proceedings of the 15th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering (CE2008). Advanced Concurrent Engineering. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mączkowski, Grzegorz, Robert Sitnik, and Jakub Krzesłowski. 2012. “Data Acquisition Enhancement in Shape and Multispectral Color Measurements of 3D Objects.” In Image and Signal Processing: 5th International Conference, ICISP 2012, Agadir, Morocco, June 28-30, 2012. Proceedings, edited by Abderrahim Elmoataz, Driss Mammass, Olivier Lezoray, Fathallah Nouboud, and Driss Aboutajdine, 27–35. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Review of Film and Television Studies.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. “Early Hominin Bone Shows Predation By Hyenas.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. [Response to Request for Views on Application of P.L. 99-177 to Teacher Loan Cancellations]. B-221498.20. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sinha, Rakesh. 2017. “An Integrated Development Environment for the Clara Constraint-Programming Language.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “And They’ll All Go Looking Good.” New York Times, June 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chait 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chait 2006; Seddon and Bearpark 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Seddon and Bearpark 2003)
  • Three authors: (Christodoulides, Lederer, and Silberberg 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Boyd et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Review of Film and Television Studies
ISSN (print)1740-0309
ISSN (online)1740-7923
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts

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