How to format your references using the Cough citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cough. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Weintraub K. Drug development: Releasing the brakes. Nature. 2013;504:S6-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Petersen CP, Reddien PW. Smed-betacatenin-1 is required for anteroposterior blastema polarity in planarian regeneration. Science. 2008;319:327–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kurin-Csörgei K, Epstein IR, Orbán M. Systematic design of chemical oscillators using complexation and precipitation equilibria. Nature. 2005;433:139–42.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Verschuren D, Sinninghe Damsté JS, Moernaut J, Kristen I, Blaauw M, Fagot M, et al. Half-precessional dynamics of monsoon rainfall near the East African Equator. Nature. 2009;462:637–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Webb RC. Tele-Visionaries. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Hairer E, Wanner G, editors. Analysis by Its History. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mattner SW. THE IMPACT OF PATHOGENS ON PLANT INTERFERENCE AND ALLELOPATHY. In: INDERJIT, Mukerji KG, editors. Allelochemicals: Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 79–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cough.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Paying A Heavy Price For Loving The Neanderthals. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/paying-a-heavy-price-for-loving-the-neanderthals/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Battlefield Automation: Better Justification and Testing Needed for Common Computer Acquisition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gao S. Characterization of the TAT cell penetrating peptide and directed evolution of new cell penetrating peptides for protein and nucleotide delivery to neuronal -like cells. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Miller M. Gift Horse Gone. New York Times. 2015;:BR13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCough
ISSN (print)1745-9974
Scope

Other styles