How to format your references using the New Microbes and New Infections citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Microbes and New Infections. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Marx V. Cancer: A most exceptional response. Nature 2015;520:389–93.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Perlman PS, Boeke JD. Molecular biology. Ring around the retroelement. Science 2004;303:182–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Khan SUM, Al-Shahry M, Ingler WB Jr. Efficient photochemical water splitting by a chemically modified n-TiO2. Science 2002;297:2243–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Leishman AJ, Naidenko OV, Attinger A, Koning F, Lena CJ, Xiong Y, et al. T cell responses modulated through interaction between CD8alphaalpha and the nonclassical MHC class I molecule, TL. Science 2001;294:1936–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Brook MV. Ultrasonic Inspection Technology Development and Search Unit Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Güçlü AD. Graphene Quantum Dots. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Mondal PP, Diaspro A. Quantum Description of Radiation Field and Optical Microscopy. In: Diaspro A, editor. Fundamentals of Fluorescence Microscopy: Exploring Life with Light, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 71–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Microbes and New Infections.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. Vets Remove 915 Coins From Inside Sea Turtle’s Stomach In Thailand. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/vets-remove-915-coins-from-inside-sea-turtles-stomach-in-thailand/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Major Challenges for Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lamb BK. A Comparison of Carbon Dioxide Emissions at a Roundabout and a Signalized Intersection in a Mid-Sized City. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Davey M, Walsh MW. Chicago Sees Pension Crisis Drawing Near. New York Times 2013:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Microbes and New Infections
AbbreviationNew Microbes New Infect.
ISSN (print)2052-2975
Scope

Other styles