How to format your references using the Bioresource Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioresource Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gasse, F., 2002. Paleoclimate. Kilimanjaro’s secrets revealed. Science 298, 548–549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sillanpää, M.A., Hakonen, P.J., 2014. Optomechanics: Hardware for a quantum network. Nature 507, 45, 47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burke, M., Hsiang, S.M., Miguel, E., 2015. Global non-linear effect of temperature on economic production. Nature 527, 235–239.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jen, Y.-J., Lakhtakia, A., Lin, M.-J., Wang, W.-H., Wu, H.-M., Liao, H.-S., 2013. Metal/dielectric/metal sandwich film for broadband reflection reduction. Sci. Rep. 3, 1672.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowlinson, M., 2010. A Practical Guide to the NEC3 Engineering and Construction Contract. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Mansour, N., Al-Shamrani, S. (Eds.), 2015. Science Education in the Arab Gulf States: Visions, Sociocultural Contexts and Challenges, Cultural and Historical Perspectives on Science Education, Distinguished Contributors. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Cha, K.-G., Lee, M.-C., Kim, H.-J., 2015. SMCSPO Based Force Estimation for Jetting Rate Control of 3D Printer Nozzle to Build a House, in: Liu, H., Kubota, N., Zhu, X., Dillmann, R., Zhou, D. (Eds.), Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 8th International Conference, ICIRA 2015, Portsmouth, UK, August 24-27, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioresource Technology.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. This Is What Americans Have Been Dying Of Over The Past 35 Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Department of Transportation: Key Issues and Management Challenges, 2013 (No. GAO-13-402T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tripputi, M.T., 2009. Use of mediation in designing clinical trials with two primary endpoints (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. Richards-Ross Breaks American Drought In the Women’s 400. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gasse, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gasse, 2002; Sillanpää and Hakonen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sillanpää and Hakonen, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Jen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioresource Technology
AbbreviationBioresour. Technol.
ISSN (print)0960-8524
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

Other styles