How to format your references using the Bioresource Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioresource Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wei, H., 2011. Fundamental limits of “ankylography” due to dimensional deficiency. Nature 480, E1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berlin, S., Ellegren, H., 2001. Evolutionary genetics. Clonal inheritance of avian mitochondrial DNA. Nature 413, 37–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Navrotsky, A., Mazeina, L., Majzlan, J., 2008. Size-driven structural and thermodynamic complexity in iron oxides. Science 319, 1635–1638.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lipworth, G., Ensworth, J., Seetharam, K., Huang, D., Lee, J.S., Schmalenberg, P., Nomura, T., Reynolds, M.S., Smith, D.R., Urzhumov, Y., 2014. Magnetic metamaterial superlens for increased range wireless power transfer. Sci. Rep. 4, 3642.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armajani, J., 2011. Modern Islamist Movements. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Dulli, S., 2009. Data mining: Metodi e strategie, UNITEXT. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiong, Z., Yao, Z., 2014. The Evolvement Mechanism of Land Use and Urban Space Structure Along Rail Transit, in: Xia, H., Zhang, Y. (Eds.), The 2nd International Symposium on Rail Transit Comprehensive Development (ISRTCD) Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioresource Technology.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Ancient Mummified Crocodile Found To Be Harboring Dozens Of Babies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. FTS2001: Improving the Revenue Estimation Process (No. AIMD-00-147R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gimbel, S.I., 2010. Imaging frontal and medial temporal lobe interaction during memory retrieval and disentangling the effects of the default network (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2001. Viktor Astafyev, Who Wrote of Rural Russia, Dies at 77. New York Times F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wei, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Berlin and Ellegren, 2001; Wei, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berlin and Ellegren, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lipworth et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioresource Technology
AbbreviationBioresour. Technol.
ISSN (print)0960-8524
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

Other styles