How to format your references using the Bioresource Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioresource Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Avise, J.C., 2001. Evolving genomic metaphors: a new look at the language of DNA. Science 294, 86–87.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rock, J.R., Hogan, B.L.M., 2010. Developmental biology. Branching takes nerve. Science 329, 1610–1611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luce, C.H., Abatzoglou, J.T., Holden, Z.A., 2013. The missing mountain water: slower westerlies decrease orographic enhancement in the Pacific Northwest USA. Science 342, 1360–1364.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baron, M.K., Boeckers, T.M., Vaida, B., Faham, S., Gingery, M., Sawaya, M.R., Salyer, D., Gundelfinger, E.D., Bowie, J.U., 2006. An architectural framework that may lie at the core of the postsynaptic density. Science 311, 531–535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams, P., 2015. Managing Measurement Risk in Building and Civil Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Vlamos, P., Alexiou, A. (Eds.), 2015. GeNeDis 2014: Neurodegeneration, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
D’Amico, G., Del Bimbo, A., Dini, F., Landucci, L., Torpei, N., 2010. Natural Human–Computer Interaction, in: Shao, L., Shan, C., Luo, J., Etoh, M. (Eds.), Multimedia Interaction and Intelligent User Interfaces: Principles, Methods and Applications, Advances in Pattern Recognition. Springer, London, pp. 85–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioresource Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. Why Do Dogs Spin Around Before They Poop? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Space Shuttle Accident: NASA’s Actions To Address the Presidential Commission Report (No. NSIAD-88-30BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crozier, C.F., 2012. A qualitative study of teacher job satisfaction in an evolutionary and mandated change environment (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. Justices Bar Death Penalty For the Rape of a Child. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Avise, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Avise, 2001; Rock and Hogan, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rock and Hogan, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Baron et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioresource Technology
AbbreviationBioresour. Technol.
ISSN (print)0960-8524
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

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