How to format your references using the Bioresource Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioresource Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perkel, J.M., 2015. The trouble with reference rot. Nature 521, 111–112.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, Y., Schier, A.F., 2001. The zebrafish Nodal signal Squint functions as a morphogen. Nature 411, 607–610.
A journal article with 3 authors
MacAlister, C.A., Ohashi-Ito, K., Bergmann, D.C., 2007. Transcription factor control of asymmetric cell divisions that establish the stomatal lineage. Nature 445, 537–540.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Im, K.-S., Cheong, S.-K., Powell, C.F., Lai, M.-C.D., Wang, J., 2013. Unraveling the geometry dependence of in-nozzle cavitation in high-pressure injectors. Sci. Rep. 3, 2067.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richards, A., Dafydd, H., 2014. Key Notes on Plastic Surgery. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kirchner, J., Morgenroth, S., Marshall, T. (Eds.), 2016. Transfer of Business and Acquired Employee Rights: A Practical Guide for Europe and Across the Globe. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirz, M., Dietrich, W., Gfrerrer, A., Lang, J., 2013. Modeling Techniques in CAD, in: Dietrich, W., Gfrerrer, A., Lang, J. (Eds.), Integrated Computer-Aided Design in Automotive Development: Development Processes, Geometric Fundamentals, Methods of CAD, Knowledge-Based Engineering Data Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 241–308.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioresource Technology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. Whales Could Inspire The Development Of Synthetic Blood [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. District of Columbia Public Schools: Implementation and Sustainability of Reform Efforts Could Benefit From Enhanced Planning (No. GAO-09-902T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delaney, D.C., 2014. Undergraduate social work students’ perceptions regarding hospice and end-of-life care (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson, J., 2016. The Truth Is Out There. New York Times BR31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perkel, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Schier, 2001; Perkel, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Schier, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Im et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioresource Technology
AbbreviationBioresour. Technol.
ISSN (print)0960-8524
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

Other styles