How to format your references using the Bioresource Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioresource Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilczek, F., 2000. Particle physics. Backyard exotica. Nature 404, 452–453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sykes, M., Nikolic, B., 2005. Treatment of severe autoimmune disease by stem-cell transplantation. Nature 435, 620–627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agulhon, C., Fiacco, T.A., McCarthy, K.D., 2010. Hippocampal short- and long-term plasticity are not modulated by astrocyte Ca2+ signaling. Science 327, 1250–1254.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Katsanis, N., Ansley, S.J., Badano, J.L., Eichers, E.R., Lewis, R.A., Hoskins, B.E., Scambler, P.J., Davidson, W.S., Beales, P.L., Lupski, J.R., 2001. Triallelic inheritance in Bardet-Biedl syndrome, a Mendelian recessive disorder. Science 293, 2256–2259.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bâzu, M., Băjenescu, T., 2011. Failure Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Negoita, M.G., Reusch, B. (Eds.), 2005. Real World Applications of Computational Intelligence, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirao, T., Moriuchi, T., Groß, A., 2015. Bioconjugates to Induce Chirality Organization, in: Hirao, T. (Ed.), Functionalized Redox Systems: Synthetic Reactions and Design of π- and Bio-Conjugates. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 111–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioresource Technology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Scientists Implant Tiny Lasers Into Living Cells [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Financial Management Systems: Lack of Disciplined Processes Puts Implementation of HHS’ Financial System at Risk (No. GAO-04-1008). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
George, K.A., 2014. Housing adequacy and civic engagement in Los Angeles County (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2016. For Dogs, It’s What You Say and Also How You Say It. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilczek, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Sykes and Nikolic, 2005; Wilczek, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sykes and Nikolic, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Katsanis et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioresource Technology
AbbreviationBioresour. Technol.
ISSN (print)0960-8524
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal
General Medicine

Other styles