How to format your references using the Flow Measurement and Instrumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Flow Measurement and Instrumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Owens, Batteries, Nature. 526 (2015) S89.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Edwards, A.J. Richardson, Impact of climate change on marine pelagic phenology and trophic mismatch, Nature. 430 (2004) 881–884.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.C.Y. Li, F. Petruccione, J. Koch, Perturbative approach to Markovian open quantum systems, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4887.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N.J. Croucher, S.R. Harris, C. Fraser, M.A. Quail, J. Burton, M. van der Linden, L. McGee, A. von Gottberg, J.H. Song, K.S. Ko, B. Pichon, S. Baker, C.M. Parry, L.M. Lambertsen, D. Shahinas, D.R. Pillai, T.J. Mitchell, G. Dougan, A. Tomasz, K.P. Klugman, J. Parkhill, W.P. Hanage, S.D. Bentley, Rapid pneumococcal evolution in response to clinical interventions, Science. 331 (2011) 430–434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
İ. Dinçer, C. Zamfirescu, Drying Phenomena, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
K. Elleithy, T. Sobh, eds., New Trends in Networking, Computing, E-learning, Systems Sciences, and Engineering, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Cellier, T. Charnois, M. Plantevit, B. Crémilleux, Recursive Sequence Mining to Discover Named Entity Relations, in: P.R. Cohen, N.M. Adams, M.R. Berthold (Eds.), Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis IX: 9th International Symposium, IDA 2010, Tucson, AZ, USA, May 19-21, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 30–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Flow Measurement and Instrumentation.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Newly discovered hand bone bridges important gap of human evolution, IFLScience. (2013). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, [Comments on Cincinnati Airport Bond Issue], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V.R. Goldner, Arizona nurses’ attitudes toward legislated minimum staffing ratios: Impact on the workplace, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Scandinavian Cool That Warmed New York, New York Times. (2011) B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFlow Measurement and Instrumentation
AbbreviationFlow Meas. Instrum.
ISSN (print)0955-5986
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

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