How to format your references using the Flow Measurement and Instrumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Flow Measurement and Instrumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Schmidt, Mental health: thinking from the gut, Nature. 518 (2015) S12-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.C. Südhof, J.E. Rothman, Membrane fusion: grappling with SNARE and SM proteins, Science. 323 (2009) 474–477.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.H. Greene, B.C. Monger, L.P. McGarry, Ecology. Some like it cold, Science. 324 (2009) 733–734.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Steffens, N.R. Veillard, C. Arnaud, G. Pelli, F. Burger, C. Staub, M. Karsak, A. Zimmer, J.-L. Frossard, F. Mach, Low dose oral cannabinoid therapy reduces progression of atherosclerosis in mice, Nature. 434 (2005) 782–786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Nemethy, Business Exit Planning, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
U. Aßmann, A. Bartho, C. Wende, eds., Reasoning Web. Semantic Technologies for Software Engineering: 6th International Summer School 2010, Dresden, Germany, August 30 - September 3, 2010. Tutorial Lectures, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
J.G. Wen, Transmission Electron Microscopy, in: M. Sardela (Ed.), Practical Materials Characterization, Springer, New York, NY, 2014: pp. 189–229.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Flow Measurement and Instrumentation.

Blog post
J. Fang, How Ethiopian Highlanders Adapted To Their Low Oxygen Conditions, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Comments on Energy Research and Development Administration’s Proposed Arrangement for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor Demonstration Plant Project, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.H. Freund, The Relationship of Academic Courses to Skills Required Of Automobile Repair Technicians, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
W.K. Rashbaum, J.C. McKINLEY Jr, 106 Are Charged in Lengthy Fraud Over Disabilities, New York Times. (2014) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFlow Measurement and Instrumentation
AbbreviationFlow Meas. Instrum.
ISSN (print)0955-5986
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

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