How to format your references using the New Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kristoufek L 2013 Can Google Trends search queries contribute to risk diversification? Sci. Rep. 3 2713
A journal article with 2 authors
Wickens M and Kwak J E 2008 Molecular biology. A tail tale for U Science 319 1344–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Cordier P, Amodeo J and Carrez P 2012 Modelling the rheology of MgO under Earth’s mantle pressure, temperature and strain rates Nature 481 177–80
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Man W, Megens M, Steinhardt P J and Chaikin P M 2005 Experimental measurement of the photonic properties of icosahedral quasicrystals Nature 436 993–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ishiyama J T 2011 Comparative Politics (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell)
An edited book
Kinder-Kurlanda K and Ehrwein Nihan C 2015 Ubiquitous Computing in the Workplace: What Ethical Issues? An Interdisciplinary Perspective vol 333 (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Bodea C-N 2009 Project Management Competences Development Using an Ontology-Based e-Learning Platform Visioning and Engineering the Knowledge Society. A Web Science Perspective: Second World Summit on the Knowledge Society, WSKS 2009, Chania, Crete, Greece, September 16-18, 2009. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed M D Lytras, E Damiani, J M Carroll, R D Tennyson, D Avison, A Naeve, A Dale, P Lefrere, F Tan, J Sipior and G Vossen (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 31–9

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Journal of Physics.

Blog post
Luntz S 2017 Soil Microbes Produce “Knee-High Tropical Rainforests’ On Arid Lands IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2009 Information Technology: Actions Needed to Fully Establish Program Management Capability for VA’s Financial and Logistics Initiative (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valadez I 2010 A psycho-education peer support group for homeless youth: A grant proposal Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J 2016 Hulu Adds Channels to Streaming Service New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Journal of Physics
AbbreviationNew J. Phys.
ISSN (online)1367-2630
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

Other styles