How to format your references using the New Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zapperi S 2010 Physics. Looking at how things slip Science 330 184–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou Z and Zhang F 2004 A precocial avian embryo from the Lower Cretaceous of China Science 306 653
A journal article with 3 authors
Joughin I, Alley R B and Holland D M 2012 Ice-sheet response to oceanic forcing Science 338 1172–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Huang J, Rozelle S, Pray C and Wang Q 2002 Plant biotechnology in China Science 295 674–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rainey L D 2010 Confucius & Confucianism (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell)
An edited book
Panigrahi B K, Das S, Suganthan P N and Dash S S 2010 Swarm, Evolutionary, and Memetic Computing: First International Conference on Swarm, Evolutionary, and Memetic Computing, SEMCCO 2010, Chennai, India, December 16-18, 2010. Proceedings vol 6466 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Orlov Y V and Aguilar L T 2014 Elements of Nonsmooth Analysis Advanced H∞ Control: Towards Nonsmooth Theory and Applications ed L T Aguilar (New York, NY: Springer) pp 67–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Journal of Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Water On Rosetta’s Comet Different To Water On Earth IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2014 Telecommunications: FCC Should Improve the Accountability and Transparency of High-Cost Program Funding (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Banks G M 2009 The revolution will not be gender-ized Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C 2000 Higher Profile for a Little-Known Foundation New York Times 14WC8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Journal of Physics
AbbreviationNew J. Phys.
ISSN (online)1367-2630
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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