How to format your references using the New Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zuk M 2006 Family values in black and white Nature 439 917
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu J and Zuo Y 2015 Neuroscience: Forgetfulness illuminated Nature 525 324–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Doeller C F, Barry C and Burgess N 2010 Evidence for grid cells in a human memory network Nature 463 657–61
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Caiazzo M, Dell’Anno M T, Dvoretskova E, Lazarevic D, Taverna S, Leo D, Sotnikova T D, Menegon A, Roncaglia P, Colciago G, Russo G, Carninci P, Pezzoli G, Gainetdinov R R, Gustincich S, Dityatev A and Broccoli V 2011 Direct generation of functional dopaminergic neurons from mouse and human fibroblasts Nature 476 224–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malhotra G 2010 Chemical Process Simplification (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Delgado S V 2014 Difficult Psychiatric Consultations: An Integrated Approach ed J R Strawn (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Boutellier R and Heinzen M 2014 Technology Speed and Substitution Growth Through Innovation: Managing the Technology-Driven Enterprise Management for Professionals ed M Heinzen (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 47–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Journal of Physics.

Blog post
Andrews R 2016 Planet Nine May Not Be The Only Hidden Planet In Our Solar System IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1998 Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Avoiding Major Disruptions Will Require Strong Leadership and Effective Partnerships (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodgers R 2017 Phylogenomic Analysis of Fundulidae Using RNA-Sequencing Data Doctoral dissertation (Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vaissié C 2017 Can Putin influence the French election? New York Times 0

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Journal of Physics
AbbreviationNew J. Phys.
ISSN (online)1367-2630
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

Other styles