How to format your references using the New Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aldhous P 2000 Global warming could be bad news for Arctic ozone layer Nature 404 531
A journal article with 2 authors
Petro E J and Raben D M 2013 Bacterial expression strategies for several Sus scrofa diacylglycerol kinase alpha constructs: solubility challenges Sci. Rep. 3 1609
A journal article with 3 authors
Kimchi T, Xu J and Dulac C 2007 A functional circuit underlying male sexual behaviour in the female mouse brain Nature 448 1009–14
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Huang Y-H, Dass R I, Xing Z-L and Goodenough J B 2006 Double perovskites as anode materials for solid-oxide fuel cells Science 312 254–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy G and Levin B 2014 The Biostatistics of Aging (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc)
An edited book
Napolitano N R, Longo G, Marconi M, Paolillo M and Iodice E 2016 The Universe of Digital Sky Surveys: A Meeting to Honour the 70th Birthday of Massimo Capaccioli vol 42 (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Ciocca G, Corchs S, Gasparini F, Batini C and Schettini R 2016 Quality of Images Data and Information Quality: Dimensions, Principles and Techniques Data-Centric Systems and Applications ed M Scannapieco (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 113–35

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Journal of Physics.

Blog post
Hamilton K 2017 Something Big Exploded In A Galaxy Far, Far Away: What Was It? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1996 States’ Average College Tuition (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomes S 2010 The Lanterman-Petris-Short Act and the effects of deinstitutionalization on the mentally ill Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines G G 2010 Makeover for Wonder Woman at 69 New York Times C9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Journal of Physics
AbbreviationNew J. Phys.
ISSN (online)1367-2630
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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