How to format your references using the New Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marrucci G 2003 Materials science. Polymers go with the flow Science 301 1681–2
A journal article with 2 authors
Schadt E and Chang R 2012 Genetics. A GPS for navigating DNA Science 337 1179–80
A journal article with 3 authors
Villeneuve J, Chaussidon M and Libourel G 2009 Homogeneous distribution of 26Al in the solar system from the Mg isotopic composition of chondrules Science 325 985–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Bermejo M, Rodríguez-Teijeiro J D, Illera G, Barroso A, Vilà C and Walsh P D 2006 Ebola outbreak killed 5000 gorillas Science 314 1564

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Galwey N W 2014 Introduction to Mixed Modelling (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Wright D and Hert P D 2012 Privacy Impact Assessment vol 6 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
von Thomsen C, Gallup L and Llorente A M 2008 Intellectual Abilities: Theoretical and Applied Assessment Considerations Principles of Neuropsychological Assessment with Hispanics: Theoretical Foundations and Clinical Practice Issues of Diversity in Clinical Neuropsychology ed A M Llorente (New York, NY: Springer) pp 57–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Journal of Physics.

Blog post
Fang J 2015 World’s Oldest Known Fossils Are Just Oddly Shaped Minerals IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1992 Voice of America: Management Actions Needed to Adjust to a Changing Environment (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nunn T N 2014 A Puer–Senex Archetypal Model of the Therapeutic Relationship Doctoral dissertation (Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S 2015 Artifacts From a Battle That Never Was New York Times WE10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Journal of Physics
AbbreviationNew J. Phys.
ISSN (online)1367-2630
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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