How to format your references using the New Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloom P 2004 Behavior. Can a dog learn a word? Science 304 1605–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Domb L G and Pagel M 2001 Sexual swellings advertise female quality in wild baboons Nature 410 204–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Chaudhuri J, Khuong C and Alt F W 2004 Replication protein A interacts with AID to promote deamination of somatic hypermutation targets Nature 430 992–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Hilborn R, Arcese P, Borner M, Hando J, Hopcraft G, Loibooki M, Mduma S and Sinclair A R E 2006 Effective enforcement in a conservation area Science 314 1266

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todeschini R and Baccini A 2016 Handbook of Bibliometric Indicators (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Milano M 2012 Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming: 18th International Conference, CP 2012, Québec City, QC, Canada, October 8-12, 2012. Proceedings vol 7514 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Lankhorst M M, Quartel D A C and Steen M W A 2010 Architecture-Based IT Portfolio Valuation Practice-Driven Research on Enterprise Transformation: Second Working Conference, PRET 2010, Delft, The Netherlands, November 11, 2010. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing ed F Harmsen, E Proper, F Schalkwijk, J Barjis and S Overbeek (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 78–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Journal of Physics.

Blog post
Hale T 2016 WWF Plans To Buy Shark Fishing Licenses So No One Else Can Use Them IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2009 Information Technology: Management and Oversight of Projects Totaling Billions of Dollars Need Attention (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Friedman D E 2017 Characterization of Organic Matter in Suspended Sediments Via Pyrolysis and Oxidation Doctoral dissertation ( Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B 2017 Bruce Springsteen: Greetings From Broadway New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Journal of Physics
AbbreviationNew J. Phys.
ISSN (online)1367-2630
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

Other styles