How to format your references using the Journal of the American Ceramic Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Ceramic Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quirrenbach A. Astronomy. Seeing the surfaces of stars. Science. 2007;317(5836):325–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jakob M, Hilaire J. Climate science: Unburnable fossil-fuel reserves. Nature. 2015;517(7533):150–152.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duncan K, Sadanand A, Davachi L. Memory’s penumbra: episodic memory decisions induce lingering mnemonic biases. Science. 2012;337(6093):485–487.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Wang L, Gural A, Sun X-J, et al. The leukemogenicity of AML1-ETO is dependent on site-specific lysine acetylation. Science. 2011;333(6043):765–769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Relethford JH. 50 Great Myths of Human Evolution. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017
An edited book
Marien H. Analog Organic Electronics: Building Blocks for Organic Smart Sensor Systems on Foil. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2013
A chapter in an edited book
Ellison JA, Greenberg LS. Emotion-Focused Experiential Therapy. In: Kazantzis N, LĽAbate L, eds. Handbook of Homework Assignments in Psychotherapy: Research, Practice, and Prevention. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007:65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Ceramic Society.

Blog post
Carpineti A. How The Brightest Supernovae Become Superluminous. IFLScience. 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Cost Effectiveness of an Education Assistance Program (GI Bill) as a Recruiting Incentive Is Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Naro A. The effects of the structural components of 4-H residential summer programs on the achievement of the essential elements of positive youth development and the acquisition of targeted life skills. Doctoral dissertation; Mississippi State University; Mississippi State, MS; 2016

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. A Holiday Gift Guide To a Library of Books With Local Connections. New York Times. 2013;A33B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Ceramic Society
AbbreviationJ. Am. Ceram. Soc.
ISSN (print)0002-7820
ISSN (online)1551-2916
ScopeCeramics and Composites
Materials Chemistry

Other styles