How to format your references using the Journal of the American Ceramic Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Ceramic Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fischer D. Planetary science: early start for rocky planets. Nature. 2012;486(7403):331–332.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park H, Crozier KB. Multispectral imaging with vertical silicon nanowires. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chaudhuri J, Khuong C, Alt FW. Replication protein A interacts with AID to promote deamination of somatic hypermutation targets. Nature. 2004;430(7003):992–998.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Brown JH, Whitham TG, Morgan Ernest SK, Gehring CA. Complex species interactions and the dynamics of ecological systems: long-term experiments. Science. 2001;293(5530):643–650.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoute K. Help, I’m Rich! Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014
An edited book
Siegesmund S, Snethlage R, editors. Stone in Architecture: Properties, Durability. 5th ed. 2014. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014
A chapter in an edited book
Meyskens FL, Yang S. Thinking About the Role (Largely Ignored) of Heavy Metals in Cancer Prevention: Hexavalent Chromium and Melanoma as a Case in Point. In: Senn H-J, Otto F, eds. Clinical Cancer Prevention. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011:65–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Ceramic Society.

Blog post
Andrew E. Our Ideas Of How Blood Forms Have Just Been Turned On Their Head. IFLScience. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Contract Award of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration to the Institute for Law and Social Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pasricha LA. North African women in Spain: Dreams and reality, identity and belonging. Doctoral dissertation; California State University, Long Beach; Long Beach, CA; 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. Listening to van Gogh. New York Times. 2017;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Ceramic Society
AbbreviationJ. Am. Ceram. Soc.
ISSN (print)0002-7820
ISSN (online)1551-2916
ScopeCeramics and Composites
Materials Chemistry

Other styles