How to format your references using the Journal of the American Ceramic Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Ceramic Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zare RN. Chemistry. Resonances in reaction dynamics. Science. 2006;311(5766):1383–1385.
A journal article with 2 authors
Podsiadlowski P, Justham S. Astronomy. Big bang points to stellar mix-up. Science. 2006;314(5805):1551–1552.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cooper TF, O’Leary RA, Lough JM. Growth of Western Australian corals in the anthropocene. Science. 2012;335(6068):593–596.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Pellegrini L, Burke DF, von Delft F, Mulloy B, Blundell TL. Crystal structure of fibroblast growth factor receptor ectodomain bound to ligand and heparin. Nature. 2000;407(6807):1029–1034.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezaee Z. Financial Services Firms. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011
An edited book
Bliesemann de Guevara B, editor. Myth and Narrative in International Politics: Interpretive Approaches to the Study of IR. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016
A chapter in an edited book
Miller JR, Adams CG, Weston PA, Schenker JH. Interpreting Catch in a Single Trap. In: Adams CG, Weston PA, Schenker JH, eds. Trapping of Small Organisms Moving Randomly: Principles and Applications to Pest Monitoring and Management. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:39–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Ceramic Society.

Blog post
Fang J. Tiny Songbird Flies 60 Hours Nonstop Across The Sahara. IFLScience. 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Needs to Strengthen Its Strategic Planning and Oversight to Modernize Legacy Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kurtz WA. Under the Balaclava: A Case Study Examining Habits Within the Identity of Elite Counterterrorists. Doctoral dissertation; George Washington University; Washington, DC; 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch J. A Gladiator’s Guidance. New York Times. 2016;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Ceramic Society
AbbreviationJ. Am. Ceram. Soc.
ISSN (print)0002-7820
ISSN (online)1551-2916
ScopeCeramics and Composites
Materials Chemistry

Other styles