How to format your references using the Journal of the American Ceramic Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Ceramic Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smetacek V. Balance: mind-grasping gravity. Nature. 2002;415(6871):481.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rozema J, Flowers T. Ecology. Crops for a salinized world. Science. 2008;322(5907):1478–1480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim HK, Hanson GW, Geller DA. Chemistry. Are gold clusters in RF fields hot or not? Science. 2013;340(6131):441–442.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Ligi M, Bonatti E, Cipriani A, Ottolini L. Water-rich basalts at mid-ocean-ridge cold spots. Nature. 2005;434(7029):66–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dubin D. Numerical and Analytical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, Using Mathematica. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005
An edited book
Jordan R, editor. Surface-Initiated Polymerization II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006
A chapter in an edited book
Jensen M, Vereda M. The Origins and Development of Antarctic Tourism Through Ushuaia as a Gateway Port. In: Jensen M, Vereda M, Sánchez RA, Roura R, eds. Tourism in Antarctica: A Multidisciplinary View of New Activities Carried Out on the White Continent. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:75–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Ceramic Society.

Blog post
Andrew E. Beautiful Mathematical GIFs Will Mesmerize You. IFLScience. 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Budget: Agency Faces Key Management Challenges on Major Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sevier J. A preventative and treatment substance use program for GLBT adolescents in Long Beach: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation; California State University, Long Beach; Long Beach, CA; 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Schmidt MS. Officials Cancel Plans to Build New Headquarters for the F.B.I. New York Times. 2017;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Ceramic Society
AbbreviationJ. Am. Ceram. Soc.
ISSN (print)0002-7820
ISSN (online)1551-2916
ScopeCeramics and Composites
Materials Chemistry

Other styles