How to format your references using the New Horizons in Clinical Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Horizons in Clinical Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T.F. Rosenbaum, A new spin on magnets, Nature. 404 (2000) 556–557.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Abrahamsen, H. Stenmark, Cell biology. Growth signaling from inside, Science. 334 (2011) 611–612.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Mietto, M. Avanzini, G. Rolandi, Palaeontology: Human footprints in Pleistocene volcanic ash, Nature. 422 (2003) 133.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Batrakov, P. Kuzhir, S. Maksimenko, A. Paddubskaya, S. Voronovich, P. Lambin, T. Kaplas, Y. Svirko, Flexible transparent graphene/polymer multilayers for efficient electromagnetic field absorption, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7191.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K.M. Ganda, Dentist’s Guide to Medical Conditions, Medications, and Complications, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
A. Pyka, M. da G. Derengowski Fonseca, eds., Catching Up, Spillovers and Innovation Networks in a Schumpeterian Perspective, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Guénot, J. Isnard, H. Catenoix, F. Mauguière, M. Sindou, SEEG-guided RF-thermocoagulation of epileptic foci: A therapeutic alternative for drug-resistant non-operable partial epilepsies, in: J.D. Pickard, N. Akalan, V. Benes, C.D. Rocco, V.V. Dolenc, J.L. Antunes, J. Schramm, M. Sindou (Eds.), Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery, Springer, Vienna, 2011: pp. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Horizons in Clinical Case Reports.

Blog post
J. Davis, Poorer Nations Are More Committed To Wildlife Conservation Than Richer Ones, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Acquisitions: Assessment of Overhead Persistent Infrared Technology Report, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.L. Wyers, An Investigation of Teacher Understanding and Perceptions of the Effectiveness of the Use of Learning Targets in the Classroom, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. Cyran, G. Hay, China’s Allure in Drug Research, New York Times. (2011) B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Horizons in Clinical Case Reports
AbbreviationNew Horiz. Clin. Case Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-9482

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