How to format your references using the Discrete Applied Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Discrete Applied Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F.F. Abeles, Mathematics: Logic and Lewis Carroll, Nature. 527 (2015) 302–304.
A journal article with 2 authors
I.B. Smith, J.W. Holt, Onset and migration of spiral troughs on Mars revealed by orbital radar, Nature. 465 (2010) 450–453.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Munsky, G. Neuert, A. van Oudenaarden, Using gene expression noise to understand gene regulation, Science. 336 (2012) 183–187.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.J. Chacron, B. Doiron, L. Maler, A. Longtin, J. Bastian, Non-classical receptive field mediates switch in a sensory neuron’s frequency tuning, Nature. 423 (2003) 77–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Ahlemeyer-Stubbe, S. Coleman, A Practical Guide to Data Mining for Business and Industry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
T. Corcoran, J. White, B. Whitburn, eds., Disability Studies: Educating for Inclusion, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Stevanovic Hedrih, Nonlinear Dynamics of a Heavy Material Particle along a Circle Which Rotates and Optimal Control, in: G. Rega, F. Vestroni (Eds.), IUTAM Symposium on Chaotic Dynamics and Control of Systems and Processes in Mechanics: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium Held in Rome, Italy, 8–13 June 2003, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005: pp. 37–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Discrete Applied Mathematics.

Blog post
B. Taub, Here’s Why You Can’t Hear Your Heartbeat, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Programs at the U.S. Army School of the Americas in Panama, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.L. Karas, Information systems and technology leaders in merger and acquisition integrations, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
P. by G. Etheredge, Nighttime Windows, New York Times. (2016) RE12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDiscrete Applied Mathematics
AbbreviationDiscrete Appl. Math.
ISSN (print)0166-218X
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

Other styles