How to format your references using the New Genetics and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Genetics and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colquhoun, David. 2007. “Science Degrees without the Science.” Nature 446 (7134): 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ives, Anthony R., and Bradley J. Cardinale. 2004. “Food-Web Interactions Govern the Resistance of Communities after Non-Random Extinctions.” Nature 429 (6988): 174–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khanna, Kamal M., Jeffery T. McNamara, and Leo Lefrançois. 2007. “In Situ Imaging of the Endogenous CD8 T Cell Response to Infection.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5847): 116–120.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Macpherson, Lindsey J., Adrienne E. Dubin, Michael J. Evans, Felix Marr, Peter G. Schultz, Benjamin F. Cravatt, and Ardem Patapoutian. 2007. “Noxious Compounds Activate TRPA1 Ion Channels through Covalent Modification of Cysteines.” Nature 445 (7127): 541–545.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alrifai, Tariq. 2015. Islamic Finance and the New Financial System. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Altenbach, Holm, Samuel Forest, and Anton Krivtsov, eds. 2013. Generalized Continua as Models for Materials: With Multi-Scale Effects or Under Multi-Field Actions. Vol. 22. Advanced Structured Materials. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, Wentao, Lingling Shen, and Peijun Shi. 2015. “Mapping Landslide Risk of the World.” In World Atlas of Natural Disaster Risk, edited by Peijun Shi and Roger Kasperson, 57–66. IHDP/Future Earth-Integrated Risk Governance Project Series. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Genetics and Society.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “This Is What Supercontinent Pangea Looks Like Mapped With Modern Borders.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Faces Immediate and Long-Term Challenges. GAO-02-971T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moose, Alida Milligan. 2013. “The Relationship of Distributed Expertise and Shared Leadership in New Product Development Teams: A Comparative Case Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, Linda F. 2006. “The Legacies They Left.” New York Times, January 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Colquhoun 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Colquhoun 2007; Ives and Cardinale 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ives and Cardinale 2004)
  • Three authors: (Khanna, McNamara, and Lefrançois 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Macpherson et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Genetics and Society
AbbreviationNew Genet. Soc.
ISSN (print)1463-6778
ISSN (online)1469-9915
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects
Health(social science)

Other styles