How to format your references using the New Genetics and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Genetics and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dobson, Andrew P. 2005. “Virology. What Links Bats to Emerging Infectious Diseases?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5748): 628–629.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dietrich, William E., and J. Taylor Perron. 2006. “The Search for a Topographic Signature of Life.” Nature 439 (7075): 411–418.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tao, Chenggang, W. G. Cullen, and E. D. Williams. 2010. “Visualizing the Electron Scattering Force in Nanostructures.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5979): 736–740.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Weinreich, Daniel M., Nigel F. Delaney, Mark A. Depristo, and Daniel L. Hartl. 2006. “Darwinian Evolution Can Follow Only Very Few Mutational Paths to Fitter Proteins.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5770): 111–114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boussabaine, Abdelhalim. 2013. Risk Pricing Strategies for Public-Private Partnerships Projects. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Peris-Ortiz, Marta, and José Álvarez-García, eds. 2014. Action-Based Quality Management: Strategy and Tools for Continuous Improvement. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Bingbing, and Wensuo Jia. 2014. “ABA Transport and Distribution in Relation to Its Function in Plants.” In Abscisic Acid: Metabolism, Transport and Signaling, edited by Da-Peng Zhang, 61–75. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Genetics and Society.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2015. “Your Cat’s Fur Color Is Linked To Its Aggressiveness.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Railroad Safety: DOT Should Better Manage Its Hazardous Materials Inspection Program. RCED-90-43. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ware, Sharon C. 2014. “Alcohol Consumption and Breast Cancer Risk in Older Women: A Modifiable Lifestyle Risk Factor.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, Benjamin. 2017. “Prudence or Power Grab? Cuomo Adds Troopers to New York City.” New York Times, June 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dobson 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Dobson 2005; Dietrich and Perron 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dietrich and Perron 2006)
  • Three authors: (Tao, Cullen, and Williams 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Weinreich et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Genetics and Society
AbbreviationNew Genet. Soc.
ISSN (print)1463-6778
ISSN (online)1469-9915
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects
Health(social science)

Other styles