How to format your references using the New Genetics and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Genetics and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dance, Amber. 2015. “Micromanagement with Light.” Nature 528 (7581): 291–294.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ringe, Dagmar, and Gregory A. Petsko. 2008. “Biochemistry. How Enzymes Work.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5882): 1428–1429.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanaka, Shiho, Michael R. Sawaya, and Todd O. Yeates. 2010. “Structure and Mechanisms of a Protein-Based Organelle in Escherichia Coli.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 327 (5961): 81–84.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kuwayama, Yasuhiro, Kei Hirose, Nagayoshi Sata, and Yasuo Ohishi. 2005. “The Pyrite-Type High-Pressure Form of Silica.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5736): 923–925.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lamattina, John L. 2012. Devalued and Distrusted. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
O’Neil, Maura. 2015. Liver Pathology for Clinicians. Edited by Ivan Damjanov and Ryan M. Taylor. 1st ed. 2015. Pathology for Clinicians. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lane, Nicholas D., Hong Lu, Shane B. Eisenman, and Andrew T. Campbell. 2008. “Cooperative Techniques Supporting Sensor-Based People-Centric Inferencing.” In Pervasive Computing: 6th International Conference, Pervasive 2008 Sydney, Australia, May 19-22, 2008 Proceedings, edited by Jadwiga Indulska, Donald J. Patterson, Tom Rodden, and Max Ott, 75–92. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Genetics and Society.

Blog post
Carpineti, Chris. 2017. “Watch How These Elephants Respond To A Swarm Of Bees.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Information Technology: DOD Needs to Strengthen Management of Its Statutorily Mandated Software and System Process Improvement Efforts. GAO-09-888. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gauen, Karen Earhart. 2009. “The Impact of the Instructional Practices Inventory at an Illinois Middle School.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, Sarah Maslin. 2017. “Doctor Storms Bronx Hospital In Fatal Attack.” New York Times, June 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dance 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dance 2015; Ringe and Petsko 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ringe and Petsko 2008)
  • Three authors: (Tanaka, Sawaya, and Yeates 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kuwayama et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Genetics and Society
AbbreviationNew Genet. Soc.
ISSN (print)1463-6778
ISSN (online)1469-9915
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects
Health(social science)

Other styles