How to format your references using the New Genetics and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Genetics and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hogan, Craig J. 2002. “Cosmology. The Beginning of Time.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5563): 2223–2225.
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller, Ulrike K., and David Lentink. 2004. “Physiology. Turning on a Dime.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5703): 1899–1900.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bayley, Peter J., Jennifer C. Frascino, and Larry R. Squire. 2005. “Robust Habit Learning in the Absence of Awareness and Independent of the Medial Temporal Lobe.” Nature 436 (7050): 550–553.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Curro, N. J., T. Caldwell, E. D. Bauer, L. A. Morales, M. J. Graf, Y. Bang, A. V. Balatsky, J. D. Thompson, and J. L. Sarrao. 2005. “Unconventional Superconductivity in PuCoGa5.” Nature 434 (7033): 622–625.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kizer, George. 2013. Digital Microwave Communication. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bux, Faizal, and Yusuf Chisti, eds. 2016. Algae Biotechnology: Products and Processes. 1st ed. 2016. Green Energy and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández-Ceniceros, Julio, Javier Antoñanzas Torres, Rubén Urraca-Valle, Enrique Sodupe-Ortega, and Andrés Sanz-García. 2014. “Soft Computing Metamodels for the Failure Prediction of T-Stub Bolted Connections.” In International Joint Conference SOCO’14-CISIS’14-ICEUTE’14: Bilbao, Spain, June 25th-27th, 2014, Proceedings, edited by José Gaviria de la Puerta, Iván García Ferreira, Pablo Garcia Bringas, Fanny Klett, Ajith Abraham, André C. P. L. F. de Carvalho, Álvaro Herrero, Bruno Baruque, Héctor Quintián, and Emilio Corchado, 41–51. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Genetics and Society.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “New Perfume Smells Stronger As You Sweat.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Motor Carrier Safety: FMCSA Has Devoted a Small but Increasing Amount of Resources to Develop the Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program but Is Requesting a Significant Increase for Full Implementation. GAO-11-416R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lund, Bryan C. 2017. “Physiological Response to Cycling at Different Pedal Rates during High Intensity Interval Training.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2003. “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Soldier Kills 4 Comrades, Then Himself.” New York Times, February 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hogan 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hogan 2002; Müller and Lentink 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Müller and Lentink 2004)
  • Three authors: (Bayley, Frascino, and Squire 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Curro et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Genetics and Society
AbbreviationNew Genet. Soc.
ISSN (print)1463-6778
ISSN (online)1469-9915
Health Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects
Health(social science)

Other styles