How to format your references using the Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Thamdrup, B. Geochemistry. New players in an ancient cycle. Science 317:1508–1509, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sauvageau, G., and R.K. Humphries. Medicine. The blood stem cell Holy Grail? Science 329:1291–1292, 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Holland, N.D., L.Z. Holland, and P.W.H. Holland. Scenarios for the making of vertebrates. Nature 520:450–455, 2015.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Macrì, S., C. Ceci, L. Altabella, R. Canese, and G. Laviola. The Directive 2010/63/EU on animal experimentation may skew the conclusions of pharmacological and behavioural studies. Sci. Rep. 3:2380, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Perez, A. Network Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
1. Oostra, R.-J. Steding’s and Virágh’s Scanning Electron Microscopy Atlas of the Developing Human Heart. edited by G. Steding, W.H. Lamers, and A.F.M. Moorman. New York, NY: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Braghieri, A., C. Pacelli, A. Bragaglio, E. Sabia, and F. Napolitano. The Hidden Costs of Livestock Environmental Sustainability: The Case of Podolian Cattle. In: The Sustainability of Agro-Food and Natural Resource Systems in the Mediterranean Basin, edited by A. Vastola. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering.

Blog post
1. Hale, T. Farmers Stumble Across Mammoth Skeleton In Their Soybean Field. IFLScience. IFLScience, , 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. National Highway System: Refinements Would Strengthen the System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, , 1994 Jul. Report No.: T-RCED-94-266.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ochse, A.R. Targeted Killing, Drones and International Law: How U.S. Practice is Shaping International Law [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University, , 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shear, M.D., and M. Apuzzo. Trump Fires Comey Amid Russia Inquiry. New York Times A1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 3,4.
This sentence cites four references 4,6–8.

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular and Molecular Bioengineering
AbbreviationCell. Mol. Bioeng.
ISSN (print)1865-5025
ISSN (online)1865-5033
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles