How to format your references using the Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Reichhardt, T. US astronomers draw up their wish list for a decade of funding. Nature 405:381–382, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sessolo, M., and H.J. Bolink. Solar cells. Perovskite solar cells join the major league. Science 350:917, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hessa, T., S.H. White, and G. von Heijne. Membrane insertion of a potassium-channel voltage sensor. Science 307:1427, 2005.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Candille, S.I. et al. A -defensin mutation causes black coat color in domestic dogs. Science 318:1418–1423, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Madden, B.J. Wealth Creation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
1. Canuto, C. Mathematical Analysis I. edited by A. Tabacco. Milano: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rehm, G., and H. Uszkoreit. Sprogteknologisk Støtte Til Dansk. In: The Danish Language in the Digital Age, edited by G. Rehm, and H. Uszkoreit. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 14–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering.

Blog post
1. Davis, J. Woman Gives Birth After Having Frozen Ovarian Tissue Re-Implanted In UK First. IFLScience. IFLScience, , 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Administration of Certain Allowances and Differentials Paid to Civilian Employees Located Overseas. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, , 1971 Apr. Report No.: 093007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wilensky, S.E. 340B prime vendor program: Health center decision making and barriers to participation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University, , 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Chira, S. New Era After O’Reilly? Women Aren’t So Sure. New York Times B7, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 5–8.

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular and Molecular Bioengineering
AbbreviationCell. Mol. Bioeng.
ISSN (print)1865-5025
ISSN (online)1865-5033
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles