How to format your references using the Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hasinger, G. Peeking into the obscured universe. Nature 404:443, 445–6, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Towbin, J.A., and N.E. Bowles. The failing heart. Nature 415:227–233, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Schaller, J., A. Weiske, and F. Berger. Thunderbolt in biogeochemistry: galvanic effects of lightning as another source for metal remobilization. Sci. Rep. 3:3122, 2013.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Campbell, A.M. et al. Collaborative programs. Genome Consortium for Active Teaching (GCAT). Science 311:1103–1104, 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sehgal, V. Supply Chain as Strategic Asset. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
1. Macfarlane, P.W., A. van Oosterom, O. Pahlm, P. Kligfield, M. Janse, and J. Camm, editors. Comprehensive Electrocardiology. 2nd ed. London: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Modaressi, H., N. Desramaut, and P. Gehl. Specification of the Vulnerability of Physical Systems. In: SYNER-G: Systemic Seismic Vulnerability and Risk Assessment of Complex Urban, Utility, Lifeline Systems and Critical Facilities: Methodology and Applications, edited by K. Pitilakis, P. Franchin, B. Khazai, and H. Wenzel. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014, pp. 131–184.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering.

Blog post
1. Andrew, E. The First Space Walk Happened 50 Years Ago, And Nearly Ended In Disaster. IFLScience. IFLScience, , 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Force F-22 Embedded Computers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, , 1994 Sep. Report No.: AIMD-94-177R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Frisbee, K.L. The impact of mobile health (mhealth) technology on family caregiver’s burden levels and an assessment of variations in mhealth tool use [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University, , 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 3,6–8.

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular and Molecular Bioengineering
AbbreviationCell. Mol. Bioeng.
ISSN (print)1865-5025
ISSN (online)1865-5033
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles