How to format your references using the Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Salmeron, M. Chemistry. CO meets CO, one at a time. Science 343:1083–1084, 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lynch, M., and J.S. Conery. The origins of genome complexity. Science 302:1401–1404, 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Merritt, J.M., V.E. Bondybey, and M.C. Heaven. Beryllium dimer--caught in the act of bonding. Science 324:1548–1551, 2009.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Moon, K.-W., B.S. Chun, W. Kim, Z.Q. Qiu, and C. Hwang. Duffing oscillation-induced reversal of magnetic vortex core by a resonant perpendicular magnetic field. Sci. Rep. 4:6170, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Taber, D.F. Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
1. Ali, S.Z. Breast Cytopathology. edited by A.V. Parwani. New York, NY: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jörntell, H. Synergy Control in Subcortical Circuitry: Insights from Neurophysiology. In: Human and Robot Hands: Sensorimotor Synergies to Bridge the Gap Between Neuroscience and Robotics, edited by M. Bianchi, and A. Moscatelli. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 61–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering.

Blog post
1. Hale, T. Deer Photographed Gnawing On Human Remains For The First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience, , 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. IT Dashboard: Agencies Are Managing Investment Risk, but Related Ratings Need to Be More Accurate and Available. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, , 2013 Dec. Report No.: GAO-14-64.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Creason, P.J. The assessment of student learning outcomes at a California community college: Insight from faculty in a single department [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach, , 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow, L. For Roosevelt Schools, New Year and New Woes. New York Times 14LI2, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 3,4.
This sentence cites four references 3,5,7,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular and Molecular Bioengineering
AbbreviationCell. Mol. Bioeng.
ISSN (print)1865-5025
ISSN (online)1865-5033
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles