How to format your references using the New Forests citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Forests. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage N (2012) Materials science: Super carbon. Nature 483:S30-1
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker MJ, Beatson SA (2012) Epidemiology. Outsmarting outbreaks. Science 338:1161–1162
A journal article with 3 authors
Malakoff D, Yeston J, Smith J (2010) Getting better to get bigger. Science 329:779
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hu Q, Xu D-H, Zhou Y, et al (2013) Position-sensitive spectral splitting with a plasmonic nanowire on silicon chip. Sci Rep 3:3095

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adámek J (1991) Foundations of Coding. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Zaidi H (ed) (2006) Quantitative Analysis in Nuclear Medicine Imaging. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Li D, Li Z, Ma W, Chen H (2010) Constrained Surface-Level Gateway Placement for Underwater Acoustic Wireless Sensor Networks. In: Wu W, Daescu O (eds) Combinatorial Optimization and Applications: 4th International Conference, COCOA 2010, Kailua-Kona, HI, USA, December 18-20, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 46–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Forests.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Our Ancestors Were Carnivorous Super-Predators, So Do We Really Have A Choice About Eating Meat? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Federal Transit Administration: Bus Rapid Transit Offers Communities a Flexible Mass Transit Option. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson AM (2009) A novel role for MUC7 mucin glycoprotein in the innate immunity and genetic propensity of asthma. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) A Den of Family Dysfunction. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Savage 2012; Walker and Beatson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walker and Beatson 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Forests
AbbreviationNew Forests
ISSN (print)0169-4286
ISSN (online)1573-5095
ScopeForestry

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