How to format your references using the Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dang CV. Gene regulation: fine-tuned amplification in cells. Nature 2014;511:417–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Thompson H, Tucker AS. Dual origin of the epithelium of the mammalian middle ear. Science 2013;339:1453–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Moldoveanu T, Gehring K, Green DR. Concerted multi-pronged attack by calpastatin to occlude the catalytic cleft of heterodimeric calpains. Nature 2008;456:404–8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Poskanzer KE, Marek KW, Sweeney ST et al. Synaptotagmin I is necessary for compensatory synaptic vesicle endocytosis in vivo. Nature 2003;426:559–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cotarca L, Eckert H. Phosgenations - A Handbook. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005.
An edited book
1. Corchado E, Novais P, Analide C et al. eds. Soft Computing Models in Industrial and Environmental Applications, 5th International Workshop (SOCO 2010). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Roberts{roJoint Chairman} TA, Cordier J-L, Gram L et al. Vegetables and vegetable products. In: roJoint Chairman, Cordier J-L, Gram L, et al. (eds.). Micro-Organisms in Foods 6: Microbial Ecology of Food Commodities. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2005, 277–325.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Perhaps Porn Doesn’t Make Men Fall Out of Love After All. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Financial Management: NASA’s Decisions Are Based on Unreliable Systems Data and Reports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bankas JK. CAFE—Community and Family Enrichment: Toward Community-Based Mental Health Support for Families. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Court Rules Coach’s Violations Are Not a Form of Free Speech. New York Times. June 22, 2007:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hip Preservation Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Hip Preserv. Surg.
ISSN (online)2054-8397

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