How to format your references using the Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Falkowski PG. Evolution. Tracing oxygen’s imprint on earth’s metabolic evolution. Science 2006;311:1724–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Williams RJ, Martinez ND. Simple rules yield complex food webs. Nature 2000;404:180–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mochizuki K, Matsumoto M, Ohmine I. Defect pair separation as the controlling step in homogeneous ice melting. Nature 2013;498:350–4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. He C, Dong S, Santosh M et al. Seismic Evidence for a Geosuture between the Yangtze and Cathaysia Blocks, South China. Sci Rep 2013;3:2200.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ham BM. Proteomics of Biological Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
1. Brumme R, Khanna PK eds. Functioning and Management of European Beech Ecosystems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sheaff MT, Singh N. Serous Fluids. In: Singh N (ed.). Cytopathology: An Introduction. London: Springer, 2013, 101–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. New Study Sheds Light On The Origin Of Dolphins. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Department of Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Canetta SE. Type III Neuregulin1 Signaling in Peripheral Sensory Neurons Affects Thermal Pain Sensation and Hyperalgesia. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. St. John Kelly E. Building a Business, Quarter by Quarter. New York Times. May 17, 1998:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hip Preservation Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Hip Preserv. Surg.
ISSN (online)2054-8397

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