How to format your references using the Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Davies K. Keep the directive that protects research animals. Nature 2015;521:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wagner EF, Petruzzelli M. Cancer metabolism: A waste of insulin interference. Nature 2015;521:430–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Watts DJ, Dodds PS, Newman MEJ. Identity and search in social networks. Science 2002;296:1302–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Shaw DE, Maragakis P, Lindorff-Larsen K et al. Atomic-level characterization of the structural dynamics of proteins. Science 2010;330:341–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Nappi E, Peskov V. Imaging Gaseous Detectors and Their Applications. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013.
An edited book
1. Riele K te, Gorur R eds. Interrogating Conceptions of “Vulnerable Youth” in Theory, Policy and Practice. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mulkidjanian AY. Abiotic Photosynthesis. In: Gargaud M, Irvine WM, Amils R, et al. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Astrobiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015, 26–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery.

Blog post
1. Hale T. This “Temporary Tattoo” Tells You If You Are Too Drunk. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: FAA Has Many Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but More Oversight of Operational Systems Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Solorzano E. A mindfulness-based psycho-educational group for caregivers of older adults: A grant proposal. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly S. Op-Art. New York Times. November 1, 2003:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hip Preservation Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Hip Preserv. Surg.
ISSN (online)2054-8397

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