How to format your references using the Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ohashi PS. Immunology. Exposing thy self. Science 2002;298:1348–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Jung H, Karato S. Water-induced fabric transitions in olivine. Science 2001;293:1460–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Stuphorn V, Taylor TL, Schall JD. Performance monitoring by the supplementary eye field. Nature 2000;408:857–60.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. O’rand MG, Widgren EE, Sivashanmugam P et al. Reversible immunocontraception in male monkeys immunized with eppin. Science 2004;306:1189–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ferguson N, Schneier B, Kohno T. Cryptography Engineering. Indianapolis, Indiana: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2015.
An edited book
1. Sassa K, Canuti P, Yin Y eds. Landslide Science for a Safer Geoenvironment: Vol.1: The International Programme on Landslides (IPL). Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tcholtchev N, Schieferdecker I. Framework for Ensuring Runtime Stability of Control Loops in Multi-agent Networked Environments. In: Gavrilova ML, Tan CJK (eds.). Transactions on Computational Science XXII. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, 64–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. 14 Scientific Tricks to Beat Stress, Anxiety, And Fear. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Intelsat Privatization and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Alexander BC. A descriptive study of intercollegiate athletics in Mississippi’s public community and junior colleges. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Rostropovich Is Laid to Rest Near Another Russian Titan. New York Times. April 30, 2007:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hip Preservation Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Hip Preserv. Surg.
ISSN (online)2054-8397

Other styles