How to format your references using the Journal of Visualization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Visualization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angell CA (2008) Insights into phases of liquid water from study of its unusual glass-forming properties. Science 319:582–587
A journal article with 2 authors
Giovannoni SJ, Vergin KL (2012) Seasonality in ocean microbial communities. Science 335:671–676
A journal article with 3 authors
Batey RT, Gilbert SD, Montange RK (2004) Structure of a natural guanine-responsive riboswitch complexed with the metabolite hypoxanthine. Nature 432:411–415
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kang Y, Kuybeda O, de Waal PW, et al (2018) Publisher Correction: Cryo-EM structure of human rhodopsin bound to an inhibitory G protein. Nature 561:E44

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burger M, Graeber B, Schindlmayr G (2014) Managing Energy Risk. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Barbé E, Costa O, Kissack R (eds) (2016) EU Policy Responses to a Shifting Multilateral System. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
González-Navarro FF, Belanche-Muñoz LA (2011) Parsimonious Selection of Useful Genes in Microarray Gene Expression Data. In: Arabnia HR, Tran Q-N (eds) Software Tools and Algorithms for Biological Systems. Springer, New York, NY, pp 45–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Visualization.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) The Seasons Affect How Your Genes Work. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Higher Education: Federal Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Programs and Related Trends. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moody VJ (2012) Examining leadership styles and employee engagement in the public and private sectors. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ford Fessenden; Kate, Reporting LSC (2007) Long Island Aid Comes at Westchester’s Expense. New York Times 14WC5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Angell 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Angell 2008; Giovannoni and Vergin 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Giovannoni and Vergin 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kang et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Visualization
AbbreviationJ. Vis. (Tokyo)
ISSN (print)1343-8875
ISSN (online)1875-8975
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles