How to format your references using the Journal of Visualization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Visualization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mullin T (2002) Granular materials. Mixing and de-mixing. Science 295:1851
A journal article with 2 authors
Long M, Thornton K (2001) Gene duplication and evolution. Science 293:1551
A journal article with 3 authors
Ostojic S, Somfai E, Nienhuis B (2006) Scale invariance and universality of force networks in static granular matter. Nature 439:828–830
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Smith PA, Koehler MFT, Girgis HS, et al (2018) Optimized arylomycins are a new class of Gram-negative antibiotics. Nature 561:189–194

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews GG (2002) Cellular Physiology of Nerve and Muscle. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Malden, MA USA
An edited book
Klekamp J (2007) Surgery of Spinal Tumors. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Russett BM (2015) Transactions, Community, and International Political Integration. In: Starr H (ed) Bruce M. Russett: Pioneer in the Scientific and Normative Study of War, Peace, and Policy. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 53–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Visualization.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Researcher Finds Support For One Of Darwin’s Controversial Theories. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Public Transportation: Survey of Project Sponsors on Their Transit Projects and Experience with the Federal Transit Administration’s New Starts and Small Starts Programs (GAO-07-927SP, July 2007), an E-supplement to GAO-07-917. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyle LL (2014) Relationship between managerial responsiveness, managerial approachability, and prosocial voice among acute-care registered nurses. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M (2017) Artistic Director Leaves The Labyrinth Theater. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mullin 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Long and Thornton 2001; Mullin 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Long and Thornton 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Visualization
AbbreviationJ. Vis. (Tokyo)
ISSN (print)1343-8875
ISSN (online)1875-8975
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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