How to format your references using the Journal of Visualization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Visualization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Wijn AG (2012) Astronomy. Measuring solar magnetism. Science 338:476–477
A journal article with 2 authors
Taira T, Hatoyama Y (2011) Nuclear energy: Nationalize the Fukushima Daiichi atomic plant. Nature 480:313–314
A journal article with 3 authors
Gess RW, Coates MI, Rubidge BS (2006) A lamprey from the Devonian period of South Africa. Nature 443:981–984
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Terada K, Anand M, Sokol AK, et al (2007) Cryptomare magmatism 4.35 Gyr ago recorded in lunar meteorite Kalahari 009. Nature 450:849–852

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martinelli RJ, Milosevic DZ (2015) Project Management ToolBox. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Baum CE, Stone AP, Tyo JS (eds) (2007) Ultra-Wideband Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 8. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Rosner M, Joachimsen J (2012) Dwar META-NET. In: Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (eds) The Maltese Language in the Digital Age. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 42–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Visualization.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Bolivia’s Fast-Melting Glaciers Are Leaving Behind Lakes That Could Cause Catastrophic Floods. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Aerospace Testing: Promise of Closer NASA/DOD Cooperation Remains Largely Unfulfilled. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Narang S (2013) Use of technology to reduce the occurrence of medication errors in a U.S. hospital: A project report. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF (2006) Cupid With a Dark Side. New York Times 14LI7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Wijn 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Taira and Hatoyama 2011; de Wijn 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taira and Hatoyama 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Terada et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Visualization
AbbreviationJ. Vis. (Tokyo)
ISSN (print)1343-8875
ISSN (online)1875-8975
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles