How to format your references using the New Astronomy Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Astronomy Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krot, A.N., 2011. Planetary science. Bringing part of an asteroid back home. Science 333, 1098–1099.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Brien, T.G., Kinnaird, M.F., 2003. Conservation. Caffeine and conservation. Science 300, 587.
A journal article with 3 authors
Plotkin, J.B., Dushoff, J., Fraser, H.B., 2004. Detecting selection using a single genome sequence of M. tuberculosis and P. falciparum. Nature 428, 942–945.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gu, M., Xiao, X.-C., Liu, G., Thevuthasan, S., Baer, D.R., Zhang, J.-G., Liu, J., Browning, N.D., Wang, C.-M., 2014. Mesoscale origin of the enhanced cycling-stability of the Si-conductive polymer anode for Li-ion batteries. Sci. Rep. 4, 3684.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Green, P.E., Jr., 2005. Fiber to the Home. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yee, D.A. (Ed.), 2014. Ecology, Systematics, and the Natural History of Predaceous Diving Beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
FitzGerald, D., Paulus, J., 2006. Unpitched Percussion Transcription, in: Klapuri, A., Davy, M. (Eds.), Signal Processing Methods for Music Transcription. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 131–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Astronomy Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Plague Outbreak In USA Is Traced To Pet Dog [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. FAA’s Proposed Plan for Implementing a Reliability Centered Maintenance Process for Air Traffic Control Equipment (No. GAO-07-81R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrison, G.K., 2010. Self-reported, interview-assisted diet records underreport protein and energy intake in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N., 2015. Conspiracy Theories Mix With Somber Condolences. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krot, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Krot, 2011; O’Brien and Kinnaird, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Brien and Kinnaird, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Astronomy Reviews
AbbreviationNew Astron. Rev.
ISSN (print)1387-6473
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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