How to format your references using the New Astronomy Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Astronomy Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D., 2002. Marie Curie doesn’t live here, Japanese women say. Nature 419, 768.
A journal article with 2 authors
Houghton, M., Abrignani, S., 2005. Prospects for a vaccine against the hepatitis C virus. Nature 436, 961–966.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reimand, J., Wagih, O., Bader, G.D., 2013. The mutational landscape of phosphorylation signaling in cancer. Sci. Rep. 3, 2651.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, D.-S., Chang, Z., Li, Y.-F., Jiang, Z.-Y., Xuan, Z.-H., Zhang, Y.-H., Li, J.-R., Chen, Q., Hu, T.-L., Bu, X.-H., 2013. Fluorous metal-organic frameworks with enhanced stability and high H2/CO2 storage capacities. Sci. Rep. 3, 3312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Donham, K.J., Thelin, A., 2016. Agricultural Medicine. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Winkler, F. (Ed.), 2011. Algebraic Informatics: 4th International Conference, CAI 2011, Linz, Austria, June 21-24, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kari, J., Salo, V., Törmä, I., 2014. Trace Complexity of Chaotic Reversible Cellular Automata, in: Yamashita, S., Minato, S.-I. (Eds.), Reversible Computation: 6th International Conference, RC 2014, Kyoto, Japan, July 10-11, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 54–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Astronomy Reviews.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. Global Warming Is Turning Cities Into Costly “Urban Heat Islands” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. IRS ADP Contracts (No. GGD-92-14R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell, S.F., 2009. Life-review therapy: A prevention program for the elderly who are experiencing life transitions. A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; There They Go Again: Clinton and Gore Climb Back on Bus for a 3-Day Trip. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski, 2002; Houghton and Abrignani, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Houghton and Abrignani, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Astronomy Reviews
AbbreviationNew Astron. Rev.
ISSN (print)1387-6473
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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