How to format your references using the New Astronomy Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Astronomy Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
’t Hooft, G., 2007. The making of the standard model. Nature 448, 271–273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwab, M.E., Buchli, A.D., 2012. Drug research: plug the real brain drain. Nature 483, 267–268.
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins, F.S., Morgan, M., Patrinos, A., 2003. The Human Genome Project: lessons from large-scale biology. Science 300, 286–290.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sencan, I., Coskun, A.F., Sikora, U., Ozcan, A., 2014. Spectral demultiplexing in holographic and fluorescent on-chip microscopy. Sci. Rep. 4, 3760.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
American Counseling Association, 2015. The ACA Encyclopedia of Counseling. American Counseling Association, Alexandria, VA, USA.
An edited book
Oliveira, L.C. de, Silva, T. (Eds.), 2016. Second Language Writing in Elementary Classrooms: Instructional Issues, Content-area Writing and Teacher Education. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Joseph, M.S., M.a, A., G.a, R., Raju, R., V.k., J., 2010. Navigation and Position Control of Underwater Vehicle ROSUB 6000, in: Vadakkepat, P., Kim, J.-H., Jesse, N., Mamun, A.A., Kiong, T.K., Baltes, J., Anderson, J., Verner, I., Ahlgren, D. (Eds.), Trends in Intelligent Robotics: 13th FIRA Robot World Congress, FIRA 2010, Bangalore, India, September 15-17, 2010. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Astronomy Reviews.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Blue Origin Shows Off Its New Reusable Rocket To Take On SpaceX [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Critical Infrastructure Protection: “ILOVEYOU” Computer Virus Highlights Need for Improved Alert and Coordination Capabilities (No. T-AIMD-00-181). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coulibaly, I., 2017. Influence of Gender and Age on the Performance of a PBIS program: Quantitative Analysis of Secondary Data from a Midwestern Suburban Public Middle School (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes, B., 2017. Golden Globes Put Stars and Politics on the Stage. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (’t Hooft, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Schwab and Buchli, 2012; ’t Hooft, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwab and Buchli, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Sencan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Astronomy Reviews
AbbreviationNew Astron. Rev.
ISSN (print)1387-6473
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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