How to format your references using the New Astronomy Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Astronomy Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knapp, S., 2002. Fact and fantasy. The zoology created by our imagination is far outstripped by that of reality. Nature 415, 479.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reynolds, J.D., Freckleton, R.P., 2005. Ecology. Population dynamics: growing to extremes. Science 309, 567–568.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, H.H., Woo, K., Ahn, J.-P., 2013. Core-shell bimetallic nanoparticles robustly fixed on the outermost surface of magnetic silica microspheres. Sci. Rep. 3, 1497.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Semaw, S., Simpson, S.W., Quade, J., Renne, P.R., Butler, R.F., McIntosh, W.C., Levin, N., Dominguez-Rodrigo, M., Rogers, M.J., 2005. Early Pliocene hominids from Gona, Ethiopia. Nature 433, 301–305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simpkins, C.A., Simpkins, A.M., 2011. Zen Meditation in Psychotherapy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Supalov, A., 2014. Optimizing HPC Applications with Intel® Cluster Tools. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Piccardi, C., Casagrandi, R., 2009. Remarks on Epidemic Spreading in Scale-Free Networks, in: Chiuso, A., Fortuna, L., Frasca, M., Rizzo, A., Schenato, L., Zampieri, S. (Eds.), Modelling, Estimation and Control of Networked Complex Systems, Understanding Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 77–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Astronomy Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Exxon Knew About Climate Change In 1981 – And Covered It Up [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Information Technology: Management Needs to Address Reporting of IRS Investments’ Cost, Schedule, and Scope Information (No. GAO-15-297). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gleason, R., 2013. Nanosphere lithography applied to magnetic thin films (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. A Living Painting to Make You See. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knapp, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Knapp, 2002; Reynolds and Freckleton, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reynolds and Freckleton, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Semaw et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Astronomy Reviews
AbbreviationNew Astron. Rev.
ISSN (print)1387-6473
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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