How to format your references using the New Astronomy Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Astronomy Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hubbell, J.A., 2003. Materials science. Enhancing drug function. Science 300, 595–596.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leeman, D.S., Brunet, A., 2014. Stem cells: Sex specificity in the blood. Nature 505, 488–490.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saitou, M., Barton, S.C., Surani, M.A., 2002. A molecular programme for the specification of germ cell fate in mice. Nature 418, 293–300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhu, Y., Cao, C., Tao, S., Chu, W., Wu, Z., Li, Y., 2014. Ultrathin nickel hydroxide and oxide nanosheets: synthesis, characterizations and excellent supercapacitor performances. Sci. Rep. 4, 5787.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paret, D., 2012. Flexray and its Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Damm, W., Hermanns, H. (Eds.), 2007. Computer Aided Verification: 19th International Conference, CAV 2007, Berlin, Germany, July 3-7, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Wright, S., Erkes, C., 2012. User Training and Adoption, in: Erkes, C. (Ed.), Pro SharePoint 2010 Governance. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 55–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Astronomy Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why We Need To Listen To The Real Experts In Science [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Aviation Safety: Targeting and Training of FAA’s Safety Inspector Workforce (No. T-RCED-96-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sumner, I., 2010. Quantum wavepacket ab initio molecular dynamics: Simulating quantum nuclear effects in complex systems (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2013. ‘Dark Knight Returns’ Cover Art Goes for Sale. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hubbell, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hubbell, 2003; Leeman and Brunet, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leeman and Brunet, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Astronomy Reviews
AbbreviationNew Astron. Rev.
ISSN (print)1387-6473
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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