How to format your references using the Complementary Therapies in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Complementary Therapies in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schilling G. ASTRONOMY: Watch This Space! Science. 2000;289(5477):238b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ocampo A, Izpisua Belmonte JC. Stem cells. Holding your breath for longevity. Science. 2015;347(6228):1319-1320.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kelber A, Balkenius A, Warrant EJ. Scotopic colour vision in nocturnal hawkmoths. Nature. 2002;419(6910):922-925.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kiers ET, Rousseau RA, West SA, Denison RF. Host sanctions and the legume-rhizobium mutualism. Nature. 2003;425(6953):78-81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Henry-Labordère A. Virtual Roaming Systems for GSM, GPRS and UMTS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Martín-Sánchez JM. ADEX Optimized Adaptive Controllers and Systems: From Research to Industrial Practice. (Rodellar J, ed.). Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pavlíková EA, Basovníková M. Current Developments in Corporate Social Responsibility in the EU. In: Huber P, Nerudová D, Rozmahel P, eds. Competitiveness, Social Inclusion and Sustainability in a Diverse European Union: Perspectives from Old and New Member States. Springer International Publishing; 2016:77-98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Complementary Therapies in Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Magnetic Fields Can Control Heat And Sound. IFLScience. Published March 23, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/magnetic-fields-can-control-heat-and-sound/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Cloud Computing: Agencies Need to Incorporate Key Practices to Ensure Effective Performance. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hatcher R. Guide to improvisation for Mozart’s serenade in Bb Major, K. 361, the “Gran Partita.” Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly K. From Wall Street to National Mall. New York Times. January 20, 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleComplementary Therapies in Medicine
AbbreviationComplement. Ther. Med.
ISSN (print)0965-2299
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine
Advanced and Specialised Nursing
Complementary and Manual Therapy

Other styles