How to format your references using the Neurotoxicology and Teratology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurotoxicology and Teratology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fais, F., 2007. Making contacts online. Nature 447, 1140.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghose, G.M., Maunsell, J.H.R., 2002. Attentional modulation in visual cortex depends on task timing. Nature 419, 616–620.
A journal article with 3 authors
Orlitsky, A., Santhanam, N.P., Zhang, J., 2003. Always Good Turing: asymptotically optimal probability estimation. Science 302, 427–431.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Radha, B., Lim, S.H., Saifullah, M.S.M., Kulkarni, G.U., 2013. Metal hierarchical patterning by direct nanoimprint lithography. Sci. Rep. 3, 1078.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, A.B., 2011. Financial Markets and Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Erto, P. (Ed.), 2009. Statistics for Innovation: Statistical Design of “Continuous” Product Innovation. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Richardson, S., Gilmour, N., 2016. Table, in: Gilmour, N. (Ed.), Intelligence and Security Oversight: An Annotated Bibliography and Comparative Analysis. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 13–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurotoxicology and Teratology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2014. 50 Science Misconceptions [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Railroad Safety: DOT Faces Challenges in Improving Grade Crossing Safety, Track Inspection Standards, and Passenger Car Safety (No. T-RCED-96-115). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salazar, A., 2012. Small school, big gains: A case study of urban high school reform (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2002. Adaptive Sports Stoke the Competitive Spirit. New York Times D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fais, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Fais, 2007; Ghose and Maunsell, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghose and Maunsell, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Radha et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurotoxicology and Teratology
AbbreviationNeurotoxicol. Teratol.
ISSN (print)0892-0362
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

Other styles