How to format your references using the Neurotoxicology and Teratology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurotoxicology and Teratology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, N., 2007. Antibodies: The generation game. Nature 447, 741–744.
A journal article with 2 authors
Drake, J.J., Testa, P., 2005. The “solar model problem” solved by the abundance of neon in nearby stars. Nature 436, 525–528.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tritsch, N.X., Ding, J.B., Sabatini, B.L., 2012. Dopaminergic neurons inhibit striatal output through non-canonical release of GABA. Nature 490, 262–266.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ahn, S., Seo, E., Kim, K., Lee, S.J., 2013. Controlled cellular uptake and drug efficacy of nanotherapeutics. Sci. Rep. 3, 1997.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Roy, D., Rao, G.V., 2012. Elements of Structural Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nawrat, A., Kuś, Z. (Eds.), 2013. Vision Based Systemsfor UAV Applications, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Felici, G., Sun, F., Truemper, K., 2006. Learning Logic Formulas and Related Error Distributions, in: Triantaphyllou, E., Felici, G. (Eds.), Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Approaches Based on Rule Induction Techniques, Massive Computing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 193–226.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurotoxicology and Teratology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Can You Guess What Object Is In These Microscopic Images? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Space Program: Space Debris a Potential Threat to Space Station and Shuttle (No. IMTEC-90-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Damiano, E.S., 2010. The effects of psychological stress on physical health over time (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Berkman, S., 2017. Mets’ Matz Needs Elbow Surgery in Another Blow to the Rotation. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Blow, 2007; Drake and Testa, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Drake and Testa, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ahn et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurotoxicology and Teratology
AbbreviationNeurotoxicol. Teratol.
ISSN (print)0892-0362
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

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