How to format your references using the Journal of Hainan Medical University citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hainan Medical University (JHMU). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Blau HM. A twist of fate. Nature 2002;419(6906):437.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Goyal S, Zandstra PW. Stem cells: Chasing blood. Nature 2015;518(7540):488–490.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yamashita F, Fukuyama E, Omura K. Estimation of fault strength: reconstruction of stress before the 1995 Kobe earthquake. Science 2004;306(5694):261–263.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Saito M, Tsounapi P, Oikawa R, Shimizu S, Honda M, Sejima T, et al. Prostatic ischemia induces ventral prostatic hyperplasia in the SHR; possible mechanism of development of BPH. Sci Rep 2014;4:3822.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Nguyen K, Guo X, Pan Y. Multiple Biological Sequence Alignment: Scoring Functions, Algorithms and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Castelluccia C, Hartenstein H, Paar C, Westhoff D (eds.). Security in Ad-hoc and Sensor Networks: First European Workshop, ESAS 2004, Heidelberg, Germany, August 6, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Solé M, Carmona J. An SMT-Based Discovery Algorithm for C-Nets. In: Haddad S, Pomello L, editors. Application and Theory of Petri Nets: 33rd International Conference, PETRI NETS 2012, Hamburg, Germany, June 25-29, 2012. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: 51–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hainan Medical University.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Confirmation of Human Neanderthal Interbreeding. IFLScience. 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/confirmation-human-neanderthal-interbreeding/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. FAA Procurement: Major Data-Processing Contract Should Not Be Awarded. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Nauman T. Digital soil-landscape classification for soil survey using ASTER satellite and digital elevation data in Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J, Kovaleski SF. Actor’s Past Surfaces in Prosecutors’ Investigation of Penn State. New York Times. 2016;:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hainan Medical University
ISSN (print)1007-1237
Scope

Other styles