How to format your references using the Journal of Hainan Medical University citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hainan Medical University (JHMU). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Roberge A. Astronomy: Hurling comets around a planetary nursery. Nature 2014;514(7523):440–441.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gallotti R, Barthelemy M. Anatomy and efficiency of urban multimodal mobility. Sci Rep 2014;4:6911.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zheng H, Wisedchaisri G, Gonen T. Crystal structure of a nitrate/nitrite exchanger. Nature 2013;497(7451):647–651.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Meyer WK, Jamison J, Richter R, Woods SE, Partha R, Kowalczyk A, et al. Ancient convergent losses of Paraoxonase 1 yield potential risks for modern marine mammals. Science 2018;361(6402):591–594.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Quadbeck-Seeger H-J. World of the Elements. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2007.
An edited book
[1]
Uustalu T (ed.). Mathematics of Program Construction: 8th International Conference, MPC 2006, Kuressaare, Estonia, July 3-5, 2006. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Draskoczy B. Fitness Distance Correlation and Search Space Analysis for Permutation Based Problems. In: Cowling P, Merz P, editors. Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 10th European Conference, EvoCOP 2010, Istanbul, Turkey, April 7-9, 2010. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hainan Medical University.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Discovered: Stone Tools That Go Back Beyond Earliest Humans. IFLScience. 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Disability Claims Processing: SSA Is Proceeding with Its Accelerated Systems Initiative but Needs to Address Operational Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Berkland M. Strain analysis of a detachment shear zone. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Already Loaded With Talent, Cubs May Get a Slugger Back From an Injury. New York Times. 2016;:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hainan Medical University
ISSN (print)1007-1237
Scope

Other styles