How to format your references using the Neurosurgical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurosurgical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Shepherd GM (2006) Smell images and the flavour system in the human brain. Nature 444:316–321
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Stone R, Jasny B (2013) Communication in science pressures and predators. Scientific discourse: buckling at the seams. Introduction. Science 342:56–57
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kumarevel T, Mizuno H, Kumar PKR (2005) Structural basis of HutP-mediated anti-termination and roles of the Mg2+ ion and L-histidine ligand. Nature 434:183–191
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Peichel CL, Nereng KS, Ohgi KA, Cole BL, Colosimo PF, Buerkle CA, Schluter D, Kingsley DM (2001) The genetic architecture of divergence between threespine stickleback species. Nature 414:901–905

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hornberg A (2017) Handbook of Machine and Computer Vision. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Van Gorp P, Engels G (2016) Theory and Practice of Model Transformations: 9th International Conference, ICMT 2016, Held as Part of STAF 2016, Vienna, Austria, July 4-5, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sharma A, Srivastava J, Kumar A (2015) A Comprehensive Overview of Renewable Energy Status in India. In: Thangavel P, Sridevi G (eds) Environmental Sustainability: Role of Green Technologies. Springer India, New Delhi, pp 91–105

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurosurgical Review.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2017) We Are Now In “Uncharted Territory” As Climate Change Continues Into 2017. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1997) Aviation Safety: Installation of Smoke Detection and Fire Suppression Systems in U.S. Transport Aircraft. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Valadez I (2010) A psycho-education peer support group for homeless youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices Consider a Loss in a 401(k) Plan. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [4, 6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurosurgical Review
AbbreviationNeurosurg. Rev.
ISSN (print)0344-5607
ISSN (online)1437-2320
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Surgery

Other styles