How to format your references using the Neurosurgical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurosurgical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wadsworth P (2003) Cell biology. Persistence pays. Science 300:1675–1677
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schappacher M, Deffieux A (2008) Synthesis of macrocyclic copolymer brushes and their self-assembly into supramolecular tubes. Science 319:1512–1515
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kaib NA, Raymond SN, Duncan M (2013) Planetary system disruption by Galactic perturbations to wide binary stars. Nature 493:381–384
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Koch P, Breuer P, Peitz M, Jungverdorben J, Kesavan J, Poppe D, Doerr J, Ladewig J, Mertens J, Tüting T, Hoffmann P, Klockgether T, Evert BO, Wüllner U, Brüstle O (2011) Excitation-induced ataxin-3 aggregation in neurons from patients with Machado-Joseph disease. Nature 480:543–546

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Youssef HA (2015) Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Cherifi H, Zain JM, El-Qawasmeh E (2011) Digital Information and Communication Technology and Its Applications: International Conference, DICTAP 2011, Dijon, France, June 21-23, 2011. Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sprake J (2012) Traits of the Tour and Tour-Guide. In: Sprake J (ed) Learning-Through-Touring: Mobilising Learners and Touring Technologies to Creatively Explore the Built Environment. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 81–145

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurosurgical Review.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2015) Nobel Prize In Physics Awarded For The Solution To The “Missing Neutrinos” Puzzle. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2000) Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ August 2000 Interim Spending Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Greenhall JA (2008) Elucidating mechanisms of accelerated neurological aging. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
ADAM LIPTAK; Janet Roberts contributed reporting for this series. Research was contributed by Jack Styczynski, Amster L, Anderson D, Begg J, Delaquérière A, Jamison S, Lyles T, Wilder C (2005) Serving Life, With No Chance of Redemption. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3, 4].
This sentence cites four references [4, 6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurosurgical Review
AbbreviationNeurosurg. Rev.
ISSN (print)0344-5607
ISSN (online)1437-2320
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Surgery

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