How to format your references using the The Journal of Finance and Data Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Finance and Data Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Emmons SW. Neuroscience. The mood of a worm. Science. 2012;338(6106):475-476.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wen L, Tang F. Computational biology: How to catch rare cell types. Nature. 2015;525(7568):197-198.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Qian L, Winfree E, Bruck J. Neural network computation with DNA strand displacement cascades. Nature. 2011;475(7356):368-372.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yang H, Li J-J, Liu S, et al. Aggregation of polyglutamine-expanded ataxin-3 sequesters its specific interacting partners into inclusions: implication in a loss-of-function pathology. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6410.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Paschedag AR. CFD in Der Verfahrenstechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Kee Y, Lee SJ, Phillips R, eds. Social Factors and Community Well-Being. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jenkins DH. The Effects of Bullets. In: Brooks AJ, Clasper J, Midwinter M, Hodgetts TJ, Mahoney PF, eds. Ryan’s Ballistic Trauma: A Practical Guide. Springer; 2011:37-40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Finance and Data Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How We Can Break Free From Sexism In Science. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Unfunded Mandates: Analysis of Reform Act Coverage. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Maitland J. Differences in Perceived Organizational Justice Based Upon Overall Performance Appraisal Ratings. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M. An Alternative to New York Hotels, if Not Welcome by All. New York Times. October 22, 2014:B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Finance and Data Science
ISSN (print)2405-9188
Scope

Other styles