How to format your references using the The Journal of Finance and Data Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Finance and Data Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M. Proteomics: The interaction map. Nature. 2012;484(7393):271-275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu C-Y, Bard AJ. Pressure-induced insulator conductor transition in a photoconducting organic liquid-crystal film. Nature. 2002;418(6894):162-164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paar J, Oldroyd BP, Kastberger G. Giant honeybees return to their nest sites. Nature. 2000;406(6795):475.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gstaiger M, Luke B, Hess D, et al. Control of nutrient-sensitive transcription programs by the unconventional prefoldin URI. Science. 2003;302(5648):1208-1212.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lombard M. SolidWorks® 2011 Parts Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Lioy J, Sobol SE, eds. Disorders of the Neonatal Airway: Fundamentals for Practice. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Morrison AB, Jha AP. Mindfulness, Attention, and Working Memory. In: Ostafin BD, Robinson MD, Meier BP, eds. Handbook of Mindfulness and Self-Regulation. New York, NY: Springer; 2015:33-45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Finance and Data Science.

Blog post
Fang J. Sea Slug Steals Photosynthesis Genes From Algae. IFLScience. Published February 4, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Budgetary Implications of IRS’ Tax System Modernization and Automated Examination System Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bhavsar KS. Application of wavelet on quasi-periodic physiologic signals. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crouse K. His Term, Forever: Amen. New York Times. April 9, 2015:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Finance and Data Science
ISSN (print)2405-9188

Other styles