How to format your references using the The Journal of Finance and Data Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Finance and Data Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edgerton D. The charge of technology. Nature. 2008;455(7216):1030-1031.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hussain NK, Sheng M. Neuroscience. Making synapses: a balancing act. Science. 2005;307(5713):1207-1208.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dobson DP, Meredith PG, Boon SA. Simulation of subduction zone seismicity by dehydration of serpentine. Science. 2002;298(5597):1407-1410.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kuhn JR, Armstrong JD, Bush RI, Scherrer P. Rossby waves on the Sun as revealed by solar “hills.” Nature. 2000;405(6786):544-546.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barker RM, Puckett JA. Design of Highway Bridges. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Rodger J. Between Trauma and the Sacred: The Cultural Shaping of Remitting-Relapsing Psychosis in Post-Conflict Timor-Leste. 1st ed. 2016. (Steel Z, ed.). Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Paegelow M, Camacho MTO, Ferraty F, Ferré L, Sarda P, Villa N. Prospective modelling of environmental dynamics: A methodological comparison applied to mountain land cover changes. In: Paegelow M, Olmedo MTC, eds. Modelling Environmental Dynamics: Advances in Geomatic Solutions. Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer; 2008:141-167.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Finance and Data Science.

Blog post
Davis J. Middle Eastern Organization Requests First Ever Withdrawal From The “Doomsday” Seed Vault. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of Administration of Selected Aspects of the Student-Tutor Education Program by the National Endowment for the Humanities. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia DM. Cutting a thorn: The cleansing function of female genital cutting. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles SM. Sweating Out a Singles Mixer From Behind a Stall. New York Times. January 3, 2016:ST5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Finance and Data Science
ISSN (print)2405-9188

Other styles