How to format your references using the Neuroscience Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Lupascu, Quantum physics: The path most travelled, Nature. 511 (2014) 538–539.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.M. Cohen, J. Brennecke, Developmental biology. Mixed messages in early development, Science. 312 (2006) 65–66.
A journal article with 3 authors
H.L. Bryden, H.R. Longworth, S.A. Cunningham, Slowing of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 25 degrees N, Nature. 438 (2005) 655–657.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.R. Harris, E.J. Feil, M.T.G. Holden, M.A. Quail, E.K. Nickerson, N. Chantratita, S. Gardete, A. Tavares, N. Day, J.A. Lindsay, J.D. Edgeworth, H. de Lencastre, J. Parkhill, S.J. Peacock, S.D. Bentley, Evolution of MRSA during hospital transmission and intercontinental spread, Science. 327 (2010) 469–474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Burger, B. Graeber, G. Schindlmayr, Managing Energy Risk, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
G. Kou, Data Processing for the AHP/ANP, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Oishi, Mechanisms of Plant Pollutant Uptake as Related to Effective Biomonitoring, in: U. Kulshrestha, P. Saxena (Eds.), Plant Responses to Air Pollution, Springer, Singapore, 2016: pp. 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience Letters.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Amateur Astronomers Find Supernova That Exploded 970 Million Years Ago, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Electronic Government: Progress and Challenges in Implementing the Office of Personnel Management’s Initiatives, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.M. Younis, The impact of moral values on ethical practices in environmental management, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Cubs Open Title Defense With a One-Two Punch by Bryant and Rizzo, New York Times. (2017) D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience Letters
AbbreviationNeurosci. Lett.
ISSN (print)0304-3940
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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