How to format your references using the Neuroscience Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Small world, big opportunities, Nature. 418 (2002) 4–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Yin, M.C. Boyce, Materials science: Unique wrinkles as identity tags, Nature. 520 (2015) 164–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Lappala, A. Zaccone, E.M. Terentjev, Ratcheted diffusion transport through crowded nanochannels, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3103.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T.R. Watters, J.W. Head, S.C. Solomon, M.S. Robinson, C.R. Chapman, B.W. Denevi, C.I. Fassett, S.L. Murchie, R.G. Strom, Evolution of the Rembrandt impact basin on Mercury, Science. 324 (2009) 618–621.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Chappell, Parris’s Standard Form of Building Contract, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
M. Hülsmann, B. Scholz-Reiter, K. Windt, eds., Autonomous Cooperation and Control in Logistics: Contributions and Limitations - Theoretical and Practical Perspectives, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Moot, C. Retoré, The Multimodal Lambek Calculus, in: C. Retoré (Ed.), The Logic of Categorial Grammars: A Deductive Account of Natural Language Syntax and Semantics, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 149–191.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience Letters.

Blog post
T. Hale, Man Drinks Five Energy Drinks A Day And Develops Hepatitis, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Nextgen Air Transportation System: Mechanisms for Collaboration and Technology Transfer Could Be Enhanced to More Fully Leverage Partner Agency and Industry Resources, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.C. Johnson, The lived experience of the adult African American female who has lived in multiple foster care placements, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Qiu, Election Influence, Separate and Unequal, New York Times. (2017) A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience Letters
AbbreviationNeurosci. Lett.
ISSN (print)0304-3940
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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