How to format your references using the Journal of Information Security and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Information Security and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramsay H. Climate science: Shifting storms. Nature 2014;509:290–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grey K, Calver CR. Ediacaran oxidation and biotic evolution. Nature 2007;450:E17; discussion E18.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lowes MA, Bowcock AM, Krueger JG. Pathogenesis and therapy of psoriasis. Nature 2007;445:866–73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brody DL, Magnoni S, Schwetye KE, Spinner ML, Esparza TJ, Stocchetti N, et al. Amyloid-beta dynamics correlate with neurological status in the injured human brain. Science 2008;321:1221–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis TG. Java® and Mac OS® X. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Cortajarena AL, Grove TZ, editors. Protein-based Engineered Nanostructures. vol. 940. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Slee B. Landscape goods and services related to forestry land use. In: Mander Ü, Wiggering H, Helming K, editors. Multifunctional Land Use: Meeting Future Demands for Landscape Goods and Services, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 65–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Information Security and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew E. Andromeda’s Arms Caused By Galactic Collision. IFLScience 2014.’s-arms-caused-galactic-collision/ (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Areas Needing Improvement in the Adult Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Francom C. Análisis sociolingüístico de eleccion de lengua en encuentros de servicio: Una perspectiva etnográfica y experimental. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Overlooked Influences in Trump’s Life: A Famous Minister and His Church. New York Times 2016:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Information Security and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Inf. Secur. Appl.
ISSN (print)2214-2126
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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