How to format your references using the Journal of Information Security and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Information Security and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Vahala KJ. Optical microcavities. Nature 2003;424:839–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kawasaki H, Taira K. Hes1 is a target of microRNA-23 during retinoic-acid-induced neuronal differentiation of NT2 cells. Nature 2003;423:838–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Royle NJ, Russell AF, Wilson AJ. The evolution of flexible parenting. Science 2014;345:776–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Futreal PA, Kasprzyk A, Birney E, Mullikin JC, Wooster R, Stratton MR. Cancer and genomics. Nature 2001;409:850–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Shover L. Trading Options in Turbulent Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Baldoni M, Son TC, Riemsdijk MB van, Winikoff M, editors. Declarative Agent Languages and Technologies V: 5th International Workshop, DALT 2007, Honolulu, HI, USA, May 14, 2007, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. vol. 4897. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bruno R, Carbone V. Compressive Turbulence. In: Carbone V, editor. Turbulence in the Solar Wind, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 153–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Information Security and Applications.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Bacteria Are Evolving To Eat The Plastic We Dump Into The Oceans. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/bacteria-evolving-eat-plastic-dump-into-oceans/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Hospital Quality Data: HHS Should Specify Steps and Time Frame for Using Information Technology to Collect and Submit Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Poudyal Kharel A. Pyrolysis Studies of Copper and Copper Phosphate Mixtures on a Tungsten Surface. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wines M, Fernandez M. Stricter Rules Over Voter IDs Reshape Races. New York Times 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Information Security and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Inf. Secur. Appl.
ISSN (print)2214-2126
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Software
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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