How to format your references using the Journal of Information Security and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Information Security and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Giardini D. Geothermal quake risks must be faced. Nature 2009;462:848–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bier E, De Robertis EM. EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT. BMP gradients: A paradigm for morphogen-mediated developmental patterning. Science 2015;348:aaa5838.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Jockers ML, Sag M, Schultz J. Digital archives: Don’t let copyright block data mining. Nature 2012;490:29–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hsu Y-C, Chern JJ, Cai Y, Liu M, Choi K-W. Drosophila TCTP is essential for growth and proliferation through regulation of dRheb GTPase. Nature 2007;445:785–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Stanley W, Pamela B. The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Posada de la Paz M, Groft SC, editors. Rare Diseases Epidemiology. vol. 686. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Theodorou MK, Brookman J, Trinci APJ. Anaerobic fungi. In: Makkar HPS, McSweeney CS, editors. Methods in Gut Microbial Ecology for Ruminants, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Information Security and Applications.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Five Bizarre Fossil Discoveries That Got Scientists Excited. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/five-bizarre-fossil-discoveries-got-scientists-excited/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. VA/DOD Federal Health Care Center: Costly Information Technology Delays Continue and Evaluation Plan Lacking. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Johnson KC. Teacher and parent perceptions of classroom experiences of African American male students in a high school alternative program. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Mcbride K. When It’s O.K. to Pay for a Story. New York Times 2015:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Information Security and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Inf. Secur. Appl.
ISSN (print)2214-2126
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Software
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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